The History of Humanity

Project: The History of Humanity
Author: Lem Chuck Moth

Started date: April/01/2019
Last updated: June/30/2019
All right reserved.
Since this paper is still drafted, the readers would be advised to ignore any context errors. The content is not final and subjected to be reviewed.

With the support of the logistical methodology, we had argued that history could be made as a part of logistical science (Historical Science: History as a Branch of logistical Science: The Logistical Methodology). From its progressive conception, historical science could be applied to a broader range of subject ranging from a simple entity to a complex creature and its related life-sustaining field of knowledge. On its own development, modern history could be compiled entirely from historical records that are made available through the progression of science and technology. Unfortunately, this ideal situation does not always apply in reality. Controlled by the New World order of today, history had been for a long while subjected to manipulation by selected historians themselves. Personal and political bias were two among the causes of historical distortion in such a way that history could no longer secure its scientific reality. From one state to another, a specific version of history is being compiled and is being taught to public schools, following the same colonial model of European source. Amid the setback, efforts had been made by conscientious independent minds in the drive to bring up the real history of humanity back to light. Resistance however occurs when fear of changes that might undermine current political order worldwide was seen to treat the stability of the current world order. Despite all the setback, we have the reason to believe that the movement would be strong enough to break through the current colonial legacies of bad practices. With political bias set aside, the history of humanity could then be at last freed from obscurity for humanity to consume without any fear of political reprisal. Cross-referencing with different sources makes modern history much more complete and empirically more verifiable (Notes: Cross-referencing in Historical Science). Not only that authenticity of the sources could be verified, but discrepancies could be more identifiable and often enough corrected through mutual checking. Along with the age of enlightenment, we had the reason to believe that the history of humanity could be at last deciphered (through scientific progression that provides a rigorous way of verifying religious data) to help humanity in its own quest for preserving the truth of its past development.

The Search for the Historical Truth
Unlike the cosmos that preserves its history through its traveling image, humanity was incurring changes through its space and time chronology axes. In a series of evolution that left no images of its development, humanity's deep past records were lost. Going back time, historical records are less and less available that forced scholars to create their own theories to patch-up the missing links. As more and more scientific breakthrough allowed Scientists to use empirical methods successfully to retrieve historical facts (from many fields of science) for the construction of the deep past, the compiling of the history of humanity had got itself a big boost during the last century. Through their own recovery efforts, the history of each country and community had been developed as separate entity fairly enough to give each nation its identity and a justification for their statehood. Precaution however should be on guard, as discrepancies also loom larger due mostly to the incompleteness of the empirical data that were so far used as foundation of their constructions. Common mistakes so far found are the attempts to construct historical events from empirical data without cross-referencing with other sources, especially when they are not accredited by scientific community. In a worsening environment, the unified history of humanity as a whole is always a challenge and is still lagging behind. Even at this current stage where recording method and mean are made easier through computerization, history always fall short to cover the whole of humanity 's cultural and political development. When dealing with prehistory, we had argued that tradition is one important source of historical data too valuable to be left unconsulted (Prehistory: Introduction: Tradition as a Source of Prehistoric Data). On the other hand, religion went ahead of oral tradition in preserving historical data through written mean of recording. AS we shall argue, the Bible's book of Genesis contains particularly deep past information on western development that otherwise unavailable in any other source. With proper reference to its Sumerian heritage, the Genesis constitutes the source of rare information that stand through time to be available as eyewitness to the development to the world of humanity. Following the Buddhist time-line chronology, we start by tracing back the history of the earth and its related knowledge of life through tradition and other unconventional records available through out religious practices of the world.

In their study of cosmology, many scholars had come to the conclusion that our earth presented itself as a specific formation that could support life. Even though skepticism still hold strong among scientific institution against the religious claim of god's creation, many skeptics are convinced that the suitability of our solar system to sustain life on earth is far to be a coincidence. In agreement with the Bible 's book of Genesis, the Meru Culture states that our solar system is created to serve a special religious purpose as the recycling center of living souls for the whole universe. In supporting the claim, Southeast Asians had their own long lasting tradition that the earth was from the beginning serving as a transitioning place of life between hell and all heavenly planes.

The Origin of Gods
The earliest information so far of the origin of gods was from Southeast Asia. It started with the divine settlement on earth as recounted by the Bahnar Roh, one of the subgroups of the Khmer-Mon stock (MGRV: The Bahnar: Legendary History). Their tradition of the settlement of two offspring of the god Bok Kei on earth indicated clearly an extraterrestrial origin of the gods on earth. The tradition also credited the god Bok Kei as the creator of the earth that was, according to science, closely associated with the formation of our solar system. Delusioned or not, the Bahnar Roh tribesmen were specific in their tradition that was supported by other religious societies of the world. Many human communities through out the globe still retained tradition about theirs gods establishing with them and taught them the ways of living to be different from that of animals and the establishment of a human culture as the base of the up-coming humanity. They were actually descended from the two offspring of the god Bok Kei who later spread themselves into the globe and constituted the race of gods as acknowledged later in both Hindu and Buddhist tradition. Many credible religious schools that were derived from the Meru Culture had plenty to say about their origin and the purpose of their journeys on earth. On the forefront of them all, Brahmanism stated that they were from the Brahma world and that their settlement on earth was primary concerning for their own ultimate salvation (to eternal life) as well as to help other suppressed souls toward their own salvation as well. Their tradition confirms that at first they could go back to their extraterrestrial home (some says that it was through a silver ladder while other went far to hint of elaborate carriers for their trips back home) and vice versa. Earth was created as a place where they could detach themselves from sensational restraints of their native world that could distract them from their original self of which Buddhist calls the state of enlightenment. As Buddha Gautama went into the deep forest to get his own, high spirits from the Brahma world came to the earth to complete their Arahantship. Supporting the statement, Buddhist tradition went far to confirm that during the early days of earth creation, Buddhas were of high numbers as an old expression saying " you could not walk on the surface of the earth without stepping on the bone of a Buddha". It was another way of saying that the earth was created to suit the enlightenment process and that Brahmans came to take the advantage that the earth was made to offer. The sad part is that as many of them succeeded, there were also many others who failed. Tradition says that the silver ladder then disappeared leaving the extraterrestrial souls to fend for themselves. with a lot less distractions, earth was created to constitute an environment that serves as a second home for the lost souls. A physical body would accommodate each one of them to live a physical life and provide them with the second chance to enhance their spirituality. Nevertheless, earthy sensation also tempts them to lose the drive and fell deeper and deeper into the kinetic energy of their karma. According to Buddhism, other creatures of diverse animal forms and shapes are made to suit the degrading souls and the recovery processes became less and less simplified for nature to take care on its own. It required a higher authority, along with the sophistication of his past merit, to lead the souls back to the right path for salvation. Born with high spirituality, a Buddhisatva reincarnates many times to teach morality and to rule the world according to the Buddhist law of dharma. After attaining his own enlightenment, he became known as the supreme Buddha to reign over humanity until the end of his kalpa. What makes a supreme Buddha to qualify for the mission is his aptitude to guide humanity toward enlightenment, after achieving his own. For that, he needs high merits that were painstakingly accumulated through experiencing different lives (of different shape and form) and understands how all physical and spiritual sub-worlds interconnect. During his kalpa as a Buddhisatva, he had to interface effectively with divinities and supernatural spirits that are in control of the Meru World (that includes the earth, the heaven and the hell). To better illustrate the dynamic of divine interference, Buddhist cosmology divides each kalpa into four yugas (Satyayuga, Tretayuga, Dvaparayuga and the Kalayuga) as due to the interfacing period between the earth and each one of the associated spiritual worlds. As the Brahma and the Meru world are the farthest of all physical worlds to our solar system, in a normal circumstances only spirits could travel from these spirit-planes to earth. During the Satyayuga and the Tretayuga, divine spirits from either the Brahma or the Meru world would intervene on humanity through reincarnation. In contrast, the occurrence of a shortest path (wormhole in scientific term) between the heaven and hell to earth would accommodate the physical traveling during the Dvaparayuga and the Kalayuga of this current kalpa. According to Buddhist cosmogony, many kalpas had already been completed during which the environment and requirement of the earth was conditioned for the sustainment of human souls through their living organism (Notes: Previous Known Buddhi Wyecvhbst Kalpas).

