Historical Science


Project: Historical Science
Author: Lem Chuck Moth

Started date: January/01/2019
Last updated: March/31/2019
All right reserved.
Note:
Since this paper is still drafted, the readers would be advised to ignore any context errors. The content is not final and subjected to be reviewed. Please kindly notify me of the discrepancies.


INTRODUCTION
In its practical sense, science is credited to have the ability to predict the outcome of its experimentation since once a theory was formed, experiments of the same law should yield the same result. This repeatability is actually due to the deterministic nature of the causality law that applies to all effect in its relation to a set of causes. In contrast, history is hardly considered as a field of science. As a knowledge of the past, the only rules so far observed were to make sure that consistent copy of past events are the same as they occurred through time. Rather applied to historians in making theirs work consistent to the true events (as much as possible), they did not apply to the historical events themselves. In practice however, history could not be compiled entirely from past records, but from studies of related known field of science such as Archeology, ethnography and anthropology of more or less empirical background. The finding of the studies were used to verify the accuracy of the historical records and to some extends to construct the missing historical accounts and became known to contribute to the development of historical science itself. In a close relationship with other fields of science, we shall introduce a new scientific paradigm pertaining on time-related events as the historical science. We shall argue that many fields of science such as cosmology, sociology, and to the most extend ontology, besides leaving their trace in history also follow the same construction base of a historical science. For the same specific reason that their historical events are close relative to time and space, they could not be repeated in a laboratory environment and history can not be classified as an empirical science. The same way that Einstein had predicted (through thought experiment) cosmological events and had them verified through empirical means, historical events could repeat themselves as well following the deterministic rule of the causality law. In a condition that all the causes are present in the same specific circumstance of space and time, history could repeat itself in real time.

The Lessons from History
Operating under the canopy of an expansionist political drive, the enlightenment movement brought Europe into a new era of discovery. The progression could be related to the new surge of rationality that was brought by the spread of Buddhism during the Kushan era. In conjunction with the Gangetic India, the Kushan made a serious attempt to promote Buddhism to the west. Through ancient family' s connection, Greece was the first target of theirs campaign. Unfortunately, Zoroastrianism already took hold of Europe and was too strong to prevent Buddhism from penetrating into the core of the European power elite. Facing with strong resistance, the Buddhist movement had missed its original target. Instead of promoting a complete program of spiritual gain, European Enlightenment paradigm had shifted its focus of basing Buddhist rationalism to the progression of science and technology. With the breakthrough, the power elite concentrated on their own material gain to promote wealth instead. Through greed, they drove Europe deeper and deeper into the spell of the materialistic irrationality. Starting from the renaissance, world power elite made their own pacts to ward off religious constraints that might slow down their global ambitious drive. As we had argued, their indifference to religious morality had led to the outbreak of modern crises that constitute the main cause of the prophesied Apocalypse to come (The Westernisation: Introduction: The Apocalypse in the Making). Two world wars already brought down humanity to its knee, but world power elite still has no clue that history could repeat itself again. After the gun's smoke of the two wars dissipated, humanity sprung back to its own self. As politicians got their ways to sideline religious morale code, the prospect of peace is just an illusion. If a drastic change could not eliminate or at least reduce its root causes from reaching the critical point, the third world war could happen at any moment in time as predicted by the deterministic law of the cause and effect.

RELIGION AND SCIENCE
After the exit of the Meru Culture from Middle East, the western Moon Culture went into decline. Deprived of the knowledge of life, the Abrahamic schools succumbed under the sway of Zoroatrianism that was based entirely on the knowledge of God and Evil. History confirms that without strong morality to guide through, witchcraft along with esoteric application of the knowledge are harmful to humanity. Through the late enlightenment movement, the west freed itself from the past but faced with other kind of crises due to the misapplication of science and technology. Now that the knowledge of God and Evil is under control, a reintroduction to the knowledge of life might be the solution to correct humanity's current crises.

The Reality of the Spiritual World
With the ill separation between the physical and spiritual world, scientific arguments won support easily over those of religious dogmas (Notes: Religious Dogmas). Driven by the apparent success, new generation of scientists embarked on tapping into religious domain that was traditionally belonging to the field of religion. In the attempt to transform them as new fields of science, empirical method was enforced to fit them into the mold of empirical reality (Notes: The Empirical Reality). When it did not work according to their expectation, they discredit religious knowledge as fallacies. While Christianity was forced to quiet down and conform itself to the separation of religion from the state, the Darwinist theory of natural selection process was being taught in the general public institution as part of scientific curriculum. At the same time, the ontology of the origin of life that was theorized soon after had received also its instant support, because of its contradiction with the divine creation theology of the theist religious school. The successful introduction of the two largely unproved scientific theories had led to more abuses by the scientific communities against religion as far as bias continued to grow among members of the atheist communities. In the next history of science, an iconic event occurred during the formation of the Quantum Theory that split the scientific communities into two different camps. It was about a hot debate between Einstein and his fellow scientist Niels Borh concerning the reality of the physical world. Einstein who developed the theory of relativity to secure better physical reality in a large domain of space and time maintained his view that observation alone could be deceptive. On the other hand, Borh who was one of the originators of the quantum theory, took on the different stand that all reality is conceptually relative to the observation (Notes: Reality and Observation). Einstein was objecting strongly to the view, even so after Bohr claimed to derive it from the general relativity. At the end, they came to the agreement that physical reality should be based on the observability and to promote it into empirical reality, measurability has to be met. The shared conception became since the foundation of the Quantum physic that would, in the eye of scientific communities, become the base of modern science. By that definition, it is clear that the physical world does not include particle since its dual nature of matter and wave (as perceived by contemporary scientific communities) prevent it to be observable. For Einstein, the finding would prove that Bohr' s Quantum theory is not complete and like his own theory of relativity, fails its mission to prove the completeness of the Physical World. The failure is consistent with the religious claim that the physical world was created and is not complete as the contemporary Big bang theory had claimed. Following the religious tradition, spiritual world had been introduced to complement the physical reality in the attempt to complete our understanding of the universe. It was actually the world of entities and phenomena that could not be observable through empirical mean. Humankind was warned of induced illusion through relative truth when it comes to our natural science and the perception that was induced from it. We shall not attempt to look into the nature of the spiritual world itself, but rather to concentrate on its properties as detected along side of its known effects to our physical world. For that restricted scope, meditation discipline had been taught to religious institutions as a logistical method to deal with spiritual causes of progenitoring physical entities. While the empirical observation could only provide very limited access for experiencing the whole of spirituality, our sensory mind could tap into the spiritual reality through meditation technique (Notes: Two Purposes of the Meditation). Like its contemporary empirical method, thought experiment could be repeated with consistent result of which a yugi could use to enhance and validate his own perception. On the other hand, the transcendental meditation induces in-dept access into the core of the spiritual world and allows the yugi to contemplate spiritual causes in their interference to the physical world. In some circumstances, the results would allow him to create a model that is close enough to the actual problem to solve. In other circumstances, it allows him to make an analogy with an already known case study so he could base upon it to illustrate on the spiritual problem. In either case, the transcendental meditation requires a lot more patience and chastity for a well-trained yugi to succeed. Eastern Hermit gained religious knowledge in the deep field mostly through this process. Unfortunately, the techniques are not been taught to the western mainstream of the Meru Culture. To punish humanity for consuming the knowledge of God and Evil, Meru made the knowledge of life inaccessible to the western world. To complete his next mission of spiritual salvation, he had to come back home to the east where the knowledge of life is still available to the eastern world. At the mean time, the Abrahamic schools could stay current with the Meru development, through divine revelation directly to prophets (Notes: The Abrahamic Culture).

