Historical Science


Project: Historical Science
Author: Lem Chuck Moth

Started date: July/01/2018
Last updated: December/01/2018
All right reserved.
Note:
Since this paper is still drafted, the readers would be advised to ignore any context errors. The content is not final and subjected to be reviewed. Please kindly notify me of the discrepancies.


INTRODUCTION
In its practical sense, science is credited to have the ability to predict the outcome of its experimentation since once a theory was formed, experiments of the same law should yield the same result. This repeatability is actually due to the deterministic nature of the causality law that applied to all effect in relation to its set of causes. In contrast, history is hardly considered as a field of science. As a knowledge of the past, the only rules so far observed were to make sure that consistent copy of past events are the same as they occurred through time. Rather applied to historians in making theirs work consistent to the true events (as much as possible), they did not apply to the historical events themselves. In practice however, history could not be compiled entirely from past records, but from studies of related known field of science such as Archeology, ethnography and anthropology of more or less empirical background. The findings of the studies were used to verify the accuracy of the historical records and to some extends to construct the missign historical accounts and became known to contribute to the development of historical science itself. In a close relationship with other fields of science, we shall introduce a new scientific paradigm pertaining on time-related events as the historical science. We shall argue that sociology, natural science, and to the most extend cosmology were among the few that leaves their traces in historical sciences. Of their close relative to time, historical events could not be repeated in a laboratory environment and fo0r this reason, history can not be classified as an empirical science. The same way that Einstein had predicted (through thought experiment) cosmological events and had them verified through empirical means, real events could repeat themselves as well following the deterministic rule of the causality law. In a condition that all the causes are present in the same specific circumstance of space and time, history could repeat itself in real time.

The Lessons from History
Even though operating under the canopy of an expansionist political drive, the enlightenment movement brought Europe into a new era of discovery. The progression could be related to the new surge of rationality that was brought by the spread of Buddhism during the Kushan era. In conjunction with the Gangetic India, the Kushan made a serious attempt to promote Buddhism to the west. Through ancient family' s connection, Greece was the first target of theirs campaign. Unfortunately, Zoroastrianism already took hold of Europe and was too strong to prevent Buddhism from penetrating into the core of the European power elite. Facing with strong resistance, the Buddhist movement had missed its original target. Instead of promoting a complete program of spiritual gain, European Enlightenment paradigm had shifted its focus to the progression of science and technology. Seeing their breakthrough as the chance to promote wealth, the power elite concentrated on their own material gain. Through greed, they drove Europe deeper and deeper into the spell of the materialistic irrationality. Starting from the renaissance, world power elite made their own pacts to ward off religious constraints that might slow down their ambitious drive. As we had argued, their indifference to religious morality had led to the outbreak of modern crises that constitute the main cause of the prophesied Apocalypse to come (The Westernisation: Introduction: The Apocalypse in the Making). Two world wars already brought down humanity to its knee; world power elite has no clue that history could repeat itself again. After the gun's smoke of the two wars dissipated, humanity sprung back to its own self. As politicians got their ways to sideline religious morale code, the prospect of peace is just an illusion. If a drastic change could not eliminate or at least reduce its root causes from reaching the critical point, the third world war could happen at any moment.

RELIGION AND SCIENCE
After the exit of the Meru Culture from Middle East, the western Moon Culture went into decline. Deprived of the knowledge of life, the Abrahamic schools succumbed under the sway of Zoroatrianism that was based entirely on the knowledge of God and Evil. History confirms that without strong morality to guide through, witchcraft along with esoteric application of the knowledge are harmful to humanity. Through the late enlightenment movement, the west freed itself from the past but faced with other kind of crises due to the misapplication of science and technology. Now that the knowledge of God and Evil is under control, a reintroduction to the knowledge of life might be the solution of humanity's current crises.

The Reality of the Spiritual World
With the ill separation between the physical and spiritual world, scientific arguments won support easily over those of religious dogmas. Driven by the apparent success, new generation of scientists embarked on tapping into religious domain of knowledge that was traditionally belonging to the field of religion. In the attempt to transform them as new fields of science, empirical method was used to conform them into the mold of empirical reality (Notes: The Empirical Reality). When it did not work according to their expectation, they discredit religious knowledge as fallacies. While Christianity was forced to quiet down and conform itself to the separation of religion from the state, the Darwinist theory of natural selection process was being taught in the general public institution, as part of scientific curriculum. On the same token, the ontology of the origin of life that was theorized after the theory of Darwinist natural selection had received its instant support, mainly because of its contradiction with the divine creation of theist religious school. The successful introduction of the two largely unproved scientific theories had led to more abuses by the scientific communities against religion, as bias continued to grow among members of the atheist communities. In the next history of science, an iconic event occurred during the formation of the Quantum Theory that split the scientific communities into two different camps. It was about a hot debate between Einstein and his fellow scientist Niels Borh concerning the reality of the physical world. Einstein who developed the theory of relativity to secure better physical reality in a large domain of space and time maintained his view that observation alone could be deceptive. On the other hand, Borh who was one of the originators of the quantum theory, took on the different stand that all reality is conceptually relative to the observation (Notes: Reality and Observation). Einstein was objecting strongly to the view, even so after Bohr claimed to derive it from the general relativity. At the end, they came to the agreement that physical reality should be based on the observability and to promote it into empirical reality, measurability has to be met. The shared conception became since the foundation of the Quantum theory that would, in the eye of scientific communities, become the base of modern science. Of its implication, it is implying that the physical world does not include particle since its dual nature of matter and wave at the same time prevent it to be observable. For Einstein, Bohr' s Quantum theory is not complete and like his own theory of relativity), failed its mission to prove the completeness of the Physical World. The failure is consistent with the religious claim that the physical world was created and is not complete, as the scientific communities had expected it. Humankind was warned of induced illusion or relative truth when it comes to our natural science and perception. Following the religious tradition, spiritual world had been introduced to complement the physical reality in the attempt to complete our understanding of the universe. Due to its complex nature, we shall not attempt to look into the nature of spiritual world itself, but rather to concentrate on its property as detected along side of its known effects to the physical world. For that restricted scope, meditation discipline had been taught to religious institutions to peek into the spiritual reality (Notes: The Spiritual Reality). Meditation 's technique ranging from a simple relax state of mind to the cut off completely of the physical world that allows the mind free access to the spiritual world. It was through this logistical methodology that Einstein called thought experiment, that cosmology was formed alongside the theory of relativity. While the empirical observation could only provide very limited access for experiencing the whole of spirituality, our sensory mind could tap into the spiritual reality through meditation (Notes: Two Purposes of the Meditation). Like its contemporary empirical method, thought experiment could be repeated with consistent result of which a yugi could use to enhance and validate his own perception. On the other hand, the transcendental meditation induces in-dept. access into the core of the spiritual world and allows the yugi to contemplate spiritual causes in their interference to the physical world. In some circumstances, the results would allow him to create a model close enough to the to construct a case study of the though experiment that is close enough to the actual problem to solve. In other circumstances, it allows him to make an analogy with an already known case study so he could base upon it to illustrate on the actual problem. In either case, the transcendental meditation requires a lot more patience and chastity for a well-trained yugi to succeed. Eastern Hermit gained religious knowledge in the deep field mostly through this process. Unfortunately, the techniques are not been taught to the western mainstream of the Meru Culture. To punish humanity for consuming the knowledge of God and Evil, Meru made the knowledge of life inaccessible to the western culture. In carrying on his next mission of human salvation, he had to come back home to the east. At the mean time, the Abrahamic schools managed to stay current with the culture by mean of transcendental knowledge through divine revelation directly to prophets.