The Conception of the Kamara People
The Bible's book of Genesis clearly mentions that the creation of human beings was done by God during the sixth of God creation 's days.
And God said. Let us make man in our image, after our likeliness and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.(HB: 1/26: p. 1)
It is important to note that the word "God" in capital letter is actually a title of the godfather. His statement, seemingly addressing to fellow gods about his intention of creating human being in their image, was to Christianity a proof of human creation by God himself. Another implication of his statement is that gods had then the same form as modern men of today. As we had argued, any of god intervention after the disappearance of the silver ladder must to be done in this physical form. Scientists who stomps on the fossils or remains of a homo-sapien that dated prior to the Toba explosion, might actually stomp on the remain of a god and not of a man (Notes: God's Physical Body). By then, archaic human beings had different form and their remains could not be mistaken as of a homo-sapien. From his statement, God planned to make homo-sapien as the standard form of both god and man. No mention on how he did it, but we know that it was certainly not the same way that the great master of magic Houdini makes a rabbit appearing and disappearing at will. The best hint so far is from the Sumerian source and that both the supernatural and natural processes are involved (Historical Science: Relativity in Historical Science: The Buddhist Law of Evolution). Collaborating on the Buddhist law of macroevolution (in the formation of new species), the Mnong' s account of human appearance on earth states that originally, men lived with animals and spoke the same language (The Man Race: Introduction). Theirs tradition went further to assert that the diversion (between men and animals) came later and it took a catastrophic event to make the transformation. Following the lead, we shall look back for any Southeast Asian catastrophic event happening in the near past time frame that, according to the Mnong's assertion, caused the macroevolution that under-changed human from animal concerning not only physiology but life-style as well. The eruption of the Toba volcano that happened at Sumatra around 74,000 years ago was the best candidates for such catastrophic event. Archeology also confirms that the explosion had triggered a drastic change of environment concerning life setting in Southeast Asia as well as its surrounding regions. Before the eruption, scholars had verified that a continuos Paleolithic tradition of archaic societies that was known as the Kota Tampan culture, had existed as early as ten of thousands of years ago. The explosion specifically blanketed the Indian subcontinent in a deep layer of ash leading to the conclusion that India's first colonist did not survive this greatest of all local disasters. Scholars predict a broad extinction zone between east and west Asia that results in the deep east-west division in the genetic and cultural difference (OOE: Why and when did we leave Africa? : p.82). The next implication could be drawn from the Sumerian epic story of Enuma Elish about the split of the Brahma community into two separate political centers of Apsu and Tiamat. As Apsu is traditionally located at mount Himalayas, Tiamat was supposedly located at its southern seashore, which in the current geographical setting located at the northeastern part of India (at Manipura). The split reflects the gradual shift of the Brahma world in the lost control of the earth under the increasing political interference of both the Indra and the Yuma worlds, since the start of the Bhadrakalpas. While the small Brahman community kept its tradition close to its original Brahmanity, the big Brahman community would be formed to suit a broader range of leadership from the Indra and the Yuma worlds. To complete the Mnong's statement of human conception, we conclude that the Toba catastrophic explosion resulted in the first modern human to populate Southeast Asia. Living along side the Brahman communities of the Apsu, they were crucial in assisting God for the next development of humanity. The oldest incontrovertible evidence for modern humans in Southeast Asia, at Niah Cave in Borneo, includes a modern skull dated to 42,000 years overlaying a Middle Paleolithic flake industry said to be typical of the Indian 'Soan' Middle Paleolithic (OOE: When did we become modern?: Human migrants using similar technology: p. 100). While the Malay peninsular became since the country of the first indigenous austroasiatic speakers, the Orang Asli and the Senoi indigenous people, evidences of austroasiatic speakers in some part of India and the mainland Indochina might have been dated at the same time.

The Incompleteness of Empirical Data
As its current stage, the history of humanity is compiled entirely based on the Darwinist theory of natural selection process that leaves the spiritual role completely outside of the development of human specie. By leaving God out of the equation, mistakes were committed when empirical data from DNA analysis and linguistic study were used without cross-referencing with religion. Having no specific origin and date stamps coming along with them, empirical data are often incomplete and fell short of providing full answer to current dilemmas of the history of humanity. To find out about the extra information, historians had to recourse to a different process in order to date and locate the events. For most of the cases, the window of uncertainty is wide and the mistake of interpretation is high when applying to the space-time bound historical events of the past. Making the matter worst, current bad practices now limit historians to rely on their own empirical judgment or on scientific theories that are currently still very much unproved. The most vulnerable of them all is the ethnographic study of which many forms of historical information had been drawn and used extensively to support empirical discoveries in modern historical science. The refuting of both the Darwinist theory of specieation through natural selection process and the scientific theory on the origin of life would require alternative theories to replace them (Historical Science: Relativity in Historical Science). We also need to look for discrepancies pertaining current scientific claims on the history of humanity that were accepted by scientific communities of today. Adding religion into the equation would not only provide missing empirical information, but would open more horizon for alternative searches that could provide better answers to historical dilemmas that were caused by using empirical method alone. Cross-referencing to religion, a process that scientific communities had been neglecting all along, could provide not only better chronology, but also explain supernatural effects that might occur during the history of humanity of which empirical methods alone could not provide the complete answer.
  • The Buddhist Cosmogony
  • In Buddhist cosmogony, a Kalpa is the time frame for each Buddhisatva to rule the earth and to attain his enlightenment. To accommodate the interference of the seven spiritual worlds, the Sumerian cosmogony set forth the spiritual relativity of life as due to the interference of the seven heavenly planes on earth by dividing each Kalpa into seven yugas. In practices however, only four yugas are observed; they are the Satya, Treta, Dvapara and the Kala Yuga. The division of a kalpa into its four phases (called yugas) is actually in conformance to the Buddhist teaching of the four noble truths that consists of birth, maturity, old age and death. According to Buddha Gautama's teaching, these noble truths apply to all living thing of the Meru world and other sub-worlds of both physical and spiritual as well. Carrying on the mainstream of the Man and the Meru Culture, the first two yugas bring the new kalpa into a progression of spiritual enhancement. To better understanding of the timing of cosmic forces in their the development role on humanity, we tentatively set forth a systematic chronology that serves as the time machine of each Kalpa (Notes: The Chronology of our current Kalpa). Brahma would start the Kalpa with the Satyayuga that, according to the Sumerian tradition, is considered to be the best of all the yugas. Presented as the cow Nanda standing on its four legs, the yuga is best suited for the birth of new humanity under the Sun Culture. Presented as the cow Nanda standing on its three legs, the Tretayuga is considered as the second best yuga. Under the Moon Culture, Siva or Meru would rule the yuga to watch over the grow of humanity into maturity of which he exerts all his power of both creation and destruction to keep humanity 's progression of its spirituality in check. The next two yugas however would emphasize on the physical aspect of it. From the degradation of the Moon Culture to the lunar eclipse, the next Dvaparayuga is delegated to the ruler of second heaven Anu and his siblings Ellil and Enki of the green energy. Presented as the bull Nanda standing on its two legs, the yuga concern mostly on humanity 's drive for material gain. The last of the four yugas that is also considered as the worst yuga of all four is the Kalayuga. Known also as the yuga of death, the yuga was dedicated to the solar eclipse culture and was based entirely on the Red energy. We could easily check out that We are now in the last stage of the kalayuga through which wars and all sort of calamities inflicted on humanity are the norm. It was amid of the chaos and setbacks during its last part that the assigned Buddhasatava attains his enlightenment and subsequently guides meritual souls that survived through out the Kalayuga's calamities, toward salvation. The yuga was ruled by the Kali goddess (Ishtar in Sumerian) who was known also as the war goddess (Notes: The Kali Goddess).

    From the Meru Culture, we know that it was for the spirit of gods that the physical body of the anatomically modern men was created. The gods Lgigi was the first to have their physical body conceived in human form according to a supernatural process of a cell's formation as the basic component of a living organism. As a cell contains all gnome information about the living organism itself, including its ancestral inheritance, DNA analysis became a scientific breakthrough that revolutionizes the history of humanity. Used in a complementation with other methodologies, DNA analysis allows us to look back into the past of modern men conception. Nevertheless, we shall keep in mind that at least according to its current application, DNA analysis can not tell between a god and a man physical difference.