The Incompleteness of the Physical World
Like Bohr, Einstein at first believed in the completeness of the physical world. Finding out that his general theory of relativity failed his expectation, he then consecrated the rest of his life working on the unified theory of electromagnetism, hoping that it could become the ultimate "theory of everything" that the scientific communities had longed for. After a period of fruitless work, he came to the sad realization that the theory also not conceivable and was ready to accept his defeat. The acknowledgment of his failure generated mix reaction from Bohr and his colleagues who continued on believing in the completeness of the Quantum theory. While some saw in Einstein's revelation as an honest warning and started to accept the hard reality that the physical world is not by itself complete, the rest of scientific communities were still not ready to accept the duality of the spiritual and the physical world yet. As one of the founders of the Quantum theory, Borh received all the credit for his contribution to the scientific progression. Having so far revolutionize chemistry to break free from the ancient paradigm of alchemy, his atomic model brought chemistry close to the breaking of physical reality down into its basic component (Notes: The Conception of Atom). The empirical verification of the atomic reality came later along with its various proposed models of its presentation. Nevertheless, Borh still failed in his attempt to prove the completeness of the Quantum theory. Cross-referencing to Buddhism would show that his conception of Atom constituted in fact the basic element of the physical world (Notes: The Buddhist Conception of Paramanu). Nevertheless, he had to leave light and particle out of the classical physical domain. Through a series of laboratory experiment, scholars came to the realization that as much as their properties could be empirically studied and observed, their nature as an physical element could not be measurable and even hard to be observed. From that finding, Einstein knew that the quantum physic is not complete. Lost in his own misconception of the spiritual world, Borh fought off Eintein's view and he was not alone in the fight. Under the Copenhagen doctrine, a new generation of scientists continued on looking for possible cause of light and particle without knowing that they already stepped out of the domain of the physical science. At least two theories are still being worked on that continued to generate hope of proving that Bohr is right. First the quark theory is being seen to show a lot of promise as we shall see that the break down of a particle into quark could have been the answer of the current problem concerning the finding of the physical world' s basic element. Nevertheless, disparity of interpretations from laboratory experiments on quantum mechanic gave hints that light-wave is not a physical cause, but is a physical effect of spiritual cause (or causes) on quark. On the other hand, the foundation of the String theory did neither satisfy Borh 's original claim of the completeness of the quantum world. As it is not a cause of the light-wave, but rather its property, string is not a basic element of light. As we shall argue, the string theory is a typical example of a metaphysical study of the light-wave property that results in the formation of the physical world or worlds that best illustrate our contemporary universe as a whole. The conception of a multiverses with a close entangling interference on each other furthermore challenges the conception of a complete an close universe. In that note, our physical universe (as currently presented by scientific communities) should not be referred as a universe, but a physical world instead. A proper scientific notion of a universe should include both the physical world and all its complementary spiritual worlds and more. Formulated under the Copenhagen doctrine, the string theory had instead confirmed the existence of the multiworlds as prescribed in the Meru's knowledge of Life of which at least seven spiritual planes contributed to the formation and the sustaining of seven physical subworlds of our physical world. Continuing on the same thought, we also need to review the conception of science and its relationship to religion as had been done in the Sumerian cosmology. Cross-referencing between the two disciplines would give us a complete view on how the seven energies play the important role of sourcing humanity' s vitality to the physical world. It give us more information on how life originated on earth that started with the spiritual interference from each plane as the source of life into each physical sub-world. We present here two thought experiments that would bring both the Quantum theory and the general theory of relativity from their hype of over-expectation back to the reality of our universe. The results would be used later to justify the need in bringing up the Buddhist metaphysics to become a field of science.

On the Nature of Light and Particle
The nature of light had been so far studied in the quantum physic as part of science. Even though its cause can not be detected trough a series of experimentation, its properties were very much observed through out the optical experimentation. So far, these scientific experiments could not separate the nature of particle and life distinctively. The result of the double-slit experimentation, in particular, appears to show that electrons sent through the double split behaved very much like lightwave. The observed uncertainty had led to the acceptance of the dual nature of light and particle as the basic element of the physical world. The duality conception appears to cause no serious problems to the basic principles of the quantum theory and consequently got the scientific communities' approval virtually with no objection. Nevertheless, the conception of dual effects violates the deterministic rule of the causality law. Even though it did not apparently bother other scientific discoveries of particle of the time, it should be accepted at the first place as a physical effect. For the uncertain nature of matter moreover, the break down of a particle into quark could have been the answer of the problem. With the conception of a quark, a light could be modeled as the effect of a quark of constant mass m, traveling in a constant speed c while oscillating in a sinewave of fix wavelength lambda. The kinetic energy mc2 is needed to keep the quark oscillating as light, otherwise it will oscillate (or spin) as a particle in a circular wave of diameter equal to the half of lambda. Since the kinetic energy to convert from particle to light mc2 is very small (in relation to the mass m of the particle), light and particle could interchange state back-and-forth on the fly with a little variation of it kinetic energy. It explains why through normal laboratory environment, light or particle could be observe distinctively only with a different environment set-up for measurement. In the double-slit experiment, such distinction could not be made without an electron-converter. Starting from the electron gun itself, the amount of electrical power that is used to propel electron out of its metal's base atom could be exceeding the kinetic energy mc2. The excess of power would convert the electron to light right from the output of the electron gun. An electron converter is needed to make sure that no light, but only electrons would go through the double slit to produce no light interference effects on the screen. In an environment that small amount of energy could not be effectively controlled, light and particle appears to be present at the same time. In an ideal environment however, we believe that they are actually of two distinctive natures (Notes: Distinction between Light and Particle). This separation of the particle from its light-wave could solve many dilemmas of empirical experiments on the nature of the quantum physic. In addition, we shall propose to modify Bohr atomic model into a new model of which spinning quarks (particles) could be considered as the basic elements of atom (Notes: A Modified Bohr's Model of Atom). From the model, we could argue that particle and not atom is actually the basic element (Parammanu in Buddhism) of the physical world.
  • On the Space-time Relativity
    /li> Prior to Einstein bringing up cosmology as a field of science, scientific communities already realized the importance of time in the dynamic of the physical world. In astronomy, Isaac Newton used the analytical geometry to develop the law of universal gravitation out of the observed motions of the planets by previous astronomers. In his analytical model of computation, time duration is one of the basic arguments of the law of gravitation. His mathematical model became since the basic building mechanism of the physical world that led to the break through of Astronomy as a branch of science. Even though time axis is not set as a fourth dimension, time duration is being used extensively to study astronomy. Time duration between the time of depart and the time arrival is both physical (observable) and empirical (measurable) that can be used in the computation of a dynamic event of the present time. Nevertheless, it does not provide all the answer for the cosmology, especially on the gravitational field on a mass of a physical body. To form his general theory of relativity, Einstein included the time-axis as a forth dimension to the Cartesian three dimensional of space, and through the concept of the curved space-time fabric of the gravitation field on its surrounding mass. Of its many presentation, Scientists detected a specific case that according to Einstein's general relativity theory creates the distortion to the space-time fabric at the extreme. Representing a high density of mass in a small space, a Black Hole is an entity that leaves no light to escape from its gravitational field. Astronomer had verified objects in the sky that fit the definition of the black hole, which gravity absorbed everything around it including light. Since no visible life could escape from it, its form could not be seen or detected through empirical method. Through mathematical rationality, scientists tried to prove its existence as a physical entity only to find out that it exists in singular form. To satisfy its singularity, the black hole must to be the same as a black body and in consequence part of the black or dark world (Notes: The Black World). With no separation of the physical from its spiritual world, the physical science as we know it came to an end. As well as the quantum reality breaks down beneath the nature of light; the nature of the black hole also breaks free from Einstein general relativity. The discovery brought up the incompleteness of the physical world into the open. As much as we know from laboratory experimentation that visible particles constitutes the basic elements of the physical worlds, the existence of complex atoms and other massive entities that required other non-visible particles as its core prove the interference of the dark world into our physical world. To accommodate both physical (visible) and spiritual (dark) worlds, Buddhism classified knowledge in three categories of which metaphysics constituted the class of knowledge concerning the inter-relationship between the two worlds in natural environment (Notes: The Buddhist Classification of Knowledge).