The Implication on the contemporary Fields of Science
Like Bohr, Einstein at first believed in the completeness of the physical world. Finding out that his general theory of relativity failed his expectation, he soon consecrated the rest of his life working on the unified theory of electromagnetism, hoping that it could become the ultimate "theory of everything" that he always longed for. After a period of fruitless time, he came to the sad realization that the theory is also not conceivable and was ready to accept his defeat. The acknowledgment of his failure was received with mix reaction by Bohr and his colleagues who continued on believing in the completeness of the Quantum theory. While some saw in Einstein's revelation as an honest warning and started to accept the hard reality that the physical world is not by itself complete, the rest of scientific communities were still not ready to accept the duality of the spiritual and the physical world yet. As one of the founders of the Quantum theory, Borh received all the credit for his contribution to the scientific progression. Having so far revolutionize chemistry to break free from the ancient paradigm of alchemy, his atomic model brought chemistry close to the breaking down of physical reality into basic components (Notes: The Conception of Atom). The empirical verification of the atomic reality came later along with its various proposed models of presentation. Nevertheless, Borh' s attempt to prove the completeness of the Quantum theory had also failed. Cross-referencing to Buddhism would show that his conception of Atom constituted in fact the basic element of the physical world (Notes: The Buddhist Conception of Paramanu). That left light and particle to be out of the classical chemistry's domain. Through a series of laboratory experiment, scholars came to the agreement that both light and particle as a whole could be empirically studied, but as an element could not be measurable and even not observable. From that finding, Einstein knew (or must to know) then that the Quantum theory is not complete. With the ill conception of the spiritual world, Borh fought off Eintein's view and he was not alone in the fight. Under the Copenhagen doctrine, a new generation of scientists continued on looking for the causes of light and particle without knowing that they already stepped out of the physical domain. Asking why the separation between the physical and the spiritual world was not current among scientific communities and the western world as a whole, the answer might lay on the Bible book of Genesis about the knowledge tree of life. Evidences show that during the early spread of the Man and later the Meru Culture, the separation of the physical world and its seven heavens were made available to all human beings of the globe (The Western Civilization: The Development: The Sky Gods and the Manula). Only after humankind rebelled against God by consuming the knowledge of God and Evil that the knowledge of life was made off limit to them. Evidences clearly show that all population of the earth practiced some form of witchcraft, one way or another. In Egypt, mummies were found among other vestiges that life after death was fully understood and exploited through the bad practices of witchcraft. The building of pyramids as tomb of powerful monarchs conveys that spirits of deceased monarchs had been deified into divinities in a cultural practices that spread all around the world by the Greek Hellenic Culture. The practices however stopped after the Buddha Gautama attained his enlightenment in the second half of the first millennium BC. The reintroduction of the knowledge of Life could be detected among Buddhist communities of their temple architecture of multiple stories or roofs representing the seven heavens of the book of life. These evidences could not be found in the west despite Ashoka and later the Kushan's attempt to spread Buddhism to Europe. Nevertheless their efforts had achieved a different kind of unexpected results. In the drive to promote science and technology, the enlightenment movement had stopped the practices of witchcraft in Europe altogether. The credit was due mostly to God but to the denying of the spiritual world's existence by the new scientific communities. In his own belief, Borh was right about the effect of ignoring the spiritual world ' s existence as perceived by current academic world view. He was wrong however about their real existence as evidences already proved that spiritual worlds exist either he observes them or not. According to the Buddhist knowledge of life, the seven heavens and the Nirvana planes complement the physical world in completing the oneness of our universe. Under this religious doctrine, Buddhism classified knowledge in three categories of which metaphysics constituted the class of knowledge concerning the inter-relationship between the spiritual worlds and the physical world (Notes: The Buddhist Classification of Knowledge).