    The Evolution of Archaic Human Species
    Archeology unearthed three layers of Old Stone Age that represents three phases of archaic development of human species. Spanning from approximately 2.6 million years ago to 280,000 years ago, the Lower Paleolithic describes a period in African prehistory in which the first stone tools were developed. Among them, archeologists also found fossils of early hominids that could be the one who made and used the tools. The earliest one that was discovered in Ethiopia included the complete specimen of the famous Lucy. The discovery definitely confirms that Africa was the birthplace of the early archaic human species. The bio-diversity of Africa had been since viewed by the Darwinist natural selection group as the birthplace of human speciation. Both anthropologists and geneticist agreed that during these early development, environment is the determining factor of the physical adaptation of which gnome mutation occurred to characterize the birth of a new specie. With that reasoning, we do agree with Darwin that species evolved and that archaic human species in particular, evolved from chimpanzee in Africa. Nonetheless, we believe that Darwin was wrong to claim that natural selection process was the only cause of physical transformation of new specie of different kind. Through archeology, scientists could trace a great leap of humanity as Homo Erectus that evolved into a more advanced species around a million years later, and more advanced tools were found widespread used among their communities. For the next development in Africa, we shall argue that the evolution of the man species along with their life-style was closely monitored by divine intervention. The Middle Paleolithic (or Middle Paleolithic) is the second subdivision of the Paleolithic as it is understood in Europe, Africa and Asia. The term Middle Stone Age is used as an equivalent or a synonym for the Middle Paleolithic in African archeology, broadly spanned from 300,000 to 30,000 years ago. The technology demonstrates an increase in brain development and complexity in Homo Erectus, as shown by the increased level of forethought and knowledge of material required for production of the tools. Homo Erectus are also associated with the first instances of "modern human living," such as fire, "modern emotions," and art. The earliest evidence for hominids controlling fire is found in Wonderwerk Cave, South Africa. As much as scientific communities attributes these progression to local ingenuity of the man-species, the religious communities attributes them to the Brahmanist intervention in the early start-up of humanity. Recorded in the Rig-Vedas, gods of different nature and function introduced the art of living to humanity with their surrounding nature. It was the recollection that Meru was behind the developments of new species and their way of life (Historical Science: Relativity in Historical Science: The Origin of Life). The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Paleolithic, Late Stone Age) is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic that was broadly dated between 50,000 and 10,000 years ago. According to some theories, the late Stone Age differentiated itself completely from its previous two Paleolithic stages. It was characterized with the appearance of behavioral modernity and most importantly with more sophisticated community life-style. No suggestion however was given to explain how the culture started at the first place. The discovery of the Hofmeyr Skull confirms the morphological resemblance of modern men to homo-sapiens, yet its physical difference from recent groups of modern Africa specimen hardly suggests that he was actually African (Notes: The Hofmeyr Skull). Another discovery that puzzled scientific communities was that the upper Paleolithic culture did not start at Africa, but at Europe and Asia. The finding challenge the Darwinist claim that modern men were conceived through natural selection process by which the archaic human kinds evolved from their own ancestors, the same way that they themselves evolved from a common ancestor. As much as Africa was the Eden of archaic human species and that evolution had contributed to many new and extinct primal species, new evidences show that homo-sapiens were created through a total different process than the archaic human kinds. As a matter of fact, the first breaches of homo-sapiens were not African, but were the gods Lgigi whose mission in Africa and later in Europe were hinted by the Sumerian source to be crucial in the development of new species of both animal and archaic human beings. They were physically conceived in homo-sapiens to work on the next development of human creation as well as promoting humanity's life-style.

    The Out-of-Africa Migration Theory
    Among many theories that explain the peopling of the earth, the theory of modern men's migration from Africa was the most accepted one among scientific communities. The theory went on to claim that migration (in multiple times) was the cause of modern men 's spreading over the globe. Members of homo-sapiens family who constitute themselves as the man-species of the earth, exited Africa and made their way to find better living around the globe through land-channel that was open for them to make their migration. The theory however did not elaborate on how new man species was conceptually at the first place, but asserts that the homo-sapiens appeared for the first time in the archaeological record around 200,000 BCE in Africa. Around 70,000 years ago, the theory claims that anatomically modern humans started on exiting Africa in the destination to South Asia, Maritime South Asia and Oceania through their southern coastal way that gave the migrants the identity of beachcombers. They reached Oceania around 65,000 years ago and pushing on their journey eastward, they possibly reached the Americas by 50,000 years ago. More migrations were postulated to explain the spreading of homo-sapiens to fill-out the globe. As we shall argue, the theory was very much in a conjectural stage and so far lacks all the anthropological evidences to support the claim. Not only that the theory rejected indigenous 's claim that they were local from the start of humanity, it also set in place the application of the empirical method of DNA analysis beyond its scientific scope. At this current stage, the window of uncertainty is high for the geneticists to make a decisive judgment on their finding. The theory is made much more complicated by the discovery of the archaic gnome's presence in modern men's DNA, which was significant enough to suggest a generic mixture between the two species. Neanderthal admixture, in the range of 1-4%, is found in all modern populations outside of Africa, including in Europeans, Asians, Papuan New Guineans, and Australian Aboriginal. On the other hand, the extent of Denisovan admixture varies significantly between contemporary Asian racial groups. The admixture is of the order of about 1% to 4% in Europeans and East Asians, and highest among Melanesians cluster B is defined as those with the Asians 9-bp deletion and, as previously mentioned, spreads from Melanesia round the Pacific Rim to the Americas. This ancestral type is shared with the equivalent model type in Amerindian and coastal New Guinea population. The admixture suggests that modern men were in contact with their archaic peers and one way or another had their gnome mixed. To explain the presence of archaic gnome as part of modern men's ancestral DNA, the Out-of-Africa migration theory elaborated on mass interbreeding between modern men and their archaic human counterpart that was very much left unproved. As much as the mass interbreeding between two different species is hardly observed in the natural environment, the theory is currently still highly hypothetical to become a scientific fact. For instance, the interbreeding between a mule and a horse could be monitored under close environment and condition, but interbreeding between them is hardly observed in a normal situation of their own natural environment. On the other hand, the condition and the time frame question very much the assertion that modern men were conceived and evolved in Africa. The absence of the upper Paleolithic period simply suggests that homo-sapiens were not conceived at all in Africa and that their out-of-Africa migration did not take place. The same evidences could be used to show that archaic human species (instead of modern men) were the one who trekked out from Africa during the early stages of the middle Paleolithic period. Consistent with the animal mass migrating behavioral pattern to look for better habitat, the archaic human species moved out from Africa to spread around the world and to become later the preceptors of modern men. Without risking serious mistake in elaborating on the archaic migration (or multiple migrations) itself, we shall limit our postulation to the following scenarios. The Neanderthals were probably the first to settle down in Western Europe while the rest continued their journey toward the east. Evidences show that one group made their detour into Southeast Asia and furthermore into the southernmost territory of Australia while the rest of the flock continued on their migration to the east. The Darwinist theory of natural selection process would explain the next emergence of the Denisovan who, through DNA analysis, had already their gnome diverged from that of their ancestor Neanderthals. By following the same path, evidences show that the Denisovan also made their way south while the rest of their peers continued on their journey to the eastern part of the Chinese continent (Notes: The Java Man vs the Peking Man). Reflecting their common origin from Africa, the austronesian tribesmen appears to share the same tradition of their northern journey with their modern Chinese counterpart. To make it more interesting, they acknowledge that their ancestors were monkeys and that they lost their tail in a long journey crossing the desert (perhaps the Sahara Desert) during their early exit from Africa. It was perhaps a shared recollection of their out-of-Africa migration when they were still primate that was long before they were conceived as modern men.