    THE LOGISTICAL SCIENCE
    Even though Einstein had brought cosmology out of metaphysics to be part of science, scientific communities are still ignoring other religious knowledge with no apparent reason other than they are part of religious dogmas. Started as a subsidiary of religion, Metaphysics are being treated as part of philosophy that in a practical sense of it, were restricted to religious application. Currently left out from the mainstream of scientific application, they risk to be lost along side with negligence. We shall argue that like cosmology, some specific metaphysical fields could be treated as part of science, which with proper references could provide the answers on how physical entities with life sustaining were formed and controlled by the spiritual worlds.

    The Abstract Representation of Spirits
    In a Hindu Asram, a visitor might see representation of all kind of spirit's that control the Hindu cosmogony. Some have strange shape and form of a human body with many heads and arms holding each a symbol representing his abstract attribute. Representation in human form could be found also in Taoist temples where deities are represented by their human forms with their own Chinese (instead o9f Indian) look. Like Hindu godheads, they have different origin and identities as revealed by their color coding of origin, notably red from the lowest heavenly plane, Green from the higher heavenly plane of Indra, yellow from Dusita of the middle plane, and blue from the Brahma plane. As we shall see, these images or symbols were used in religion to represent deities with names and complete identification along with their source of origin and attributes. Contrary to common perception, these images were not representing the original divine reality, but were actually the abstract representation of godheads that once manifest themselves either in nature or in humanity. Tracing back their root, they were mostly came from Brahmanism and to the least extend Sivaism along its purpose to raise the awareness of god's manifestation for the benefits of humanity along with their supernatural properties that were supposedly mandate by god's own nature. Due to the fact that spirits are not observable of their own self, but through their effects in the physical world, the abstract representation of spirits allows worshippers to recognize the sign of their manifestation. In Greek pantheon, god's representation took on the shape of a human being and often than not revered for their specific attribute or task on nature. Through the Greek influence, abstract representation also has been made for other religious institutions as well. In Christian church, the image of Jesus Christ on the cross and in Buddhist temples of both Theravata and mahayana canons, the image of the current Buddha Gautama in different poses could also be found in display everywhere. It is important to stay clear that these images and symbols are not the same banned idols as most Christian believe in the Bible book of Genesis. However they could mislead true worshippers into believing that they possesses real spirits within them. As anything else in this physical world, religion also has its own dark side when it comes to their own bad practices. Otherwise harmless, images or symbols are being used as idols to attract general audience into joining the religious institution for the practical worshipping. To make it more appealing, priests would convince their audience of the presence of spirits residing within the images either it is true or not. Still this form of worshipping is the least dangerous among other spiritual bad practices that should be banned. On the other hand, idolings that involve with more advanced spiritual knowledge *(of God and Evil), could be much more dangerous and harmful to humanity. Found especially in Egyptian pantheons, the preservation of mummies to hold on their living spirits alongside their bodies that were stored in a safe environment can be a deadly proposition than making an atomic bomb of modern day. It was because of its deadly bad practices that God banned the knowledge of God and Evil. In a cultural practice that spread all around the world, evidences of idoling through mummification were found widespread outside of Egyptian pantheons. The practices however stopped after Buddha Gautama attained his enlightenment in the second half of the first millennium BC. The reintroduction of the knowledge of Life could be detected among Buddhist communities of their temple architecture of multiple stories or roofs representing the seven heavens of the book of life. These evidences could not be found in the west despite Ashoka and later the Kushan's attempt to spread Buddhism to Europe. Nevertheless their efforts had achieved a different kind of unexpected results. In the drive to promote science and technology, evidences show that the enlightenment movement had stopped the practices of witchcraft in Europe altogether. It was obviously a shared credit with Christianity that through a new reinforcement of the ban of the knowledge of god and evil drove the bad application of Paganism to stop. Of his contribution to scientific development, we should give Borh credit about the effect of ignoring the spiritual world' s existence as perceived by current academic worldview. With no observation made to the spiritual world, witchcraft and other bad application of the knowledge of God and Evil had no ground to subsist and finally subsided. Nevertheless, the success story would not make him right about the existence of the spiritual worlds as evidences already proved that they exist, either he observes them or not,

    The Shortfall of the Empirical Methodology
    When Meru banned the knowledge of God and Evil, he also created a dilemma for his own religion. Of their relationship with spiritual causes, theologies could not be rigorously verified and for that restriction, religious facts are left unproved and became dogmas. Unable to tap into the spiritual world, atheist communities rejected religious teaching along with its morality as fallacies. Having no other applications than to support religious spirituality, metaphysics are often than not ignored when it comes to their practical use in the benefit for humanity. We shall argue that with proper consideration, some fields of metaphysics can be made as part of logistical science of which both empirical and logistical known facts are used to conceptually model its reality base on the intervention of the spiritual causes. Carried by both Hindu school and Buddhism, Metaphysic concerned mostly on inter-relationship between the physical reality and its complementary spiritual worlds. In that complex paradigm, the logistical method is critical to the validation of Metaphysical theories (theologies to be exact) to complement the empirical method when laboratory experiments are not possible to be conducted. As we had argued, scientific communities already started on new fields of science such as cosmology and the quantum physic, using the logical methodology to build abstract models on the properties of the physical effects that were induced by spiritual cause (or causes). In Einstein's general relativity, the mathematical representation of the cosmos constitutes a typical example of using abstract model of physical analysis to study the spiritual effect of the gravitational field on space-time relationship. It led to the discovery of the black hole and other type of spiritual intervention in the physical world. In quantum physic, the string theory uses the abstract concept of string to model the light-wave in the formation of the universe. Nevertheless, abuses on the rule of science were seen committed by scientific communities during the development of other fields of science. From the ontology of the origin of the physical world and life to the conception of human species, scientific communities had so far discarded religious dogmas to make room for unproved, worst yet unfounded scientific theories just for the sake of promoting the empirical reality. Despite all the setbacks, they were currently accepted mostly due to their potential drive to make religion obsolete. With no clear separation between the physical and spiritual worlds, religious dogmas were conveniently discredited as irrelevant to the scientific findings, When it comes to resolve the contradiction with their own scientific theories.
  • The Spiritual Causes in Metaphysic
  • Following the successful development of cosmology and the quantum physics, scientific communities had promoted mathematical and logistical analysis as a mean to further their study into metaphysics that they called the deep field of science. Scientists had explored on how modeling of different level of abstraction could be an efficient methodology for the study of logistical fields of science. The discovery of the black hole however brought up the incompleteness of the physical world into the open. To satisfy its singularity, we know that the black hole must to be from its own black or dark world. As well as the quantum reality breaks down beneath the nature of light, the nature of the black hole also breaks free from Einstein general relativity. The different levels of abstraction tell us that the black holes themselves are much more complex than had been postulated. Scientists are working on the lead that black holes could be actually spiritual causes behind the formation and control of different physical entities such as stars, galaxies and even subworlds. The Sumerian cosmology already confirm the existence of these dark (spiritual) worlds that make our universe, much more extensive that our own physical world. As to their darkness, it is just relative to our own perception that is made up in reference to the visible light-wave frequency. For the yugi, this restriction could be easily overcome with a different mentality outlook of our universe. According to their own perception, our world is just an illusion (maya) as compared to their real existence. That is not all, as the illusion goes further applying to the living organism of our physical world as well our own physical senses could be easily fooled. In this paradigm, spirituality goes beyond the perception that human kinds could handle. With proper understanding and precaution, yugi often use analogy as the next best logistical methods in the illustration of the living organism concerning the relationship between spiritual causes and their physical effects. Often enough, working mechanism with known construction could be used as concrete emulation for the sake of understanding the organism behind it. The following illustrations would serve as examples on how a physical body functions according to its spiritual control. Before we start, cautions need to be made that our presentation here is subjected to restriction as the analogy that is brought up here is for illustration only and is not by all-means intended to make a real model of life itself.