The Spiritual and Physical Duality
From the religious doctrine, there are two types of spirits. The life spirit is believed to be permanent and stayed after the disintegration of the physical body. On the other hand, the physical spirits are impermanent and destroyed when the physical body is burnt or completely decomposed. During the lifetime of the body, it stays in control of the body's physical parts. For the integration of the spirit into its physical body, the best analogy so far is the software and hardware duality in the modern robotic technology. A reverse engineering reveals that for its specific or general purpose, a complex machine requires both hardware and software to work. For a simple machine, the hardware is equipped with a firmware that allows the conversion of a soft command into an electrical control of the hardware. For a complete work done, an operator uses either a simple program or buttons of the control panel to operate the machine depending upon the machine's design. This semi-automatic apparatus would be best used as a model of a physical entity that works under the control of an spiritual operator. For a complete automation, the machine requires a full blown software to run. Once the software is loaded, the machine will work on its own as instructed by each code of the software. It is important to note that for the mechanism to work, the software shall use the predefined soft commands that the firmware understand and convert it into electrical control of the machinery. This automatic apparatus would be best used as a model of a living entity, in the physical world on its own, without direct control from a spiritual maneuvering.
  • The Nature of Light and Particle
  • The nature of light had been so far studied in the quantum theory as part of science. Even though its cause can not be detected trough a series of experimentation, its properties were very much observed through out the optical experimentation. So far, these scientific experiments could not separate the nature of particle and life distinctively. This conception was the result of the double-slit experimentation. The observed uncertainty had led to the acceptance of the duality nature of light and particle as the basic element of the physical world. Scholars had been looking for resolution to the uncertainty dilemma, but no quick fix could be found. The duality conception appears to cause no serious problems to the basic principles of the quantum theory and consequently got the scientific communities' approval virtualy with no objection. Nevertheless, the conception of dual effects violates the deterministic rule of the causality law, even though apparently it bdid not bother the scientific communities of the time. For the uncertain nature of matter however, the break down of a particle into quark could have been the answer of the problem. With the conception of a quark, a light could be modeled as the effect of a quark of constant mass m, and traveling in a constant speed c while oscillating in a sinewave of fix wavelength lambda. The kinetic energy mc2 is needed to keep the quark oscillating as light, otherwise it will oscillate as a particle, in a circular wave of diameter equal to the half of lambda. Since the kinetic energy to convert from particle to light mc2 is very small (in relation to the mass m of the particle), light and particle could interchange state back-and-forth on the fly with a little variation of it kinetic energy. It explains why through normal laboratory environment, light or particle could be observe distinctively only with different environment set-up for measurement. In the double-slit experiment, such distinction could not be made without an electron-converter. Starting from the electron gun itself, the amount of electrical power that used to propel electron out of its metal's base atom could be exceeding the kinetic energy mc2. The excess of power would convert the electron to light right from the output of the electron gun. An electron converter is needed to make sure that no light, but only electrons would go through the double slit to produce no light interference effects on the screen. The though experiment explains why electron and light are easily converted from one nature to another by the variation of its kinetic energy mc2. In an environment that small amount of energy could not be effectively control, light and particle appears to be of the same nature. In an ideal environment however, they are actually of two distinctive natures. This separation of itsw partical from its light wave could solve many dilemmas of empirical experiments on the nature of the quantum physic. In addition, we shall propose to modify Bohr atomic model into a new model of which quarks could be considerd as the basic elements of atom though the conception of particle (Notes: A Modified Bohr's Model of Atom).
  • A Living Creature
  • For its own specific design, a living thing requires a different kind of software (the soul in religious term) to work. Without it, the physical body by itself is not functioning (brain death in medical term). This analogy is brough up just to illustrate the relationship between the physical and spiritual worlds and is not intended to make a real model of physical life as its complexity is very much above human comprehension. At the same tikme, empirical method could detect through observation the history of spiritual effect on the specific physiological part of the body. Medical discovery confirms that each person's brain varies from one individual to another and the brain was under-changed (hard wired) during its livelihood. With modern medical equipment, doctor can observe the dynamic of the brain and identify the different function of each part of it. For instance, the memory is a part of the brain that stores information of the past experience done through out the life of the body. Other experiments also confirms that the brain can react to external stimulus that allows spiritual agent to take control of the body part (Notes: Near Death Experience).

    THE LOGISTICAL SCIENCE
    Started as a subsidiary of religion, Metaphysics are currently left out from the mainstream of scientific application. Even though Einstein had brought cosmology out of metaphysics to be part of science, scientific communities are still ignoring other religious knowledge with no apparent reason other than they are part of religious dogmas. For them, metaphysics are being treated as part of philosophy that in a practical sense of it, were restricted to religious application. We shall argue that like cosmology, some specific metaphysics could be treated as part science in providing the answers on how physical entities with life sustaining were formed and controlled by the spiritual worlds.

    Metaphysics vs Science
    While Einstein announced his defeat on the pursuit for the unified theory of electromagnetism and warned fellow scientists of his over-expectation on empirical science, Borh continued to have faith on his quantum theory. The two different views became since the topic of hot debate that split the agnostic communities into two camps. With Bohr's model of Atom, the Quantum theory had accomplished its role to define the smallest element of the physical world, Through an empirical process, classical chemistry could construct molecules from atoms and in a reverse process deconstruct them back to their atomic elements. Nevertheless, the result did not satisfy Bohr of his quest for proving the completeness of the physical world. Following the establishment of the Copenhagen doctrine (Notes: The Copenhagen Doctrine), scientific communities continued on looking for the basic element of the universe, The break-down into neutron, photon and electron provide more description to the internal composition of the atoms, but still did not prove the completeness of the universe. At the contrary, it posed more problems as both laboratory and thought experiments could not define the constant causes that came with their conception, nor that how atom was physically formed by those elements. At least two more theories that are still being worked on, continued to generate hope of proving that Bohr was right. First the quark theory is being seen to show a lot of promise, but the results still did not meet the criteria of the Copenhagen doctrine. At the contrary, disparity of interpretations from laboratory experiments on quantum mechanic gave hints that light and particle are two physical effects of non-physical causes. On the other hand, the conception of the String theory did not only fail Borh 's original claim of the completeness of the quantum world, but also departed even more from the physical reality of a standard universe. The conception of a multiverses with a close entangling interference on each other reveal that the physical universe is not a stand-alone system. In that finding, the theory had confirm the existence of the multiworlds as prescribed in the Meru's knowledge of Life of which at least seven spiritual planes contributed to the formation and the sustaining of our physical world. As spirits from each plane constitute the source of life, the seven energies are the direct source of humanity' s vitality to the physical world. Nevertheless, we had seen that the theory had induced paradox against the established notion of the universe (to be one and complete) as known to this present day. To solve the problem, the scientific notion of universe has to be changed to include both the physical and all its complementary spiritual worlds (as described in the Sumerian cosmology). Also needed to be reviewed is the conception of science and its relationship to religion. Like Einstein had done for cosmology, logical approaches could render other space-time constraint' s field of knowledge to become a field of science. Known in religious discipline as metaphysics, the logistical science uses both empirical and logistical known facts to conceptually model its reality based on the intervention of the spiritual causes on the physical effect. Carried by both Hindu school and Buddhism, they concerned mostly on inter-relationship between the physical reality and its complementary spiritual worlds. In the new paradigm, the logistical method is critical to the validation of Metaphysical theories (theologies to be exact) to complement the empirical method when laboratory experiments are not possible to be conducted. Of their relation with spiritual causes, theologies could not be total empirically verified. For that restriction, they were perceived at best by scientific communities as a branch of philosophy having no other applications than to support religious spirituality. When it comes to the contradiction with their own scientific theories, metaphysics were conveniently tossed aside as irrelevant to the scientific findings. On the ontology of the origin of life to the conception of human species, scientific communities had so far discarded metaphysics to make room for unfounded scientific theories, just for the sake of promoting the empirical reality. Despite all the setbacks found during their development, they were mostly accepted due to their potential drive to make religion obsolete. As the physical world is not complete, the empirical method that constituted the main rationality in classical science fell short in the study of physical effect of more or less spiritual causes.