    The Multiregional Theory of Human Origin
    The out-of-Africa migration of modern men's theory was challenged from the start by the multiregionalist group who, trough their anthropologist works, found more evidences that modern men were conceived from their own local archaic ancestors. Of their paleoanthropology findings, they maintained that homo-sapiens were not all from the same archaic ancestry, but rather from different stocks that explains why they possessed gnome of different background. By breaking out from different ancestors, they would inherit many of their archaic legacies that already show the Neanderthals or the Denisovans admixture split in their gnome. The finding would make the multiregional theory of human origin ahead of the Out-of-Africa migration theory. Without the interbreeding hypothetical assumption, the latter theory is not complete as it left the presence of the archaic gnome in modern men 's DNA out of its development. The only problem for the theory was the lack of support argument to explain why the physical resemblance to modern men took place while their anatomy is so far different from their primal ancestors (OOA: Out of Africa, p.49). It was in contrast to the out-of-Africa migration of homo-sapiens that gives immediate explanation that the same look of modern humans was inherited from their common African ancestors. The absence of the upper Paleolithic development that confirms the presence of homo-sapiens in Africa and the absence of concrete proof of interbreeding between modern men with archaic humankind ever took place would argue strongly that the Out-of-Africa migrations of modern men never take place. In fact, the Sumerian source conveys to us that the early homo-sapiens that presented themselves across the globes were actually not men, but were the god Lgigi from both the Apsu and Tiamat communities of Brahmans. Furthermore, the same source also assert that the conception of modern men was rather recently and that the migration through out the globe if it happened, must to occur long before the conception of modern men. As we have argued, it was around 75,000 years ago that the first of the modern men who populated Southeast Asia were conceived right after the explosion of the Toba's eruption. Better recognized by their genetic markers HbE, the austroasiatic speakers Orang-Asli were the ancestors of the Khmer-mon people (Notes: The Orang-Asli People). Of their close relationship with the Brahman gods Lgigi, they were known to be agriculturist. Perhaps through their association with members of the high gods whose global mission in Middle East was particularly known through the Sumerian culture, they were known in the Arab world as the Kamara people. Of their Kun-lun origin, they were known to the Chinese as the Kun-lun people. The spread of agriculture through out the world might have been associated to their works in close association with the Sumerian gods Lgigi. Gene analysis confirms their presence through out the Middle East, including Europe, the Chinese continent and the oceania (EE: Orang Asli-originals: fig 34: p.206). These evidences show that modern men were not (according to scientific claim) migrating from Africa to Asia, but the other way around. Continuing on the Sumerian tradition, East Africa was actually the destination of Southeast Asian Sea nomads and became since the cultural development center of the Sumerian court, along with Egypt and Middle East. Evidences even show that later on, a high number of the Kamara had escaped to Madagascar of Southeast Africa to escape the Han' s intrusion (Champapura: The Impact on the Tian Legacy: The Displacement of the Kun-Lun People). In any cases, the Kamara people could not be beachcomber from Africa as claimed by the out-of-Africa of modern men theory, but were instead conceived locally at Southeast Asia. During their conception, evidences show that the survivors of the Toba explosion continued their archaic living with their middle Paleolithic life-style. The epic story of Atrahasis coveys that as late as the last kalpa of Buddha Kassapa (around 14000 BP), the gods Lgigi had to perform the works themselves and their complaints pressured the god Enki to create human being to off-load their hard work. The depicted story furthermore provides detail information on how they were conceived, trough god cloning by mean of local archaic mothers who were most likely offspring of the Java men. As an immediate consequence, the religious proposition of god cloning would gives the multiregional of human population theory, the upper edge over the out-of-Africa migration of modern men counterpart. As it clearly explains how homo-sapiens were conceived locally from their archaic mothers, the main opposing argument to the theory is by itself eliminated.

    For long, the empirical method of DNA analysis and Linguistic study fell short to provide the whole answer of the history of humanity. We had argued that more information could be retrieved through currently available religious sources of many established branches of the Meru Culture to complement what we have known trough scientific institutions. The Sumerian chronicle of the Atrahasis for instance, is of particular importance in providing additional information about supernatural process concerning the creation of man species. With the extra information, we shall present here case studies about the conception of modern men's theory for a review that might shed better truth for the history of humanity.

    From Archaic to Modern Men
    To complete the out-of-Africa of modern men's migration theory, the first big hole to patch-up is the apparent absence of the upper Paleolithic development in both Africa and Middle East where the very first settlements of modern men shall be established before they spread into Europe and Asia. The finding convinced some geneticists to conclude that being homo-sapiens is not a guaranty of being smart. To explain why upper Paleolithic life-style took place in Europe rather than in Africa where homo-sapiens are supposed to be originated from, some scholars suggested that European was gifted with the wisdom gene that gave them the upper edge of progressive life-style than their African peers. The wrong proposition had turned later into the basic belief of racism to impact humanity in the worst way during the modern history of mankind. At the same time, we had argued that modern men were conceived under god supervision on earth to allow spirits that failed the enlightenment a second chance of accomplishing it. In God's plan of reorganizing the earth, the Kamara people were the first to be conceived in human form to help taking care of all living thing on earth, along side with the gods Lgigi. The development could be confirmed by the final change from Middle Paleolithic to the upper Paleolithic tools that was found in the Central Nrmada and Middle Son Basins in northern India. Archeology also confirms the emergence of the same culture, 25,000-3000 years later in the Levant and Europe (OOE: Out of Africa: The southern route, p.73). AS far as the lower and later the middle paleolithic culture were introduced to the societies of achaic men for their early induction to humanity, We shall further argue that the upper Paleolithic culture was actually the real transition into human life-style. Originated by the Brahman societies, the culture contains clearly advanced introduction into religious practices that totally lacked in their previous life-style. It was happening the same time that Christianity commemorated the birth of modern men toward a grand scale of God's plan for spiritual salvation after the seven days of reorganization (nine days in correlation to the total Known Buddhist Kalpas prior to the Bhadrakalpas). In the next development, the birth of Adam was to be treated as the earliest batch of human creation out of the Senoi stock, of which scholars dated to be between 40,000 and 50,000 years ago. The conception of the austroasiatic speaker Senoi people would fit into the same time frame and circumstances of the formation of the race of Paramkambuja of the Southeast Asian tradition. Evidences show that they were conceived at the same time, in a parallel development (if it was not earlier) with the conception of the race of the western Kambuja in Europe. In South India where archeology confirms that the Toba explosion had wiped out all living things, plenty of land would accommodate agriculture for modern men to move in. Until evidences show that mass migration from Central Asia took place late in modern time, the South Indian continent became immediately the safe heaven for the Paramkambujan migrants to practice their agriculturist life-style. Their main physical type of Indian population that generally changes toward darker skinned, curly hair, round eyed of the so-called Dravidian peoples would confirm their early migration into the Tamil country. Comparisons of skull shape allows scholars to link the large Tamil population of South India with the Senoi people (OOE: First step into Asia, first leap into Australia: p.181). On the same development, the conception of their western Kambujan compatriots who had themselves also Neanderthal root would complete the creation of Adam of the Abrahamic School's tradition. Living closely together with the Senoi people, the austronesian speakers could be treated as the next creation of Eve to be the wife of Adam. We know from the Sumerian epic story of Atrahasis that their conception as modern human came far later than their siblings the Kamara people who were no other than the Orang Asli and the Senoi people. Ethnically, we had argued that they were conceived as modern men in a close relationship with their archaic ancestry of Southeast Asia. The communion of the Kambuja and the Austronesians would complete the creation story of Adam and Eve as presented in the Genesis. AIt explains the start of a new family life-style of which scholars had attributed to a cultural leap that one way or another drove their archaic ancestral communities to be extinct (Notes: The Austronesian Language). From the Sumerian sources, we know that their conception (in a grand scale generation) of modern men did not follow the guideline of the Meru Culture. It was actually the god Ea (Enki in Sumerian) who initiated the creation of the new man species through duplication of a god's gnome and it was Ishta who took care of building up their communities and life-style after their conception. Evidences show that many of them were inducted into the Meru culture and absorbed into the Kamara society, while many others would have to wait for the arrival of Anu and even of Ishta until late of the kalpa to become civilized.