    The Physical Body and its spiritual Organism
    From the religious dogmas, there are two types of spirits of which we classify as type A and type B for future reference. The type A spirit (or the life spirit) is believed to be permanent and stayed after the death of the physical body. On the other hand, the type B (physical) spirits are impermanent, but can stay dormant with the death body until it is burnt or completely decomposed. Both are present during the conception of which the body and its parts were formed and stay in control of the body's reproduction. During the lifetime, the type A spirit stays in connection with the spiritual world while in control of the type B spirits that takes control of the physical body's parts. For their function in the living body, the best analogy so far could be made with the software and hardware duality in the modern machinery technology. A reverse engineering would reveal that for its specific or general purpose, a complex machine requires both hardware and software to run. For a simple machine, the hardware is equipped with a firmware that allows the conversion of a soft or hard command into a mechanical control of the hardware. For a complete work done, an operator uses either a simple program or the hardware control panel to operate the machine depending upon how the machine is designed for the operation. This semi-automatic apparatus would be best used to illustrate a physical entity that works with the type B spirit under the control of a spiritual operator. In the Sumerian cosmogony, four gods control the earth, the water (liquid), air (gas) and fire (energy) resources for life sustaining. Physical entities such as the earth, the moon and the sun are controlled (in specific circumstance) by the earth mother goddess, the Moon and the Sun gods. In a similar way, other planets of our solar system are controlled and monitored by other sky gods. It is important to note that for the mechanism to work, the control shall use the predefined soft commands that the firmware understand and convert it into the physical electrical control of the machinery. For a complete automation that bypasses altogether a physical control panel, the machine requires a full-blown software to run. Once the software is loaded, the machine will work on its own as instructed by each code of the software. This duality apparatus is well understood for a specialized engineer who was trained to operate the machinery, but to an un-informed observer the working correlation between the hardware and software could be a real challenge to imagine. The misunderstanding would be even greater when dealing with spiritual software and firmware for the control of a more advanced living organism that constitutes the specialized field of knowledge for the yugi.
  • The Spirituality of a Living Organism
  • Because of its requirement to live on its own without direct control from a spiritual operator, a living organism in the physical world would need a full blown hardware and software integration for its livelihood. The simplest example of that mechanism could be applied to a single cell organism of which the type B firmware is needed for each cell 's development, sustainment and reproduction. They are typical example of natural living things that requires more or less a body mechanism and a simple controlling software that work according to the law of nature. It could be extended to multiple-cell organism such as plants based on each cell 's development and its elaborated photosynthesis for sustainment and reproduction. For its own specific life conception and sustainment, complex living organisms such as animal or human species require more elaborate kind of software of both types to operate. First, the type B firmware is needed to initiate the conception of the first cell and the development of the physical body with all its attribute and life expectancy as inscribed in each cell's DNA gnome before proceeding to the next steps of body and its various part's development. Known as the soul in religious term, the type A spiritual software was next to take control of the living body as well as completing its physical development, in both inside and outside the mother's womb. After birth, the soul continues on monitoring the living spirituality during its lifetime. Empirical method could detect through observation the history of spiritual effect on the specific physiological part of the body. The finding confirms that each person's brain varies from one individual to another and was under-changed (hard-wired) dynamically during its livelihood. With modern medical equipment, doctor can observe the functionality of the brain and identify each part of it according to its different function. For instance, the memory is a part of the brain that stores information of the past experience that was done through out the life of the body. In case of a brain death of which the soul already make it departure from the body, the remaining body experiences nothing even though it is maintained to stay alive by medical treatment and the heart is still beating normally. In some circumstances, the body wakes up and often enough the patient recounted specific experiences that proved to be consistent among patients. Religious institutions are readily accepting their account to be proof of life after death (Notes: Life after Death). After all parts of the physical body, including the heart, the brain are medically death, the returning soul could resurrect the body back to life. Skeptics however maintain that their experience (known as near death experience) is resulted from the brain's malfunction during the coma (Notes: The Near Death Experimentation).

    HISTORY AS A BRANCH OF LOGISTICAL SCIENCE
    In its practical sense, history is the knowledge of the past develop0ment concerning an entity of the physical world. Recorded in chronological accounts, historical events occurred continuously from the birth (conception) of the entity. Of their close relative to time chronology, they could not be reproduced in laboratory experiments. Nevertheless, historical they could be treated as scientific effects that can be analyzed, theorized and to some extend predicted in correlation to their causes. Like Einstein had done for cosmology, we shall introduce history as a field of logistical science.

    The Logistical Methodology
    The ill separation of the spiritual from its physical world could be attributed as the cause of bias judgments by scientific communities, for the acceptance of metaphysics as a reference to their own scientific theories. Aggravated by the social conflicts with religious laymen, the atheist communities used politic to get the upper hand over religion. Darwin immediately gained their supports in promoting his theory that was very much in its conjectural stage to become quickly as a well established theory of science (Notes: A Scientific Theory). Claimed to be strictly adhering to empirical discipline, the theory of natural selection was mostly concepted despite the unavailability of empirical proofs to support it. Mostly because of its potential contradiction to the creationist view of Christianity, supports from the atheist communities were overwhelmed strong. As much as micro-evolution could be accepted based on scientific observation, the macro-evolution that is concerning specifically about the topic of specieation is very much unproved and worst of all unfounded. At the mean time, metaphysical knowledge of life and its derivative were conveniently ignored because they all were the targets of scientific takeover. Treated as a field of philosophy, a metaphysical knowledge would wait for its turn to be overwritten by a new field of science. Undeniably, the empirical method would provide better verification in regard to physical aspects of its topics and causes by modern scientific equipment that ancient religious schools could ever provided. Nevertheless, in any circumstances it could not replace the transcendental method of religion. Now that we have secured the spiritual reality, there are more reason to treat religious statements with fairness. Cross-referencing between science and the religion would enhance our current understanding about our universe as well as strengthen their authenticity as well (Notes: Theory vs Theology). In fact, evidences proved that ancient religious schools had done their best to promote science in a supporting role for their religious knowledge of life. Before it was taken out by God from men, the book of life generated many fields of science that were in conjunction with metaphysics. By reinforcing God's rule of not misapplying metaphysic through the knowledge of God and Evil some of the fields of metaphysics could be made, cosmology is an iconic example, as a field of science (Notes: The Dark-side of Metaphysics). We start by classifying two fields of metaphysics, basing upon the nature of its topic of coverage. First we agree that the etymology of which the nature of knowledge constitutes the main theme of its knowledge would be best part of philosophy (Notes: The Nature of Philosophy). On the other hand, a sound analogy would show that the ontology on the nature of standard physical entities or phenomenon (relative to its spiritual causes) is much closer to science than philosophy. On physical nature, their topics could be observed by empirical methods and their properties would serve as the base of analogy or modeling in relation to their spiritual causes, for the though experiment needed to verify their related theologies (Notes: Analogy or Modeling in Logistical Reasoning). Of its practical application, ontology was more often than not treated as of forensic science, because of its extensive use of forensic method or investigation to validate its theory. Like in the court of law, forensic argument uses facts that were the results from both empirical and though experiments to make its conclusion. The use of though experiments, as part of its rational base is actually the only feature that differentiates the logistical from its empirical science counterpart. For long, it had been put to use by the Meru culture to help humanity understanding the knowledge of life and Eastern religious schools so far used it on all topics that are relative to spiritual causes. Hinduism used it in their meditation practice to attain higher truth of the observed data. On the other hand, Buddhism has its own discipline in using the method to attain the ultimate truth for a complete enlightenment. Mistreated by the western culture for a long time, meditation and thought experiment became obsolete from both the religious and scientific institutions of the west. In the attempt to reintroduce it back to the west, Mahayana Buddhism received so far limited acceptance by the western scientific and religious communities. As much as meditation is used (as part of yuga) for a mental exercise in the gymnasium, thought experiment is treated as the exercise of just a common sense by the scientific institution. The outcome is the inevitable discrimination of the western civilization against eastern religion and the break down of morality is quite common when applying to western humanity of today.