    The Logistical Methodology
    The ill separation of the spiritual from its physical world counterpart could be attributed as the cause of bias judgments by scientific communities for the acceptance of metaphysics to be credible enough as a reference to their own scientific theories. Aggravated by the social conflicts with religious laymen, the atheist communities used politic to get the upper hand over religion. In developing his theory of natural selection, Darwin immediately gained their supports in promoting his theory that was very much in conjectural stage to become quickly as a well established theory of science (Notes: A Scientific Theory). Claimed to be strictly adhering to empirical discipline, the theory was mostly concepted despite the unavailability of empirical proofs to support it. Mostly because of its potential contradiction to the creationist view of Christianity, supports from the atheist communities were overwhelmly strong. As much as micro-evolution could be accepted based on scientific observation, the macro-evolution that is concerning specifically about the topic of speciation is very much unfounded and worst of all left unproved. At the mean time, metaphysical knowledge of life and its derivative were conveniently ignored because they all were the targets of scientific takeover. Treated as a field of philosophy, a metaphysical knowledge would wait for its turn to be overwritten by a new field of science. Undeniably, the empirical method would provide better verification in regard to physical aspects of its topics and causes by modern scientific equipment that ancient religious schools could ever provided. Nevertheless, it could not replace the transcendental method of religion in any circumstances. Now that we have secured on the validity of the spiritual reality, religious statements should be treated with fairness. Cross-referencing between the scientific theory and the religious theology would enhance the reality of our current perceiption about our universe (Notes: Theory vs Theology). In fact, evidences proved that ancient religious schools had done their best to promote science in a supporting role for their religious knowledge of life. Before it was taken out by God from men, the book of life generated many fields of science that were in conjunction with metaphysics. It was men who had chosen to consume the fruit from the tree of knowledge of God and Evil (Notes: The Dark Side of Metaphysics). Depending upon topics that are relative to physical world, some of the fields of metaphysics should be better classified (cosmology is an iconic example) as a field of science. We start by classifying two fields of metaphysics, basing upon the nature of its topic of coverage. First we agree that the etymology of which the nature of knowledge constitutes the main theme of its knowledge would be best part of philosophy (Notes: The Nature of Philosophy). On the other hand, a sound analogy would show that the ontology of which the nature of standard physical entities or phenomenon (relative to its spiritual causes) is much closer to science than philosophy. Of physical nature, their topics could be observed by empirical methods and their properties would serve as the base of analogy or modeling in relation to their spiritual causes, for the though experiment needed to verify their related theologies (Notes: Analogy or Modeling in Logistical Reasoning). Of its practical application, ontology was more often than not treated as of forensic science, because of its extensive use of forensic method or investigation to validate its theory. Like in the court of law, forensic argument uses facts that were the results from both empirical and though experiments to make its conclusion. The use of though experiment as part of its rational base is actually the only feature that make the difference between the logistical from its empirical science counterpart. For long, the logistical method had been put to practice by the Meru culture to help humanity in understanding the knowledge of life. Eastern religious schools so far used this method on all topics that are relative to spiritual causes. Hinduism used it in their meditation practice, to attain higher truth of the observed data. On the other hand, Buddhism has its own discipline in using the method to attain the ultimate truth for a complete enlightenment. Mistreated by the western culture for a long time, meditation and thought experiment became obsolete from both the religious and scientific institutions of the west. As part of the Buddhist expansion, the method had been reintroduced back to the west by the Mahayana Buddhist schools, but received so far limited acceptance by the western scientific and religious communities. As much as meditation is used (as part of yuga) for mental exercice in the gymn, thought experiment is treated as the exercise of common sense by the scientific institution. The outcome is the enevitable discremination of the western civilization against religion and the break down of morality needed to sustain humanity of today.

    Space Relativity of the Physical World
    Prior to Einstein bringing up cosmology as a field of science, scientific communities already realized the importance of time in the dynamic of the physical world. In astronomy, Isaac Newton used the analytical geometry to develop the law of universal gravitation out of the observed motions of the planets by previous astronomers. In his analytical model of computation, time duration is one of the basic arguments of the law of gravitation. His mathematical model became since the basic building mechanism of the physical world that led to the break through of Astronomy as a branch of science. Even though time axis is not set as a fourth dimension, time duration is being used extensively to study astronomy. Through the time duration axis, time duration between the time of depart and the time arrival is both physical (observable) and empirical (measurable) that can be used in the computation of a dynamic event of the present time. Nevertheless, it does not provide all the answer for the cosmology of the deep space where history of the physical world could be traced further back in time through the observation by powerful telescope.
  • The Black Hole