    The Spirituality Issues
    A Malay archeologist team that conducted a scientific study on the effect of the Toba explosion had come out an astounding finding. From their data, scholars concluded that only occupants of the Kota Tampan were affected and others communities on the Malay Peninsular were able to escape and continued to live their Paleolithic tradition. The discovery of an anatomically modern man whom scholars named the Perak Man (Notes: The Perak Man) had brought a new finding on the conception of the austronesian people. On the basis of the skull morphology comparison, scholars concluded that the aboriginal people who still lives in the same part of northern Malaysian rain forest, are his descendants (OOE: Out of Africa: Oldest relics of the beachcombing trail?, p.169). The fact that the same tools that lied embedded in volcanic ash from Toba, could also be found in the rest of the archipelago suggests that the survivors of Toba explosion of Malaysia continued their archaic living until the birth of the Perak Man. The Malay team also discovered a number of sites in the Lenggong valley indicating that a local pebble tool culture may have existed from the days of the Toba eruption right up until 7,000 or even only 4,000 years ago (OOE: Out of Africa: Oldest relics of the beachcombing trail?, p.167). The finding is consistent with the timeline of the Sumerian epic story of Atrahasis to date the conception of the austronesian species only around 600 years before the Southeast Asian Great Flood. We shall further assert that the Perac Man could actually be one of the first specimen of modern man species created by Enki to off load the Lgigi work through a supernatural process of god cloning (Atrahasis: The Creation of the Man Species: The Cloning Process). A scientific observer who was not informed of the supernatural process, could be easily mistaken that the whole macro-evolution process was actually what Darwin was calling the natural selection process. He would first observe the seven archaic mothers giving birth to seven boys and the other seven mothers giving birth to seven girls. All the mothers might be at first under high mental trauma to see that their babies were born with strong physical abnormality as compared to other archaic babies. Since (according to the story) they were soon separated from their babies, the trauma lasted obviously only for a short time. By mating between themselves, they built their communities to grow stronger and stronger while their archaic ancestral communities started to degenerate and became extinct as time passed by. The observer must to be perplexed of his observation since according to Darwin's theory of natural selection process, the specieation is expected to take a long period of time to complete its course. To allow the new babies to grow up and to breed a new population that outfit their ancestral archaic kinds to the extinction, the natural selection process could be a very slow process. In contrast, no evidences of oppression whatsoever from the part of the new man species is observed as the cause of the fast extinction on the archaic communities trough the divine selection process. This was because the modern men were to benefit of their physical body to conduct a complete different life-style from their archaic ancestors. Even though they kept their own spirit of lower status, their homo-sapiens shape and form gives them the physical advantage than the natural selection process could ever do. Conceived to help the gods Lgigi building the Garden of Eden, evidences show that many had joined the Kamara people into the mainstream of the Meru Culture and became like them. Since theirs communities were still small, they had plenty of resources (including lands) for their disposition and for most of the time, had no need to intrude into the archaic habitat of their ancestors to survive. Archeology so far confirms the archaic life-style to have been conducted mostly in isolated caves far from the agriculturist sites of the new species. In any case, their societies were closely supervised by the congress of gods and as a consequence of their misbehaving, they were punished and corrected. As indicated by the epic story of the Atrahasis, the austronesian communities were for a short period of time (600 years) thriving under the care of Ishta. As their number grew, they became corrupted and their unruly behavior finally drove the god Ellil to unleash the great flood upon them. Under the guidance of Ea (Enki in Sumerian) some survived and were absorbed into the austroasiatic society as members of the Khmer-mon people. After the great flood of Southeast Asia, a new humanity then started at the site of the Garden of Eden. Historian however failed to relate the Mesolithic development (of Southeast Asia) that actually proved itself to be the first agriculturist culture of the world, as the stepping stone of the next humanity's progression. It was in accordance to God's purpose that the next humanity development was taking place. Classified as the "New Stone Age", scholars dated the Neolithic period to begun about 12,000 years ago after the first development of farming appeared in the Middle East before it spread into other parts of the world. In a period marked by the upper Paleolithic culture, Europe was next to become the birthplace of the new generation of human race. From the Neolithic records, scholars had compiled a list of behavioral progression that was found to be the backbone of modern men's civilization, on top of their archaic life-style (Notes: Key Elements of Human Civilization).

    The Genetic Issues
    For some geneticists ' view point, the wisdom gene is all it takes for modern men to accomplish human civilization of today. In a sense, they were right since according to the Sumerian tradition, modern men possessed the physical gene of god and without it they could not be homo-sapiens. Nevertheless, they were wrong by claiming through Darwin's natural selection process's theory that European homo-sapiens alone possessed the wisdom gene. As much as genetic mutation accommodates at best to surrounding environment, it could not include the production of the wisdom gene as proclaimed. In addition, religious wisdom credits modern men' s mental development to be very much connected to their education in the Garden of Eden. According to Christianity, it took a lot more of God's will and care to get men conforming themselves to God's rule. Even though men were created in god image, their spirituality failed to follow through all their responsibility and at the end, rebelled against God. Chased out from the garden, Adam and Eve gave birth to Cain and Abel who with their own short tempers engaged in deadly feud trying to please God. As theirs parent were, Cain and Abel should not be treated as persons, but rulers of two distinct peoples of different life-style. DNA analysis had identified Cain to be the line of the first male founder in Eastern Indonesia, Australia, and New Guinea that were obviously his birthplace. On the other hand, Abel line was seen resurrected later in an African of west Eurasian branch, the Bantu peoples. There were no evidences that both brothers had left any of theirs legacies at all in Middle East to be carried on for the next development. It was the third son of Adam, Seth who restarted humanity outside of the Garden of Eden to bring Middle East into the Neolithic stage. At its debut, farming communities had arisen in the Levant by 10,200-8800 BC to spread later to Asia Minor, North Africa and finally to Mesopotamia. Nevertheless, Seth's venturing in Middle East was like that of his two brothers Cain and Abel, very limited at first. Originated in Southeast Asia, Seth's trail into Middle Eastern development left instead an heavy trace in India where according to modern geneticists, two-thirds of the world of the major founder Eurasian lines is found, the Manju (M) and its sister clan Nasreen (N). The out-of-Africa of modern men migration proponents claimed that the two sister lines came from Africa to establish themselves in South Asia as part of the beachcomber migration (OOE: Out of Africa: The first Asian Adam and Eve's clans: p.83). As we had refuted the Out-of-Africa (including the beach combing) of modern men, our argument is that the two sister lines were actually inherited from the gnome of the local Asiatic Neanderthal stocks. The Manju was actually the line of the ParamKambuja of which Cain was originated from, while the Nasreen was instead the line of the western Kambujas who were conceived from European Kambuja mother lines. Geneticists detected that Cain's line the Manju, is moving on around the Indo-pacific coast to Japan and Korea, where they formed the early coastal Polynesian colonies there (OOE: Out of Africa: Adam's story, p.236). Wrongly associated as part of the beachcomber migration of modern men, the displacement was actually the outcome of Cain's displacement, after Abel's assassination. Cain 's legacy did not stop there and in a circle of fate, one of his descendants brought his Kambujan legacy back to the Levant, many centuries later (Notes: Cain's direct Offspring). The finding confirms that at least two races of modern men could be distinguished from the Neanderthal ancestry. On a similar study, we shall argue the same for the existence of the southern and its northern race counterpart for the Denisovan ancestry as well. Among the seven East Asian maternal lines of Eve, the oldest Southeast Asian lines, B and F reach the deepest diversity among Indochinese aboriginal groups, suggesting that they were southerners from the start. In contrast to the theory of austronesian migration from China through Taiwan, new findings refer to Southeast Asia as their origin. In particular, the pre-F group R9 is common in the Aboriginal Malay homeland and is also found in South China (Yunnan and Guangxi), Indochina, Sumatra, Andaman and Nicobar islands (OOE:The early Asian division: p. 232). It was actually part their own land-born migration of the Sundadonty stock to the northeastern part of China (Prehistory: The Flood Myth: The Mnong's Journey toward the Mountaintop) that gave the wrong impression of their northern origin. Inducted later under the Meru Culture, they were known as the Miens where two common subgroups of B was found in Mongolia B1 (dated to be around 40,500 year ago), and B2 (33,500 years ago) that are not to be confused with the northern race of people carrying on the Eve's motherly lines of C,X and Z. Unlike the southerners, they were in high probability conceived from the offspring of the Peking Man. The sister branches C and Z reach their highest rate in Siberia, Northeast Asia and are hardly found farther south except in India, Mongolia, Central Asia and Tibet (OOE: Out of Africa: Adam's story, p.23). The last of the northern lines X is found only among Europeans and native Americans.

    It is accustomed to religious belief that a catastrophic event is associated to a religious major event. The epic flood of the Genesis is by no mean one of them. The Genesis gives us a hint that God unleashed the flood upon human kind, because of their wickedness nature. Still God safeguards Noah's family from perishing and spread the survivors across the globe. With Noah's three sons: Ham, Sem and Jephet, a full-blown promotion of new humanity worldwide became since the trademark of the flood Culture. From that perspective, we shall argue that the Bible's book of Genesis constitutes the main theme of Christianity concerning a grand scale chastisement of human souls that started in Southeast Asia, before and after the flood.