    On the Big bang Theory
    According to Buddha Gautama's teaching, the four noble truths which consists of birth, maturity, old age/disease and death applies to all physical living organism, including the physical world and its subworlds as well. In a similar view, scientific communities already postulate the birth of the physical world that they called the big bang, and its physical death that they called the big-crunch (Notes: The Law of Thermodynamic). From the observation that our physical world is expanding, scientists postulated that space was at the beginning very small and went far to state that it started as a singular point. With all the condensed energy concentrated at its origin, the big bang must to start with an intense explosion. The postulation was based entirely on the wrong belief that the physical world (of which they referred as the universe) is complete and close. To maintain its constant energy, the physical world would be reduced to a black hole after its big crunch with all its energy concentrated in it. In contrast, the birth of the world must to start from that black hole through a process that they called the Big bang. The Buddhist suggestion that the physical world is neither complete nor close would induce its own view that undermine the current establishment of the big bang theory far back to its early start. To avoid confusion, we may refer our Physical World sometime as the physical super-world (or simply super-world in consistency with the scientific reference of the physical universe) in a situation that requires distinguishing it from its many physical worlds. In a normal situation that no distinction is needed from its subworlds (Notes: The Notion of a Sub-world), we refer it as the physical world. On a similar reasoning, we shall also introduce the notion of spiritual world as its complement to constitute the whole complete and close of our universe as we know it. We start by distinguishing the conception of visible and non-visible worlds through their distinctive basic elements (parammanus in Buddhism). Empirically, there are many more light-waves that frequencies fall outside of the spectrum of visible lights. While visible subworlds are formed on visible particles or lights, non-visible subworlds are on the other hand, formed by non-visible particles or lights. The frequency of the basic particles characterized the frequency of both visible and non-visible worlds. In consistency with the notion of the black hole, we shall refer non-visible subworlds also as the black or dark subworlds of the spiritual world. With that, the big bang theory shall be restricted from the birth of the universe (as currently stated by secular view) to be rather the birth of the visible (physical) world, after the existence of all black and dark subworlds. From these black subworlds came the black holes and other dark components such as dark matter and energy that scholars found to take important progenitoring role in the formation of the physical world as postulated in the current big bang theory.
  • The Physical Subworlds

  • Piercing through space by powerful telescopes, scientists could detect the birth and death of space's entities such as stars, solar systems and even galaxies, but never of a sub-world. Stayed mostly out of scientific observation are the birth and death of physical subworlds as they were formed and controlled by individual spirits from the seven spiritual planes. A sub-world is a cluster of galaxies that was formed and operated under its own space-time dimension as a part of our physical world. According to Buddhist doctrine, our physical world and its subworlds are not permanent and are subjected to the four noble truths. Their births were through the process of progenation in which the fully formed sub-world with high frequency gives birth to the next sub-world of lower frequency. After the Big Bang, the Brahma sub-world is the first to be born and the last to die out. Conforming to the general theory of relativity, its space-time fabric would start small and expanded itself over time. It was formed based on the blue particle to shelter the highest of all spirits fallen off Nirvana. The fact that we never detect a sub-world 's birth and death is because our sub-world (of which resides our solar system) was the last to be born and the first to die among all physical subworlds. Formed on the ground of the brown particle, it was often referred in Buddhism as the Meru world. Its purpose is to shelter transitioning spirits from hell to each heaven and vice versa, in a complex operation that (according to Buddhist cosmogony) had been designated prior to its formation. The ultimate mission is to return fallen spirits back into the Nirvana plane. In that perspective, the earth and its solar system were created along side with its heaven and hell to be the essential part of the Meru sub-world. In that regard, the Sumerian tradition acknowledges the Sun and the Moon gods to be the forefront of other gods representing entities of our solar system. According to Brahmnanism, each sub-world has its own congress of spirits working under the four main spiritual beings, water, earth fire and air, to take control and administer it livelihood, To complete our physical world, five more subworlds were formed on each of the five remaining energies. in correlation with other subworlds. In conformance to the general relativity, each sub-world has its own space-time dimension rendering its space-time fabric to be distinctive (parallel) from each other. They are actually spiritual planes that take control of each world separately. Nevertheless, intervention from the higher spiritual plane to the lesser one occurred from the Brahma world down to the last heavenly plane. The spiritual intervention on the Meru sub-world in particular constituted the metaphysics of religious doctrines that were currently taught to humanity by the Sumerian religious institutions.

    The Meru or Sumerian Cosmology
    The Physical and Spiritual Duality of a physical entity adds additional complexity to Einstein relativity. Instead of dealing with one big space-time fabric (for the whole universe) as represented in the Einstein 's theory of relativity, the Sumerian cosmology concerns on both the spiritual subworlds (including the black or dark subworlds) in the formation of the visible or physical world. According to the Sumerian cosmology, Space as we know its does not contain only the physical subworlds, but the dark subworlds as well that were formed in an earlier process along with all spiritual planes. A cross-reference between the two models shall give us an alternate postulation that relies instead on spiritual process in the formation and control of our physical world. Furthermore, we shall overlook the formation of the non-visible worlds and focus on the big bang processing only. With that restriction, the initial inflation as currently postulated in the theory was not actually due to the initial explosion, but to the formation of the visible subworlds as progenitored by the dark subworlds through out the space at the same time. On the same note, the big bang theory 's claim that the whole physical world is still expanding (following the initial inflation) could be instead associated to the dynamic of the physical world evolving after its formation around the black or dark world. O the same way, a visible sub-world evolves, with its predefined path, around its proginatoring world to constitute a system of satellites (of the seven subworlds) around the Brahma world. The whole of this Brahma system of which we calls as our physical world is in turn evolving as a satellite of the black or dark world (composing of non-visible subworlds). In a similar condition that in astronomy, two physical entities could have a shortest path between them in a small window of time, the Sumerian cosmology has a similar concept of the wormhole that constitute the shortest path between two subworlds. In special circumstances, physical entities of a higher frequency could visit its progenitored sub-world with their physical mean, through the wormhole that presents itself in a small specific time frame. In general circumstances, only spirits or souls could do time traveling between two planes over the speed of light (Notes: Connection between each Sub-world and Earth).
  • The Spirituality Connection

  • The Sumerian cosmology describes the role of spirits of each plane in the formation and control of each sub-world. Resources such as the earth, water, air and energy were represented as gods whose mission were to create living organism of each sub-world out of their own resources. Different names or titles are often associated with these gods that let us to believes that they are actually representing the role-plays of different gods or goddesses in their intervention for each sub-world. In the specific creation of the living organism on earth, the damped clay (or simply clay) was often referred as the basic element of the physical body (Notes: The basic Elements of a physical Body). As in most religious term, it should not be literally interpreted as a piece of clay damped with water, but a biological cell that in medical term is the basic element of a living body. Cells are formed from the basic atoms that differ from one sub-world to another based on their coloring background of energy. The first to be conceived is the Brahma world that was formed along with its living organism on the blue energy. If a Brahman is presented to us, we can see him as a blue creature having a small body that glow intensively as a source of light. Other subworlds were formed consecutively on the ground of lower and lower spectrum of energy, following the process of atomic progenitoring. After one sub-world is formed, its atomic elements would progenitor those of the next subworlds by wrapping specific colored particles as electrons at its outer-most layer. As more and more complex atoms were formed, the resulting physical body becomes bigger and bigger, but duller and duller. The last of the subworlds that is formed on the ground of the brown energy is our physical sub-world. Our Milky Way galaxy that houses our solar system, the heaven and the hell of the Meru world was formed as a part of its sub-world. The Meru cosmogony credits Meru as its creator to house spirits that fell off from all the heaven. Along with the hell, the earth is a transition place to cleanse spirits and return them back to heaven. With that purpose, the Meru world contains all particles of other progenitoring subworlds and its atom is formed as the integration of all colored particles. To illuminate the whole of all colored entities, the sun emits white light from the combustion of the helium that is an isotope of two hydrogen atoms. Unlike the Brahma world, the Meru sub-world needs the sun to provide life sustaining for all living entities on earth that were supposed to make the best of their environments on earth. Needless to say, all the living entities of the Meru world, the sun in particular, are more massive than that those of its progenitoring subworlds.