  • The Birth of the Meru World

  • Piercing through space by powerful telescopes, scientists could detect the birth and death of space's entities such as stars, solar systems and galaxies, but never of a subworld (Notes: The Notion of a Subworld). Stayed mostly out of scientific observation are the birthh and death of physical subworlds as they were formed and controlled by individual spirits from the seven spiritual planes. A subworld is a cluster of galaxies that was formed and operated under its own space-time dimension, but is a part of our physical world. After the Big Bang, the Brahma subworld is the first to be born and the last to die out. It was formed based on the blue energy to shelter the highest of all spirits fallen out off Nirvana. According to Buddhist doctrine, our physical world and its subworlds are not permanent. The fact that we never detect a subworld 's birth and death is because our subworld (of which reside our solar system) was the last to be born and the first to die among all subworlds of our physical world. Formed on the ground of the brown energy, the Meru world. Its purpose is to shelter transitioning spirits from hell to each heaven and vice versa, in a complex operation that (according to Buddhist belief) had been designated prior to its formation. The ultimate mission is to return fallen spirits back into the Nirvana plane. In that perspective, the earth and its solar system were created along side with its heaven and hell to be the essential part of the Meru subworld. In that regard, the sumerian tradition aknowledges the Sun and the Moon gods to be the forefront of other gods representing entities of our solar system. To complete our physical world, five more subworlds were formed on each of the five remaining energies. According to Brahmnanism, each subworld has its own supreme spirit to take control and administer it livelihood in correlation with other subworlds. From the Brahma world down to the last heavenly plane, the spiritual intervention on the Meru subworld constituted the metaphysics of religious doctrines that were currently taught to humanity by religious institutions. For the benefit of both religion and science, a cross reference between the scientific and the Buddhist models of the physical world would give us a better view of how the physical superworld was formed and maintained (Notes: The Physical Superworld).

    HISTORY AS A BRANCH OF LOGISTICAL SCIENCE
    Like Einstein had done for cosmology, historical events could be treated as scientific effects that can be analyzed, theorized and to some extend predicted in correlation to their causes. We shall argue that history is actually a branch of logistical science. In its practical sense, history is the ontology of the past develop0ment concerning an entity of the physical world. Also referred as chronological accounts, historical event occurred continuously from the birth (conception) of the entity, through time chronology. Of its close relative to time chronology, historical events could not be reproduced in laboratory experiments.

    Time Relativity in the Historical Science
    By forming his theory of relativity, Einstein understood the important of time relative in the classical astronomy of the cosmos in a relationship to light traveling. Hoping to extend the classical astronomy in the broader range of space-time reality, Einstein added time axis as the fourth dimension to the three dimensional Cartesian representation of the physical world. His four dimensional space-time model of the cosmos provides scientists a complete environmental computation analysis for the cosmos to operate, but presented with serious setbacks that undermined the whole concept of the theory of relativity itself. Since it was not intended to be a real representation of the cosmos, but to add the gravitaional field into a more generalized theory of relativity, Einstein neglected of specifying that his time axis is just the same time duration axis that was used in the computational study of astronomy. He used it to model his space-time fabric that illustrate the relationship of the gravitational field with its surrounding bodies of mass. With no specification, fellow scientists made the crucial mistakes of treating its computational time axis as the same chronological time axis when they applied some of the results of his special theories of relativity into the field of cosmology in later time. When that happens, they created paradoxes in relative to the real nature of historical time chronology. The first among them was the misconception of time traveling (Notes: The Paradox of Time Traveling) that rendered the mysticism of the general theory of relativity to be rival those of religion. It was actually due to the mis-applications of the results of Einstein special relativity of time dilation in reference to the chronological time axis. We could immediately see its paradoxical nature by applying a thought experiment that was known as the "grand father paradox". It states that by using the time machine, one could travel back to the time that his or her grand-father lived. The paradox occurs when he or she decided to kill the grand father so he or she could not be born. Another paradox that was well known of its implication to the history of human kind as named "the Hitler paradox" would induce the same result. It states that knowing of what Hitler had done to humanity, a Jew could travel back in time to kill him off before he could order the whole genocide against the Jews and committed other crime against humanity to take places. Both thought experiments would prove that the time travel is not possible when applied to the real physical world. They were actually the results of the hypothetical nature of the Cartesian space-time representation that Einstein used supposedly to model the real cosmos in his general relativity theory. If the time duration is made in a complete compliance to the time chronology (Notes: Compliance Time Chronology), such paradoxes could not exist at the first place. One of the criteria is that time duration should always be positive to start from its point of depart (at the present) to its end point (of the future). In that restriction, going back to live in the past is just simply impossible. Empirically, a body of mass M traveling in the speed of v would be subjected to a kinetic energy of Mv2. To prevent the strong kinetic energy Mv2 from destroying the body itself, there should be a limit on the speed v for the body M to stay intact during the trip. If v is equal or greater than the speed of light, the body M simply disintegrated into lights. From the reasoning, the time chronology axis would allow though experimenter to travel back time to observe the historical event at its occurring, but not to experience the real past event itself. In other way of saying, time travel is just a simulation that allow the recreation of past event (right at its occurring time) in a though experiment to be observed free from any later interference. Ontologically, we could conclude that the time chronology is a physical constant that was defined as a spiritual conception, in association with the history of the physical world (Notes: A Physical Constant). For the cosmology that is both physical and historical, the chronological time axis of its historical events is needed to prevent the delusion that could be induced by the computational time axis. With that finding, precausions needed to be made when applying results from Einstein's special theories of relativity (that were concepted in reference to the time computational axis) to the new restricted physical reality of the time chronological axis. At the mean time, we co0uld darw the following conclusion that in the physical world, no entities could travel faster than the speed of light. In contrast, any entities that could travel faster than the speed of light must to be of spiritual worlds. In the theory of the phycal world' s formation, what were mentioned to be spreading out, during the early inflation stage of the Big Bang, was actually the dispersion of spirits that were responsible for the early formation and control of physical entities.