    The Epic Flood of Southeast Asia
    There are still hot debates between scientific and Christian communities about the epic flood of the Genesis. Focusing specifically on its occurrence as well as the condition and the magnitude of the flood itself, Christian belief so far diverged itself from current scientific records. The major conflict is not on the question that the flood was really happening since scientific data acknowledge many occurrences of such high magnitude floods in the past, one of which is the flood that drove the dinosaur species to its extinction. As dinosaurs' fossils were found everywhere on the surface of the earth, the catastrophic event that caused it to happen was believed to be global. Some Christians went far to proclaim that the flood was the same one of the Genesis flood epic that wiped out humanity from the surface of the earth. The discrepancy in perception, as we shall argue, is relative to the bias view (by the orthodox Christian communities) that God created the physical world along with all animals and human in a short period of time (Notes: Of God's Creation). Needless to say, the Young Earth Theory contradicts the scientific finding that both the earth and the dinosaurs were old and that the dinosaur extinction actually occurred millions of years ago. We shall argue furthermore that the whole of the Genesis cosmogony is much more restricted than most Christians had in mind. For instance, the formation of heaven and earth in two days should not be confused with the formation of the physical earth or to the most extend the formation of the universe as the Christian communities had claimed. It was instead a reorganization of the physical earth to accommodate the birth of humanity as (planned by the godfather) to be separated from the ream of gods or heaven. In Sumerian terminology, the heaven on earth where the gods reside was at first referred as Apsu, but became known as Anu after it was subjugated by the Anunnakis. On the other hand, the word Kia is not a reference to the physical earth as a whole, but to the country of human kinds and was at first referred as Tiamat. Relative to the flood's magnitude, Kia was meant to be Southeast Asia where evidences show that humanity had started and mostly developed during its early phase. During the time, humanity was still young and small to be subjected for a total devastation by the great Southeast Asian flood. Once again the relativity of human perception had played a little trick on the literally interpretation of the following god's quotation.
    I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth, both men and beast, and the creeping thing; and the fowls of the air; for its repenteth me that I have made them. (HB: 6/7: p. 4)
    No word in the passage indicates that the flood was global, but the gravity of the intended disaster was obviously grand in regard to god's disappointment on the new created human specie. The Sumerian flood of Atrahasis has the same theme and attributes of the Bible's flood, but even though of high magnitude fell short of being physically global. The epic story has made its clear reference to the Apsu Seashore as the actual site of the flood of which we also identified to be local of Southeast Asia (Atrahasis: The Meru Connection: The Effect of Kalayuga). Another twist in the flood's devastation, Southeast Asian tradition indicates that not all humanity was drowned. Unlike the flood of the Bible, there were many Noahs and families who survived the flood. They were inducted to join in the Kamara development in the Garden of Eden under the guidance of yang Bot or King Samanta to start on a new human race. In the argument of relating the Noah's flood to be the same great flood of Southeast Asia, we could date the epic flood to be happening right at the end of last kalpa in around 10,000 BC. Furthermore, our skepticism that the flood could ever get its high magnitude by the torrential rain alone, could be answered by evidence of another catastrophic cause that added more impact to the flood 's overall event (Prehistory: Notes: The High Magnitude of the Flood). The collapse of the Southeast Asian tectonic plate also delayed the floodwater to subside, preventing the flood survivors from returning home promptly after the rain stopped. At the contrary, the search for the surrounding dried land occurred by some of the restless flood survivors who were anxious to start their new lives away from the flood's zone. As indicated by their tradition, the Mnongs' first exploration was through the rough mountain top of the north Kun-lun range of the mount Himalayas of which they settled and became known later as the Kun-lun people (Prehistory: The Flood Myth: The Mnong's Journey toward the Mountaintop). The real venturing out from Southeast Asia was however done through the southern sea by the people who already mastered the seafaring. With a life-style that depends on the product of the sea rather than from agriculture, their migration was through the maritime channel rather than beachcombing as generally envisioned (Prehistory: The Flood Culture: The Fish People and the Journey back to the Sea).

    The Start-up of the Neolithic Culture
    For the Kamara people who relied on agriculturist life-style, migrating to a far away land was not a viable solution. Their best option was to wait patiently alongside their gods for the flood to subside. After the Mnong's exploration, they established themselves high-up on the Tian Shan range of which they received their second identity as the Tians. Others settled on the Kun-lun mountain range of which they received their identity as the Kun-lun people. Under the guidance of King Samanta and his descendants, they built their communities on agriculturist life-style that became later the core culture of the mainland Indochina, known as the Man Culture.
  • The Man (Manu) Culture

  • The Man Culture was the first of its peers that started by king Samanta himself right after the great flood of Southeast Asia. As the designated ruler of this current kalpa, he would reign through his descendants as god kings worldwide over all human communities. Their activities would not be restricted to Southeast Asia only, but were spread out over the whole physical world wherever humanity was established after the flood. As a matter of fact, evidences show that Mesolithic development at Southeast Asia was slow, due perhaps to the lack of cultivable land and other restraints of the flood's zone. In contrast, archeology shows the Middle Eastern development much more promising as it was picking up in a very fast pace. Unlike in Southeast Asia, there were no evidences whatsoever of flood impact to the local environment. From around 10,000 BC, Mesopotamia became already the site of the earliest developments of the Neolithic Revolution. Two locations between the rivers Tigris and Euphrate, Kurdistan and Ur, represented the extension of the garden of Eden in its important role of the next humanity' s development in Middle east (The Book of Genesis: Of God and his Creation: Of Heaven and Earth). Based according to the findings of its specific progression as recorded in the archeology's finding. Scholars split the Neolithic development into three progressive phases. To start, the Neolithic farming was limited to a narrow range of plants, both wild and domesticated, which included einkorn wheat, millet and spelt, and the keeping of dogs, sheep and goats. In the proto-Neolithic Natufian cultures, wild cereals were harvested, and perhaps early seed selection and re-seeding occurred. Scholars agreed that the agriculturist advances had to continue into the Neolithic 1 of which farming became now fully developed. The grain was ground into flour as Emmer wheat became widely available for human consumption while animals were herded and domesticated (animal husbandry and selective breeding). Scientific communities might argue that modern men mastered this progression on their own with the help from nature in providing wild crop for domestication. However, the discovery of remains of figs in a house in Jericho that dated to 9400 BC would require a different thought experiment on how the fig tree was available to modern men at the first place. The figs are of a mutant variety that cannot be pollinated by insects, and therefore the trees can only reproduce from cuttings. This evidence suggests that figs were the first cultivated crops and marks the invention of the technology of farming to occur centuries before the first cultivation of grains have ever taken places in Middle East. Early sites dating to around 9500-9000 BC have been found in Jericho, West Bank (notably Ain Mallaha, Nahal Oren, and Kfar HaHoresh), Gilgal in the Jordan Valley, and Byblos, Lebanon. Scientific communities might associate the development to local ingenuity, but for the natives of both Southeast Asia and Middle East, the credit went directly to divine assistance. From their own recollection, Southeast Asian and Middle Eastern communities are the forefront among other part of the world to recognize divine interference on the foundation of the earth civilization. A temple area in southeastern Turkey at Göbekli Tepe, dated to around 9500 BC, may be regarded as the beginning of the period. From the lack of permanent housing in the vicinity, the site was obviously not built for human kind' s standard living, but as a place of worship instead.
  • The Meru Culture

  • Started at the Levant (Jericho, Palestine), the Neolithic 2 might begun since 8800 BC, but its full development was not noticed only later during the Tretayuga that last between 7,500 BC to 2,500 BC. The Sumerian tradition credits a descendant of king Samanta named Meru and his son Mahameru to start on the next development of the Moon Culture at Middle Eastern farther west. Among its key development, the domestication of sheep and goats was brought from the Middle East as early as 6000 BC, the plant and animal domestication was not until the early fifth millennium BC in northern Egypt and a thousand years later at further south. It is important to note that animal husbandry might start earlier by the second son of Adam, Abel. His intense rivalry with his elder brother Cain and his murder by the latter might have been the reason why the industry had to wait until the arrival of the Meru Culture to be fully developed. By about 6900-6400 BC, it included domesticated cattle and pigs, the establishment of permanently or seasonally inhabited settlements, and the use of pottery. In other parts of the world, such as Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia, independent domestication events led to their own regionally distinctive Neolithic cultures, which arose completely independently of those in Europe and Southwest Asia. It proves that very much like its predecessor the Man Culture, the Meru Culture was decentralized and spread itself around the world to suit humanity. In both cases, scholars agree that as much as local developments was due to indigenous ingenuity, the primary stimulus for agriculture, domesticated animals and Neolithic cultural features was common to all regions. An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, ax heads, chisels, and polishing tools. Neolithic stone artifacts are by definition polished and, except for specialty items not chipped. Settlements became more permanent, with circular houses, much like those of the Natufians, with single rooms. However, these houses were for the first time made of mud-brick. The settlement had a surrounding stone wall and perhaps a stone tower (as in Jericho). The wall served as protection from nearby groups, as protection from floods, or to keep animals penned. Some of the enclosures also suggest grain and meat storage.