    RELATIVITY IN HISTORICAL SCIENCE
    Like cosmology, all fields of historical science are subjected to time and space relativity. Care should be taken when dealing with historical images of the past as all sorts of distortion could cause the images to change. Distortion agents or causes had to be identified along with the time of interference, so the historical events could be set free from distortion historical facts. As a branch of logistical science, history needs though experiments to induct historical facts into theories that are needed to complete the missing links.

    Time Relativity in History
    Hoping to extend the classical astronomy in the broader range of space-time reality, Einstein added time axis as the fourth dimension to the three dimensional Cartesian representation of the physical world. His four dimensional space-time model of the cosmos provides scientists a complete environmental computation analysis for the cosmos, but presented with serious setbacks that undermine the whole concept of the theory of relativity itself. Since it was not intended to be a real representation of the cosmos, but to add the gravitational field into a more generalized theory of relativity, Einstein neglected of specifying that his time axis is the time duration axis that was used in the computational study of astronomy. He used it to model his space-time fabric that illustrates the relationship of the gravitational field with its surrounding bodies of mass. With no specification, fellow scientists made the crucial mistakes of treating it as the chronological time axis when they applied some of the results of his special relativity theories into the field of cosmology in later time. When that happens, they created paradoxes relative to the real nature of history. The first among them was the misconception of time traveling (Notes: The Paradox of Time Traveling) that rendered the mysticism of the general theory of relativity to be rival those of religion. It was actually due to the mis-applications of the results of Einstein special relativity of time dilation in reference to the chronological time axis. We could immediately see its paradoxical nature by applying a thought experiment that was known as the "grand father paradox". It states that by using the time machine, one could travel back to the time that his or her grandfather lived. The paradox occurs when he or she decided to kill the grand father so he or she could not be born. Another paradox that was well known of its implication to the history of human kind as named "the Hitler paradox" would induce the same result. It states that knowing of what Hitler had done to humanity, a Jew could travel back in time to kill him off before he could order the whole genocide against the Jews and committed other crime against humanity to take places. Both thought experiments would prove that the time travel is not possible when applied to the reality of the physical world. Einstein had expressed his doubt that traveling over the speed of light is actually possible in the physical world, but he was not so sure about it. Of the Cartesian space-time representation that he used to model the real cosmos in his general relativity theory, the divergence between the mathematical reality and the physical reality needs to be taken into consideration. If the time duration is made in compliance to the time chronology axis (Notes: Compliance with time chronology), such paradox could not exist at the first place. In that restriction, going back to live in history and subsequently to change its records is simply impossible. On the other hand, we could verify empirically that a physical body could move only under a limited speed to stay intact during the trip (Notes: The Impact of the Kinetic Energy on the moving physical Body). If the speed limit exceeds the speed of light, the moving body simply disintegrated into lights. Ontologically, we could refer the time chronology as a physical constant that is defined by a spiritual conception in close association with the history of the physical world (Notes: A Physical Constant). For the cosmology that belongs to both the physical and historical field of science, the chronological time axis is recommended to prevent the delusional effect that could be induced mathematically by the computational time axis. With that finding, precautions need to be made when applying results from Einstein's special theories of relativity (that were concepted in reference to the time computational axis) to the new restricted physical reality of the time chronological axis. Applying to historical science in general, time travel is just a simulation that allows the recreation of past event (right at its occurring time) in a though experiment to be observed free from interference (Notes: The Misconception of Time Traveling). With that restriction, the time traveling machine does not apply to the physical world. On the same reasoning, the following conclusion might be drawn that could be useful in the next application of cosmology. As no entities of the physical world could travel faster than the speed of light, any entities that break the rule must to be of the spiritual worlds. Applying to the big-bang theory, it confirms that the initial inflation of physical expansion (over the speed of light) must to occur in the spiritual world during the early formation of spiritual base of the physical world (Notes: The Spiritual Base of the Phyical World). The next important application of historical time relativity, as we shall see, is extending itself to the theory of evolution of all living entities on the physical world.

    The Environmental Relativity in the Law of Evolution
    Charles Darwin proposed the scientific theory of evolution by natural selection in his book "On the Origin of Species" that was published in 1859. Prior to that, it was Alfred Russel Wallace who conceived the original idea and in a join work with Darwin opens up the theory into the mainstream of scientific communities. It starts by the observation that more offspring are often produced than can possibly survive and the induction that in successive generations members of a population are more likely to be replaced by selected groups with characteristics that fit best their respective environments to survive. The conclusion was made that surviving species of today shares a universal common ancestor that lived many billion years ago and that all forms of life are resulted from evolution. As much as the reasonment is plausible, the empirical proof is so far hard to produce. It had been a while since Darwin published his theory, but still no proofs were found to validate the theory until now. It is important to note that it was not about the creation of the new species, nor the extinction of the existing one, but about theirs causes that Darwin actually failed to prove. Archeology had unearthed fossils and proved the existence of many species of living organism, including those of hominids and our archaic human ancestors, that must to exist and extinct some time later in the past. As much as these evidences convince us that the creation and the extinction of species occurred, they hardly reveal to us how the evolution really happened. For instance, the mass extinction found to the dinosaur's specie that happened millions years ago, was according to general consensus done by a catastrophic event and that natural selection process had no role in it. On the other hand, the mass extinction of numerous species that left a stockpile of fossils of which scholars associated to the Cambrian explosion could be another proof of a catastrophic event as the cause of extinction of earlier existing species. In modern time, it could be proved that many species extinct due to the lost of their natural habitats, but there are no new species to replace them as far as men are mostly to blame for their extinction. Other than that, no empirical proofs to show the occurring of existing specie 's mass extinction by evolved species of a new kind, through the Darwinist natural selection process. Amid the argument, skepticism grew among fellow scientist (including Darwin himself) as far as the theory was left without proof for too long. The radical view that left out God completely of the equation had deprived the scientific community of needed proofs of the origin of life on earth. Christian apologists had since developed their own theory of intelligence design as possible cause to the formation of new species. On the other hand, the Meru tradition and later Buddhism already provide their answer to this scientific dilemma through their own core religious knowledge. It is the soul that is the determining factors in the formation of a new species and the extinction of the existing one. The Sumerian epic story of Atrahasis concerning the formation of human species confirms that both supernatural and natural processes are involved in the formation of modern man species. The supernatural process concerns on the formation of a cell that is the basic element of the physical body (as required by the new species) through the intermediary of human soul. The natural process of reproduction took on the next development of the fetus inside the womb of the archaic human mother to complete the conception process (Atrahasis: The Creation of the Man Specie: The Creation of Men). The epic made its clear that through the divine intervention of Ishtar, the time required for the complete development of the new man species in less than 600 years, obviously a lot shorter than that expected of the natural selection process. One important factor that should not left out from the development is the role of spirits in the divine decision making of the conception. In the epic story, the purpose was to off-load gods Lgigi from tedious physical works. For that purpose, the archaic human physical strength only was not enough and needed to have better brain to take on the challenge. On that note, ancient religious scripture and historical records had suggested that the earth environment is very much controlled by spirits to maintain its suitability for the survival of its living species. The religious commitments leave no chance for natural environment alone to take on the role of god or gods in the development of new species. That could be said the same for the extinction of an existing specie before or after the conception of the new species. With that finding we conclude that, in complementing the scientific theory of evolution (by natural selection) that applies in the micro-evolution of the physical world, it is the spiritual intervention or divine selection process that causes the macro-evolution of specieation from a common or separate ancestors.