    The Buddhist Cosmogony
    In the Sumerian cosmology, the time chronology is modeled as a real (of base 60) representation of the time clock that control the dynamic of the real world. Representing seven spiritual worlds of different space-time dimensions, their space-time fabric are modeled as flat curves or planes in parallel to each other. With that presentation, the paradoxes that were induced (through the conception of only one big space-time dimension for the whole universe) in Einstein 's theory of relativity could be avoided. In conjunction to the spiritual and physical duality, the Sumerian model was ahead of Einstein computational model (of a single curved space-time fabric) in extending itself to accommodate the existence of the spiritual worlds. With that accomodation, all the theories of earth formation and its living entities could be referenced to the intervention of spirituality. In coherence with the reality of the whole universe. the interference of the spiritual worlds could be no longer ignored, especially when any Process of formation, growth and development could not be proved through empirical experimentation or by scientific observation. The introduction of time chronology axis to the Meru World would also bring the Sumerian cosmogony into consideration in the development of its history. Cosmogony describes the role of spirits in the formation of the physical body as a mean to carry on life in earthly environment. To accommodate the interference of the seven spiritual worlds (on the Meru world), the Sumerian cosmogony divide each Kalpa into seven yugas. In practices however, only four yugas are observed; they are the Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dvapara Yuga and the Kala Yuga. In correlatio to the Buddhist cosmogony, each Kalpa is the time frame for each Buddhisatva to rule the earth and to attain his enlightment. The practical division of a kalpa into its four phases (called yugas) was actually in conformance to the Buddhist teaching of the four noble truths, which consists of birth, maturity, old age/disease and death. According to Buddha Gautama's teaching, these noble truths apply to all living thing of the Meru world, including humanity itself. In a simple case scenario, a living thing would have its body subjected to be born, grow into maturity, incur with old age and desease and finally die while its spirtuality was being updated with information of its physical experiences. After the physical death, the spirit is subject to be repaired and made ready for the next physicl life cycle. Other than that, Nirvana is the only way for the spirit to escape its repeatable vicious cycle. Buddhist tradition says that the earth is designed to provide environment better suit the souls for improving their merit toward that goal. It would be a waste if a living thing does not choose to make the best of the offered advantage. Of each creation, the Meru Culture taught us that humanity had been guided through by the trinity of God' s interference. As Brahmanism started first to take care of the birth. Sivaism came next to take care of its maturity. Last and not least, Buddhism would take care of its old age and disease in the preparation for its death and salvation. During the Bhadrakalpas, five supreme Buddhas are assigned to guide humanity and other living things hrough their own bad karmas. The Bhadrakalpas composes altogeher five kalpas of which our current Buhha Gautama was allocated to be the fourth of the line (Notes: On the Time Frame of each Kalpa and its Yugas). The previous Buddha to get his enlightment was Buddha Kassapa. In the last part of his kalpa, the flood deluge happened following the massive creation of man species as recounted in the Sumerian epic of Atrahasis. With the help of Empirical findings we shall follow Buddhist time-line chronology to trace back the history of the earth and its related knowledge of life through tradition and other unconventional records available through out religious practices of the world. Coincidentally enought, the start of the Bhadrakalpas was in concordance to the appariton of modern men around 40,000 years ago. Considering that there were already four Bhadrakalpas already came to pass and each one of them took 10,000 years in average to accomplish. The coincidence led us to believe that the five Buddhisatvas of the Bhadrakalpas were all born in modern human forms while prior to that they were born in Brahman form. With all the divine intervention into humanity and life on earth, the souls have nothing else except themselves to blame for their own failure in making progression toward Nirvana. At the same time, the Darwinist theory of evolution based on natural selection process needs to be reviewed, simply because all living things of this earth were protected in their own environment by the spiritual worlds.

    The Evolution vs the Revolution
    The scientific theory of evolution by natural selection was proposed by Charles Darwin i his book "On the Origin of Species" that was published in 1859. Prior to that, Scholars claim that it was Alfred Russel Wallace who conceived the theory in a join work with Darwin. It was first demonstrated by the observation that more offspring are often produced than can possibly survive. Thus, in successive generations members of a population are more likely to be replaced by selected groups with characteristics that fit best their respective environments to survive. A conclusion was drawn that all living things on Earth shares a last universal common ancestor that lived many billion years ago and that all forms of life are resulted from evolution. As much as the reasonment is plausible, the argument left out religion compleytely of the equation. On the ground that the spiritual world exist, the theory had been challenged from the start by religious institution, because it contradict the religious faith in regard to the spiritual interference on the living earth. It is important to note that the law of evolution was not new to Buddhism. Derived from the causality law (The Western Civilization: Notes: The Causality Law), the Buddhist law of evolution states that all physical effects are more or less subjected to the law of evolution. For a composite effect like the historical event, the law of evolution particularly adhered throught the time chronology. As much as the theory of evolution is the base of Buddhist doctrine of life occuring on earth, the Dawinist theory of evolution by natural selection for the origin of living species is not compatible to its spirituality based knowledge of life. As far as the scientific theory (of evolution by natural selection) could be applied in the microevolution of the physical body of any species, it does not apply to the macroevolution of speciation from a common ancestor as claimed. In Christianity where creationism took hold, the conflict was ever more stronger. Amid the religious confliction, skeptitism started to grow among fellow scientist (including Darwin himself) as far as the theory was left without proof for too long. It had been a while since Darwin published the theory, but still no proofs were found to validate the theory until now. At the mean time, religious schools were very clear of their claim of the interference of the spiritual world on the formation of life in the physical world. According to ancient religious litterature and historical records, the earth environment is very much controlled by spirits to maintain its suitability for living species to occur. In that condition, both the formation of a new specie and the extintion of an existing one could be hardly occurring naturally, let alone by the natural selection process. The mass extinction so far found to the dynosurs specie that happened millions years ago, was obviously not done by natural selection but by a catastrophic event. since then no proofs of existing specie 's extinction by natural selection could be found, even though evidences show that the extinction of homo-erectus species realy happened. Two competing theories were so far formed trying to give their own explanation to this dilemma of natural phenominon. The proponents of Darwinist natural selection theory maintained their postulation that, the formation of a new specie and the extinction of an existing one is a slow and gradual process that took a long period of time spanned to accomplish. Perhaps because of this long process that proofs were destroyed along the time spanned through the second law of termodynamic. Theirs opponents, mostly from christianity background, however claim that through creationism, the formation of a living species and theirs extinction were done on the fly through god's personal powers. In between, we found in Meru tradition and later in Buddhism a different answer to the dilemma. As much as the formation of the physical body could be formed by earthly elements, spirits are essentially the source of life of the living organism. The four elements that are water, earth, fire and air were known to constitute the living thing's physical elements, were actually presented as the four primal divinities of the Sumerian Pantheon. In later version of the Sumerian mythology, they were replaced by the Sumerian trinity of Enki (representing Water and Earth), Enlil (fire) and Anu (Air). They were the progenators of earthly living things and their basic element for their physical body was the dumb-clay (Notes: The Dumb-Clay as the Basic Element of Life). As we know by now that cell is actually the basic element of a living body, we believe that the Sumerian dumb-clay was referring one way or another to a living cell. In Sumerian mythology, the dumb-clay that is the basic element of life was closely associated to the four primal gods and later to Meru in their creation myths. In corelation between the Sumerian knowledge of life and the modern scientific discovery, the formation of human species was done through spirituality in the formation of a cell and the natural process of reproduction to give birth to the new specie (Atrahasis: The Creation of the Man Specie: The Creation of Men). Through the devine interference, the time required for the development is obviously shorter than that of the natural selection process. That could be said the same for the extinction of an existing specie as well. In either case, a revolution and not an evolution could be attributed to the start up of a new specie.