    The Late Neolithic Culture (7500-5000 BC)
    According to the Bible book of Genesis, the spread of Noah's three sons Ham, Sem and Jephet after the flood constituted the main event of humanity's next development. Western tradition mentions that Ham's settlement was at Africa while Sem's settlement was at Middle East and Jephet's development was to take place in Central Asia. Historically, they should not be treated as persons, but as groups of people who after surviving the flood established themselves around the globe under the guidance first of the Manu and later of the Meru court. Their development also were not simultaneously taking place, but of different time frame with a long elapse time of their own. Being an older brother, Ham appears to be more connected with the Man Culture than his two brothers were to the Meru Culture. Unlike his two brothers, his debut in humanity is not promising. Cursed by Noah, his son Caanan was to become slave of both Shem and Jephet. As witnessed by the Wall City of Jericho, the Caanan community might have been the oldest of all Middle Eastern settlements of the human race. More study might reveal that it was in fact dated from Adam's first son Cain made their first settlement at the fertile land of the Levant. Left out completely of the mainstream of the Meru Culture, their land was consecutively wrested by other family members and at the end to Israel. Unlike the Manu Culture that was transplanted directly to the west, the Sumerian tradition confirms that the Meru Culture had its debut started at the east. Ta-Tsin that was meant to be the middle kingdom of the Meru cakravatin empire was first founded in Manipura before it made its transition around the world (Prehistory: The Flood Culture: The Xiang People and their Journey up to the Tian-Shan Range). In the extension of the Jin Country, Meru spread the Naga Culture worldwide to be implanted in many parts of the globe (The Man Race: Nokor Phnom and the Himalayan Culture: The Jin of Nagaland). Like the Grand Brahman country, the Great Jin (Ta-Tsin) was actually the extension of the Meru Culture worldwide outside of the Jin country proper from its center at the Kun-lun range of mount Himalayas. Among its early sites, the Pengtoushan culture was found to be around 7500-6100 BC, and the Peiligang culture to be around 7000-5000 BC. Between the two cultures, the prehistoric Beifudi culture near Yixian in Hebei Province contains relics of a culture contemporaneous with the Cishan and Xinglongwa cultures of about 6000-5000 BC. Common geographical mapping allows us to identify that the Great Jin Country (Ta-Tsin) should be located at Mongolia of today. As to its population, evidences show that they were the same southern race Mien people of Sudadonty stock who under the Meru development were mobilized to join the local indigenous people of the region. Among them were actually remnants of Cain descendants who, disguising themselves as the beachcombrer Polynesians, were the first to reach America either through land or sea channel. It was Meru who made the attempts to regroup them back into the mainstream of humanity as part of the Ta-Tsin development. The next iconic event of the Meru Culture was, according to Chinese source, his marriage with the queen of the west (Ista in Sumerian) that allowed him to extend the Ta-Tsin country worldwide. With the assistance of his consort, Meru transformed Middle East into becoming a worldly cakravatin empire under the full-blown Moon culture. For the implementation of the western civilization, the Moon Culture was actually the progression of the eastern Naga Culture. Also worth mentioning is the assistance of the Nanda (the gods Lgigi in Sumerian) who were serving in the court of Meru as ministers. Following the Neolithic 3 that began around 6,400 BC in the Fertile Crescent of Middle East, pottery became a regular find of distinctive cultures like the Halafian (Turkey, Syria, Northern and Southern Mesopotamia). Adding to the credit of the Meru Culture, Central Asia became the cultural link as well as a commercial inter-highway between the Chinese continent and Middle East. To complete the development, other Neolithic sites that were connected to the same culture are Bhirrana in Haryana that is dated to 7570-6200 BC, and Mehrgarh that is dated to between 6500 and 5500 BC. In the Kachi plain of Baluchistan, Pakistan, evidence of farming (wheat and barley) and herding (cattle, sheep and goats) was found at the site. In South India, the Neolithic began by 6500 BC and lasted until around 1400 BC when the Megalithic transition period began. South Indian Neolithic is characterized by Ash mounds from 2500 BC in Karnataka region, expanded later to Tamil Nadu. In the Far East, early Japanese societies and other East Asian cultures used pottery before developing agriculture. Evidences also show that, the maritime connection between America and the Levant also brought the Atlantis civilization of America first time in contact with the Egyptian court of Seth.