    The Origin of Life
    Inspired by Darwin's theory of evolution, the scientific theory on the origin of life consecrated itself to find the answer through natural processes only. It received at the start overwhelmed support from the scientific communities, mostly because it provided alternative solution to the religious dogmas of creationism. Like the Darwin's theory of natural selection process in the formation of species, the problems lied on the fact that empirical proofs are hard to come by. Even though evolutionary biologists wholeheartedly embarked on looking for the proofs, no discovery so far made to support their claim. Their experimentation that were so far done successfully in laboratory, were the formation of complex amino-acid 's molecules that were known to constitute the basic element of physical body in the natural environment. Beyond that, nothing else could be accomplished in a laboratory experiment nor could it be observed in a natural environment to confirm the self-creation of the cell that is accepted by both religious and scientific institution as the basic element of physical life. Even on the most simple among single cell organisms, scientists do not know how they were formed biologically in the environment that they are living in. They were found thriving in many places of the earth, even of known hostile environment for life sustaining. That would not stop them from accepting the theory of the origin of life on natural process and rejecting altogether the religious claim of creationism. Because they were not empirically proved, religious dogmas were tossed aside by scientific communities while their own theories of the origin of life that were as much scientifically unproved, were taught in the public institution. As we had argued, incomplete scientific rationality had played a big part in the recent humanity crises. Without religious morality in check, bad application of scientific knowledge had led to the development of massive destruction weaponry that according to the scientists themselves could annihilate humanity instantly. As Buddhism had stressed out in its doctrine, ignorance (of morality's implication of knowledge) is the real cause of suffering. Blinded by the progress of science and technology, agnosticism drove the world policy makers into deeper delusion of scientific misapplication. Four millennia earlier, their ancestors committed the same mistake of using the knowledge of God and Evil for their own gain and glory. Blinded by the supernatural powers that were once kept as privilege for the living-gods, the Anunnakis misused the knowledge to promote their own wealth and power while at the same time drove the Moon Culture into the next western Soma, and worst yet into the Lunar Eclipse Culture. In any way or anyhow, humankind forgot the ultimate purpose that they were created at the first place and by challenging god's morality drove themselves into self-destruction. Fell under the sway of Zoroatranism, the dark side of the Moon culture capitalized on the red energy to transform itself as the base of the new westernized dominant culture. In the new paradigm, an abstract godfather' s figure was introduced in the absent of living-gods in their successive intervention into the welfare of humanity. Along with the abstract godfather' s figure, came his creation myth of the first man Adam and the first woman Eve to generate the race of humankind on earth. Any one of the Abrahamic schools of today inherited more or less this abstract legacy of the godfather and his creation from Zoroatranism. The unclear purpose of their godfather on humanity allowing each one of the Abrahamic schools to define their own expectation through worshipping their own godfather. Back to the original Meru culture, the Sumerian cosmology describes the role of spirits of each plane in the formation and control of each sub-world. Earth, water, air, and energy were represented as gods whose missions are to create living organism out of their own resources. Among the Sumerian trinity, Brahma and Siva are two of the Hindu Devas who have their creation power associated with them. The Meru Culture claims that Meru himself was the designer of all physical forms to suit the spiritual condition of each species (Notes: Meru as a God of Creation). By working closely with the primordial gods of the earth, water, air and energy, he was credited as the god of creation of the (Meru) world that we are living in. As much as the formation of life requires the soul of the living organism to conceive, the physical body could be formed by natural reproduction of the cells. In the Sumerian creation paradigm, the conception of the cell (referred as the damped-clay) was closely associated to the four primal gods of each spiritual plane in forming the living cells. They were formed in a supernatural process, by mixing spirituality with the four elements (earth, water, air and energy) as the basic elements of the living physical body. Often referred in religious scripture as the Lord of Lords, he rules over the congress of gods that includes the fours primal gods whose primary roles were to take care and maintained the Meru world.