    THE HISTORICAL DATA
    Scientific communities were so far made themselves constrained to the empirical paradym that limited very much their ability to include culture and religion into the causality equation of humanity's development. The separation of the physical from its spiritual world counterpart would undeniably open up more horizon to the history of humanity with the mere fact that religion created humanity and not the other way around.

    The Incompleteness of the Empirical Data
    For empiracal data that have no specific origin and date stamps coming along with them, mistake of interpretation is the norm when applying to the space-time bound historical events. To secure the accuracy of the hightly dynamic nature of humanity' s development, thought experiment would help to either identify their location of origin and (or) to chronolize the events. The most intangible of them all is the linguuistic study of which many forms of historical information had been used extensively to support other discoveries in modern historical science. We shall present here some case studies about its application that proves to be beneficial to some cases if applied properly, but otherwise would lead to all sorts of misconception to others. For instance, we had used the result of the glottochronology that dates the split of the Mon-Khmer language from the Austroasiatic family between 3000-4000 years ago (around 2000-1000 BC) to approximate the return of the Kun-lun flood's survivors back to the plain of Southeast Asia that marked the end of the Hoabinhian culture around the same time frame (Prehistory: The Move toward the Plain: The Split of the Kamara from the Austroasiatic Family). In this case study, the geographical mapping of the Khmer-mon language movement fit perfectly into the spreading of the Moi-forts in between 2300 and 300 BC. Nevertheless, this association of the linguistic analysis to the real historical development, works best in this case study when no other events are known to occur during the long suggested time frame of the split. When applying the linguistic geography and chronology of later date, care should be taking care of possible interferences that might complicate the regional setting. This was because the dating and the locating of the events through liguistic analysis often leave a wide window of uncertainty very much unsuitable for a tigh chronolozical event occuring. On the topic of austronesian language dispersion, the Belwood's model of the austronesian language spreading that started around 2000 BC from Taiwan had been used to justisfy the migration of the polynesian islanders from Southern China. The time frame would perfectly fit when applied to the migration theory of agriculturist society of southeast Asia, except that it contradicts the gene analysis that show if such migration existed it should originated from the Malay archipelago instead to be directly from Taiwan (). challenged by other theories that provided better pictures of geographical mapping of the dispersion. evidences show that the real events happened much more recent and from a location different than the linguistic study had suggested previously (Champapura: The Cosmogony of Po-Nokor: The Cham Banis and the Southern Spread of Austronesian Language) With that limitation, it is expected that the history of humanity could be completed by scientific discoveries alone. True to the conception of physical and spiritual duality, scientific communities need to accept religion as another alternative sorce of knowledge. At this moment in time, we don't even know when and how humanity actually started. Western schools dated the European civilization as far back to the Greek Empire. After Alexander the Great launched his massive campaign over the Near East and Mesopotamia, Greek scholars found out that Middle East was once the site of a great ancient culture. They furthermore realized that Greece was not the first civilization of the world. Aristotle had mentioned about the Atlantian Culture that might have been the forefront of the all European Culture. Unfortunately, his enlightment was soon forgot when European societies experience grow under the progression of science and technology.
    The Prehistoric Data
    In modern time, history could be compiled entirely from historical records that are made available through the progression of science and technology. With the progression of science and technology, a rigorous way of writing history along with efficient way of recording historical events help humanity in its own quest for preserving the truth of its development. Plenty of sources make modern history much more empirically easy to apprehend and verify. From that conceptual progression, history could be applied to a broader range of subject ranging from a simple entity to a complex creature and its related life sustaining field of knowledge. So far, scholars had extended its application successfuly in the development of many field of scientific based knowledges. Conforming history into empirical discipline is not only troublesome, but also is by far impossible. Like Einstein had done for cosmology, though experiment is critical in verifying the chronology of the historical events that derived from empirical findings. With the availability of scientific dating, acheology had been so far critical of human misinterpretation. Efforts should be made the same to improve the accuracy of the event dating from the linguistic and DNA analysis. At the mean time, we need to explore all available sources that deem to provide us with additional information of the past. One of such sources is religion. As we had argued, humanity started and progressed in close connection with religion. we shall argue further that recorded prehistorical data of humanity were mostly available through religion. Excluding them from the current practice of compiling history books is what made modern history in general, incompleted. The compilation of the deep past history however is always a challenge. Going back time, historical records are less and less available that forced scholars to create their own theories to patch-up the missing links. Mostly inducted from a rather small collection of historical data that were available to them, historians made their own construction to fill out the gap. Discrepencies were then expected as bias view due to political afiliation of modern time also created a big impact on the scientific community as a whole.