    1. HB: Holy Bible: The First Book of Moses called Genesis, King James Version
    2. GNB: Good News Bible, Today's English Version
    3. "./HB.html" target="Main_View"> Holy Bible: The First Book of Moses, called Genesis, King James Version
    4. MGRV: Minority groups in the Republic of Vietnam, Department of the army pamphlet
    5. DVVS: The Dvipavamsa: An Ancient Buddhist Historical Record, translated by Hermann Oldenberg
    6. CMC: The Xiang Mai Chronicle, by David K. Wyatt and Aroonrut Wichienkeeo
    7. Eden: Eden in the East, Stephen Oppenheimer
    8. OOE: Out of Eden, Stephen Oppenheimer
    1. Chronology
      135,000 BB (135,540 BC): The new earth reorganization; 73,000 BC: The Toba explosion; 47,500 BC: The start of Bhadrakalpa; 10,000 BB (10,540 BC): The Great Flood of Southeast Asia, the start of our current kalpa; 10,000 BC- 5,000 BC (10,540 BC- 5,540 BC): The Satyayuga; 10,000 BC-2000 BC: Hoabinhian Culture; 10,000 BC: Neolithic 1 Culture started; 8,800 BC: Neolithic 2 Culture; 7,500 BB-2,500 BB (8,043 BC- 3,043 BC): The Tretayuga; 5,000BB- 0 AB (5,540 BC- 540 BC): The Dvaparayuga; 6,400 BC: Neolithic 3 Culture; 3,300 BC-1,200 BC: The bronze age; 2,500 BB-2,500 AB (3,040 BC- 1,960 AD): The Kalayuga; 1200 BC-550 BC: The iron age
    2. Of God's Creation
      Like the notion of God, the creation of the earth in the book of Genesis is highly abstract and could be highly controversial as far as literally interpretation is concerned. The earth was itself not referring to the physical earth, but to the country of human kind. At the start of its conception, humanity was small and Southeast Asia was according to the Sumerian tradition referred as kia (earth) in separation from the heaven (Apsu and later Anu in Sumerian).
    3. Previous Known Buddhist Kalpas
      Manda Kalpa: In this kalpa, only 2 Buddhas will come to this world. Wara Kalpa: In this kalpa, only 3 Buddhas will come to this world. Saramanda Kalpa: In this kalpa, only 4 Buddhas will come to this world.
    4. The Bhadrakalpas
      The present Kalpas is called BhadraKalpas where four Buddhas had appeared in succession: Kakusandha, Konâgamana, Kassapa and Gotama. The last one to appear is Mettreyya. These Supreme Buddhas are self-enlightened and are expected to guide humanity toward its own salvation through their teaching. In every one of the Bhadrakalpas, they will appear only in Jambudipa in Mezzima desa or Benares. At the same location in Mettreyya Buddha's era it will be named "Ketumati".
    5. God's Physical Body
      Recent discoveries of fossils originating from what is now Israel indicate that our species (Homo-Sapiens) lived outside of Africa 185,000 years ago; some 85,000 years earlier than previous evidence suggests. According to the Sumerian tradition, they were the remains of the gods Lgigi who once had their mission at Middle East, administering all lives. Since they had different life-style and food source than modern human, they did not leave much behind for archeology to unearth beside their skeleton remains.
    6. The Out-of-Africa Human Migration
      The theory states that anatomically modern humans (i.e. Homo-Sapiens) began migrating out of Africa during the Middle Paleolithic around 100,000 or 70,000 years ago and began to replace earlier pre-existent Homo species breed of modern men such as the Neanderthals and Homo-erectus of the world.
    7. Cross-referencing in Historical Science
      Cross-referencing between two sources allows their historical data to be mutually checked for discrepancies. Contradiction (between the two sources) would tell us that at least the data of one source is wrong. No contradiction implies that the probability that either both sources are wrong or true if 50%. It should not be confused with a circular reasoning of which two different propositions that are mutually implying each other could not be automatically stated as true. For an equivalent proposition, both sides of the statements are not necessary true, unless one of them is proved to be true. Likewise, the cross referencing would implies that non-contradiction between two sources would implies that both sources are right, if one source is valid. At the same time, discrepancies could be detected and fixed through mutually self-checking. Also referred as circular referencing, cross-referencing is intended to verify the truthfulness of the source and to some extend, to secure the validation of a theory. For practical application, the more accredited sources to be cross-referenced, the more confidence of the validity of the historical data could be established.
    8. The Chronology of our current Kalpa
      It is important to note that the start of a Buddhist kalpa and its duration varies depending upon the condition and the achievement of each Buddha. For most of the cases, 12,500 years is the average of a Buddhist Kalpa. The abbreviation "BB" stands for "before Buddha Gautama's entering into Nirvana" in 540 BC, which according to Buddhist tradition, Buddhist Sakaraja started. On the other hand, "AB" stands for "after Buddha Gautama's entering into Nirvana" With that time frame and convention, we could break down our kalpa into the following chronological periods. The new earth reorganization at (12,500 * 7) + 47,500 BB = 135,000 BB (135,540 BC) The Bhadrakalpa started at (12,500 * 4)-2500 BB= 50,000 - 2,500 BB= 47,500 BB (47,540 BC) Our current kalpa started after the Southeast Asian flood around 10,000 BB (10,540 BC). The Satyayuga was between 10,000 BB and 5,000 BB (10,540 BC- 5,540 BC). The Tretayuga was between 7,500 BB to 2,500 BB (8,043 BC- 3,043 BC). The Dvaparayuga would be between 5,000 BB and 0 AB (5,540 BC-540 BC). The Kalayuga would be between 2,500 BB to 2,500 AB (3,043 BC- 1,957 AD).
    9. The Kali Goddess
      Despite all the bad images associated to her, the Sumerian tradition regarded her as a real goddess of her own right. According to the Kau-Nag-kamanu Buddhism, there were two Kali Goddesses who got enlightened and also attained Nirvana through their own merits. The first one was the Goddess Parvati who was the consort of Siva (Ista who was the consort of the Moon God Tsin in Sumerian). The second one was known as Pah Neang Khmau (Black Lady or Muk Juk) who became the Goddess of Po-Nokor in Cham Cosmogony. There is expected to have the third and the last one who will get her enlightenment before the end of this kalpa.
    10. The Hofmeyr Skull
      The Hofmeyr Skull is a specimen of a 36,000-year-old human skull that was found in 1952 near Hofmeyr, South Africa. The Skull has a very close affinity with other Upper Paleolithic skulls from Europe that is contradicting with the Out-of-Africa theory of modern men, which hypothesizes that Upper Paleolithic human groups should morphologically resemble each other. Osteological analysis of the cranium by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology indicates that the specimen is morphologically distinct from recent groups in Subequatorial Africa, including the local Khoisan populations.
    11. The Orang-Asli People
      The Orang-Asli People were among a few aboriginal people of Southeast Asia that appeared to stay unaffected genetically by recent migration movement of Southeast Asia. They have only 22 percent of East Asian genetic lines in their make up that is consistent with the current view that they that they are a very isolated relic people (OOE:The early Asian division: p. 264).
    12. The Austronesian Language
      We know that in many respect, the austronesians owed their legacies to their early austroasiatic peers of Southeast Asia (Champapura: The Cosmogony of Po-Nokor: The Cham Banis and the Southern Spread of Austronesian Language). Their austronesian language might have been conceived through their close association with the austroasiatic tongue.
    13. Key Elements of Human Civilization
      In addition to self-discipline, adaptation, social norms, language, and cooperation beyond close kin are also needed for the sustainment of humanity. Behavior such as abstract thinking, planning depth, symbolic behavior, music and dance are among the few of personal improvement for the requirement of living among peers in a society.
    14. Cain's direct Offspring
      In collaboration to Cain's legacy, geneticists also found out that he had a progenator Asian son whose descendants were widespread in northeast Asia, in Central Asia and to the west alongside the Silk Road into Mongolia while another group proceeded deep into Americas (OOE: Out of Africa: Adam's story, p.236). It was this last group who went further to found the Atlantis (or Crete) that was going to become, under the tutelage of Seth, the progenator of the Greek Hellenic Empire. It is important to note that according to Greek mythology, Crete was the birthplace of Zeus. Through it, the Caanite societies flourished to become the big player in the new foundation of the Greek Empire and the subsequent establishment of Anyang by the Shang Dynasty of China (The Sakadvipa: The Birth of the Sakan Nation: The Sakan Mythology).
    15. The Perak Man
      Zuraina's trump card in this respect is the much-publicized finding by her team of Perak Man in the Gunung Runtuh cave in the Leggon valley in 1990. Surrounded by the same class of pebbled tools, this complete skeleton of a modern human was described by experts as having Australo-Melanesian characteristics. He was about 10,000 years old (OOE: Out of Africa: Oldest relics of the beachcombing trail?, p.167)
    16. The Java Man vs the Peking Man
      The first group became the ancestors of the Java Man, the second group became actually the ancestor of the Peking Man. Due to their approximated living time frame, we believe that both the Java and Peking men were Denisovan. Scholars confirm that they did not have their genetic too much drifted apart, with the Java man (between 700,000 and 100,000 years ago) being older than the Peking Man. Still in their own environment, we believe that the Java Man became developed more as a southerner while the Peking Man had evolved as a northerner. It is possible that the southern Denisovans were the one who moved into the northeastern part of China and became the ancestors of the Peking Man.
    17. The young Earth Theory
      In reference to the birth of Adam and Eve as the first man and woman of the earth, the history of theirs offspring constitutes the main theme of the Genesis. As they found out through the Bible's chronology that Adam and Eve were not that ancient, some Christian scholars postulated that the earth was not that old either. As much as we agree with them that humanity is young, we agree with scientific communities that the earth is old as it had been used for religious purposes many times in the past, prior to the current humanity's development .
    18. Modern Southeast Asia History Books
      Started with the Indianization and ended with the Cinicization, modern history books have portrayed Southeast Asia to always be subjected to colonization. The bias view correlated Southeast Asia into becoming one of the hot seat of worldly colonization to be exploited by both the colonists and theirs supporters. Forced to retract back into their countries, the colonial powers had instilled in Southeast Asia, colonial legacies that are ready to support them for the next round of Southeast Asia's Westernization. Now that the colonial rule is over, it was the new migrant power-elite of western educated background who would bring Southeast Asia into modern time western dependency.
    19. Buddhist Cosmogony
      According to Buddhist cosmogony, Jumbudvipa had been serve as the enlightenment ground of four Buddhahoods already. It meant that the development of humanity have started from the very first kalpa, but the lack of historical data would limit our study only on the last Kappa that was ruled by Buddha Gautama.
    20. Proof of Darwinist Natural Selection Process
      Started with Dawin 's special theory of microevolution, they extended the concept of natural selection to a more complex domain of macroevolution of all species. Hoping that along the way they would unearth more fossils to support their theories, they presented the general theory of natural selection as of scientific fact. At the same time, other scientists also introduced their own theories of the origin of life along with the same unproved scientific branch. Despite the fact that archeology failed to unearth more fossil records to support their claim, they still sustain theirs theories with the hope of future discoveries.
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    22. f God's Creation
      As much as the conception of God in the Genesis is highly abstract, Christians had all the reason to believe that any thing that exist is actually the work of God. Nevertheless,