    Reference:
    1. BHT: A Brief History of Time, By Stephen Hawking
    2. QA: Journal for Interdisciplinary Research on Religion and Science: Quantum and the Abhidhamma, By Ankur Barua
    Notes:
    1. Religious Dogmas
      Religious dogmas are a set of prescribed truths adopted by a religious institution as base of theirs teaching (or preaching) to general audience. Claimed to be transcended, they were treated differently from the mainstream of the Meru Culture and later the three branches of Abrahamic schools. In the Meru Culture, yugi could verify as much as they wanted to validate the doctrine through meditation. In the Abrahamic schools, religious dogmas are considered sacred.
    2. The Empirical Reality
      The Empirical Reality is the physical reality that is confirmed by the empirical verification. Being resulted from the laboratory experimentation, repeatability or reproducibility of the experimentation's outcome is the key aspect of the reality.
    3. Reality and Observation
      Observation is a process (among many others) of experiencing reality, but is not its cause. As Einstein pointed out, Bohr was wrong in the association of observation as a cause of reality. For immediate implication, the spiritual world exists no matter what we observe it or not.
    4. A Scientific Theory
      A theory is a coherent group of general propositions used as principle of explanation for a class of phenomena. In its early stage, it is a proposed induction that is still conjectural. To become a scientific theory, it needs to be verified extensively using either the empirical or non-empirical method.
    5. Theory vs Theology
      Theory is a proposed statement (or a group of statements) of the field of science while theology is about those of the field of Metaphysics.
    6. The Nature of Philosophy
      In its specific sense, philosophy is the rational investigation of the truth and principles of being, knowledge of conduct. In a more general use, it includes the rationality that secure the validity of science (by the empirical method) and of other fields of knowledge by their own rational methodologies.
    7. A Modified Bohr's Model of Atom
      From the observation that a white light could be split into a spectrum of colored light wave, we could model a simple atom of hydrogen as an interlocked system of seven quarks rotating in seven level of circular orbits. Starting from the electron orbit down to the last seventh of the innermost orbit, each quark has it own specific mass representing the seven levels of kinetic energy needed in their continuos rotation. In this model, a complete combustion of the hydrogen atom could produce a white light (like the one that was radiated from the sun) or a more or less complete spectrum of seven visible lights. For a complex atom, each orbit might contain many quarks rotating around a nucleus in a more complex mechanism. In this modified Bohr's model of atom, the electron is actually the quark oscillating in the outermost orbit. The photon is actually the set of four quarks oscillating between the innermost and the electron's orbit. Last and not least the innermost quark and the core of the atom constitutes its neutron.
    8. The Copenhagen Doctrine
      Based on Bohr's original belief, the Copenhagen Doctrine believes in the physical world's completeness upon the Quantum theory and that reality is based on observation.
    9. The Buddhist Conception of Paramanu
      In Buddhist paradigm, all physical elements could be broken down to the smallest basic element called the paramanu. Applying to the modern Chemistry, the basic element of the physical world paramanu could be first referring to Bohr's atom. With the modern conception of quark (or quarks) however, the paramanu of our physical world could be reduced furthermore to quark (or quarks) in the form of light or particle.
    10. Distinction between Light and Particle
      In a vacuum environment, when light strikes a particle of the same quark, the exchange of kinetic energy would transform the striking light into a particle and the stroked particle into light. The transforming of state could also occur when two light-wave and two particles of the same quark are set to strike each other in a collision path. In other situation (that they do not interact with each other) light and particle are expected to stay in their own original state.
    11. Multiworlds in the Knowledge of Life
      The Sumerian cosmology divided the universe into many worlds of both Physical and spiritual nature. As described in the Meru's knowledge of Life, their union would form the complete universe as one. With that conception, it is clear that science and religion each has its own separate domain. The failure to separate the two domains is what creates the dilemma of the great scientific paradox during the enlightenment era. Undeniably, the empirical method could provide assistance to religion in verifying physical effects that are due to spiritual causes.
    12. The Spiritual Reality
      The non-physical reality as confirmed by their effects into the physical worlds or by transcendental meditation.
    13. Two Purposes of the Meditation
      for applications ranging from a simple relax state of mind to the cut off completely of the physical world that allows the mind free access to the spiritual world to peek into its spiritual reality. Two kinds of application could be drawn out from the meditation 's technique. First, the analytical meditation allows the yugi to move the observed object close to the observer for better observation. Through mental simulation, he could analyze the observed event free of interference. On the other hand, the transcendental meditation induces in-depth access into the core of the spiritual world and allows the yugi to contemplate spiritual causes in their interference to the physical world.
    14. The Abrahamic Culture
      Known also as the Soma Culture, the early Abrahamic culture was conceived under Meru' s guidance. It started to degrade after the Meru's exodus from Middle East. Known as the Soma Culture, the new religion became more or less the inspiration of later branches of the Abrahamic Cultures including the Juwish, Islam and Christianity. All made their reference to the godfather that was no longer dwelling with them. While Buddha Gautama started Buddhism at the east, the west was under the own development outside of the Meru Culture's mainstream.
    15. The Conception of Atom
      The conception of Atom is not new to European scientific communities. Right after the enlightenment of Buddha Gautama, evidences show the notion of atom had been available to Greek scientific communities along with the start-up of European Enlightenment era. Greek philosophers and scientist Democritus already talked about Atom as the basic components of Chemistry.
    16. The Black World
      As particle of a visible light is observable (visible), the body that was formed from it is also observable and thus belongs to the physical world. Other particles that are formed by non-visible light (out of visible light spectrum) are also non-observable and do not belong to the physical world, according to Einstein-Borh requirement). A black body that is formed by non-visible particles is not observable and thus belongs to the black (spiritual) world.
    17. The Buddhist Classification of Knowledge
      The physic (or physical science) that is concerning knowledge of causes and its effect within the physical reality could be best-taken care by the empirical method. In contrast, religious knowledge that is concerning about the causes and effect of the spiritual world (or worlds) could be best taken care of by transcendental meditation. In between the physical science and religion, the metaphysics that were dealing with the physical effect by spiritual causes could be taken care of by limited empirical method along with though experiment or analytical meditation.
    18. The Dark-side of Metaphysics
      AS other knowledge, metaphysics could have its dark-side when misapplying in either witchcraft or esoteric practices. In Zoroastrianism where the magical practices are open to all, the mis-application of metaphysics could be extreme. Even though they were banned from the core of the Meru Culture, there are evidences that they are being still practiced in a close circle in Hindu and to the least extend Buddhist communities as well.
    19. Analogy vs Modeling in Logistical Reasoning
      Analogy: a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to be another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of known similarities in other respect. Modeling: an abstract representation of a system or phenomenon, with supporting hypotheses required to describe the system or explain the phenomenon.
    20. The Notion of a Sub-world
      The notion of a physical sub-world is relative to the physical world. In a reference to the physical super-world we refer the Meru and Brahma subworlds simply as the Meru and Brahma worlds. A physical sub-world is actually a cluster of galaxies that were formed by each one of the spiritual planes.
    21. The Paradox of Time Traveling
      As a result of a mathematical analysis, the dilation of time could lead to a paradox when applying to the extreme condition. If an entity could travel faster than the speed of light, it could travel back to the past that defies the standard nature of time chronology. In that extreme case, the Lorentz constant that is used to compute the observed time relative to the real time is not a real number. Despite of its controversial nature, time traveling became the talk of the scientific communities that promoted furthermore the theory of relativity's mysticism. On his side of the story, Einstein was not so sure about its reality as he already suspected that in the physical world, nothing could travel faster that the speed of light.
    22. Compliance with time chronology
      One of the criteria is that time duration should always be positive to start from its point of depart (of the present) to its finish point (of the future). The observed time duration should always be positive, meaning that the observed time of arrival should always be in future or the same in reference to the observed time of departs. Any other case would be a contradiction to the nature of the time chronology axis.
    23. The Impact of the Kinetic Energy on the moving physical Body
      The dynamic law of physic states that a physical body of mass M traveling in the speed of v would be subjected to a kinetic energy of Mv2. To prevent the strong kinetic energy Mv2 from destroying the body itself, there should be a limit on the speed v for the body M to stay intact during the trip. In contrast, if v is equal or greater than the speed of light, the body M simply disintegrated into lights.
    24. The Misconception of Time Traveling
      From the computational reasoning, Einstein's theory of time dilation might lead to the wrong application of the time traveling. As much as it allows though experimenter to travel back time to observe the historical event at its occurring start, it does not allow the traveler to experience the real past event itself.
    25. A Physical Constant
      A Physical Constant is an entity that is not effected by any physical causes. Its presence in the equation is due to the external interference of spiritual nature.
    26. The Near Death Experimentation
      Emulation of the near death experience apparently yields to the same result, even though the brain was not completely death during the experiment. The finding splits the opinion of the medical team into two different views. While some were inclined to accept it as the proof of the spirit leaving the body into the spiritual world, others maintain that the brain could still experience delusion when it is dying. As external stimulus was part of the experimentation, we believe that the physical brain was not functioning on its own and allows the delusion to occur.
    27. Life after Death
      Buddhists believe that after death, the soul exits the body and was subjected to its own karma of either entering into Nirvana or going viral into the next birth and death cycle of the physical world. In the latter case, the soul was judged and submitted to hell (if needed) for proper correction before its next cycle. The same rule applies to the life cycle in any heavenly plane as well as on earth. The near death experience occurs when the death is a mistake and the soul is allowed to come back living in the same body again.
    28. The basic Elements of a physical Body
      The four elements that are water, earth, fire and air were known to constitute the living thing's physical elements, were actually presented as the four primal divinities of the Sumerian Pantheon. In later version of the Sumerian cosmogony, they were replaced by the Sumerian Trinity of Enki (representing Water and Earth), Enlil (fire) and Anu (Air).
    29. The Spiritual Base of the Phyical World
      According to the Sumerian cosmology, each one of the seven spiritual subworlds (planes) that constitutes the control bases of each physical subworld has also its life cycle. After their birth, they were the causes of the spiritual (dark or black) entities that play the crucial role in the formation and the control of each one of the physical entity.
    30. Meru as a God of Creation
      Deitfied as Lord Siva in the Hindu Culture, Meru was mostly recognized for his involvement in the formation of animal's species. After the earth was formed, tradition says that Meru introduced all sort of lives to the earth. Meru once surmounted all his creatures to find out if any one is unhappy of its body, so that he could redesign it to fit their need. No one of the animals objected since their bodies were all designed to suit their environments and to the most important of all to suit their spiritual requirements.
    31. Connection between each Sub-world and Earth
      As the Brahma and the Meru world are the most farther from earth, only spirits could travel from these subworlds to earth. In that case divine intervention on humanity could be best done through incarnation. In contrast, the Indra and the Yuma worlds are closer to earth and wormholes between them would open more accommodation in frequent time window for physical traveling of the two worlds to earth respectively.