    Tradition as a Source of Prehistoric Data
    One of the least explored among historical sources is tradition. Unlike written records, custom and tradition presented many challenges to modern historian of secular view. The major drawback that concerns them the most is the authenticity and the accuracy of the sources. In modern societies, customs and cultures are often mixed and changed occurred due to external interference. As educated members are open to new knowledge and use them to benefit themselves and their communities, customs could change overnight. To make the matter worst, fictional myths were freely introduced to spice up old beliefs or new tradition in the efforts to make them appealing to modern audience. Going back in time, less and less interference allowed ancient societies to preserve their customs through the elapse of time with little or no distortion. In Southeast Asia, rich prehistoric records are still available through tribesmen living at the mountainous or dense forest areas whose knowledge of their past had been taught from generation to generation by the words of mouth. Left alone, they are masters of their environment and happy the way they are. If there are no great natural disasters or epidemic outbreaks that could affect their courses of life, they were mostly self-sufficient and live harmoniously with nature the best that they know how. As their tradition stayed on and pretty much preserved, they are as good as living records of their past (Notes: Fictional vs Non-fictional Myths). Southeast Asia as well as the pacific islands are still home of such societies that, through their tradition, reveal different stage of civilization after the Great Flood. Beside oral tradition, their current lifestyles and societies are priceless historical information to be uncovered. In complementation to conventional historical data, proper deciphering through scientific means would yield additional information that could be used to complete the missing links that otherwise are not available in other sources. Taken out of possible distortion, ancient myths and folklore were too important to ignore that could solve many of the prehistoric enigmas still presented to human kind of today.

    Religious Mythology
    Due to the complexity of God intervention in humanity, religious data was often scripted in myths. Metamorphism had to be considered when interpreting ancient religious scripture in modern time. Through the law of relativity, their intended meaning were often distorded through time and space during the development of humanity. Fictional and non-fictional myths were both expected to be present in the teaching of religious scripture (Notes: Religious Mythology vs fictional Myths). It could be distinguished between fictional and non-fictional myths (Prehistory: Introduction: Tradition as a Source of Prehistoric Data). Religious mythology was found to be containing . In a natural development, we shall see that the use of fictional myths was depending upon how the religion was created and applied to the general audience. It is found to be a common practice that religious laymen added theirs own commentary when preaching. To make it more appealing to general audience, fictional myths are often added to support theirs view. With the elapse of the time, original myths were tainted and became distorted while fictional myths were accepted as part of the religious practices. Within Buddhist communities, the Hinayana (the small vehicle) school of Buddhism was taught following Buddha's teaching and mythology was restricted to the bare minimum necessity. On the other hand, Mahayana (the big vehicle) Buddhism allowed more freedom to include fictional mythology in their teaching to the need of the general audience. It could be said the same for other so called religions of today as well. Southeast Asia was actually the source of most the myths that were found first inscribed in ancient Sumerian tablets and later included in western scriptures. Accounts of the Torah and the Bible's book of Genesis could also be regarded as refined stories of the Sumerian folklore brought by the Meru court to Middle East. It is interesting to note that many other versions, were also found spreading around the world (Civilization: Notes: Manu Vaisvata). Their disparity could be explained as the outcome of the overall mixing of languages imposed by God among men. That could be said also about the Sumerian Account of Creation (Enuma Elish) and of the flood Myth (Atrahasis) since they were mostly compiled outside of the Meru Culture. Continuing on the argument of the spirituality role in the formation of our Meru world, religion was by far the sole source of pre-historical records for us to observe the deep past of our universe. The result convinced us that it was religion that created humanity and not the other way around as claimed by scientific communities.

    Reference:
    1. BHT: A Brief History of Time, By Stephen Hawking
    Notes:
    1. The Empirical Reality
      The physical reality as confirmed by the empirical verification, which are resulted from the laboratory experimentation.
    2. Reality and Observation
      Observation is a process (among many others) of experiencing reality, but is not its cause. As Einstein pointed out, Bohr was wrong in the association of observation as a cause of reality. For instance, the spiritual world exists, no matter what we observe it or not.
    3. A Scientific Theory
      A theory is a coherent group of general propositions used as principle of explanation for a class of phenomena. In its early stage, it is a proposal induction that is still conjectural. To become a scientific theory, it needs to be verified extensively using the empirical method.
    4. Theory vs Theology
      Theory is a proposed statement (or a group of statements) of the field of science while theology is about those of the field of Metaphysics.
    5. The Nature of Philosophy
      In its specific sense, philosophy is the rational investigation of the truth and principles of being, knowledge of conduct. In a more general use, it includes the rationality that secure the validity of science (by the empirical method) and of other fields of knowledge by their own rational methodologies.
    6. A Modified Bohr's Model of Atom
      From the observation that a white light could be split into a spectrum of colored light wave, we could model a simple atom of hydrogen as an interlocked system of seven quarks rotating in seven level of circular orbits. Starting from the electron orbit down to the last seventh of the innermost orbit, each quark has it own specific mass representing the seven levels of kinetic energy needed in their contineous rotation. In this model, a complete combustion of the hydrogen atom could produce a white light (like the one that was radiated from the sun) or a more or less a complete spectrum of seven visible lights. For a complex atom, each orbit might contain many quarks rotating perhap aound a nucleus in a more complex mechanism. In this modified Bohr's model of atom, the elecvron is actually the quark moscillating in the outermost orbit. The photon is actually the set of four quarks oscillating between the innermost and the electron's orbit. Last and not least the innermost quark and the core of the atom constitites its neutron.
    7. The Copenhagen Doctrine
      Based on Bohr's original belief, the Copenhagen Doctrine believes in the physical world's completeness upon the Quantunm theory and that reality is based on observation.
    8. The Buddhist Conception of Paramanu
      The Buddhist paradigm, all physical elements could be broken down to the smallest of the physical element call the paramanu. By this definition, the basic element of the physical world paramanu is referring in fact to Bohr's atom.
    9. Multiworlds in the Knowledge of Life
      The Sumerian cosmology divided the universe into many worlds of both Physical and spiritual nature. As described in the Meru's knowledge of Life, their union would form the complete universe as one. With that separation, it is clear that science and religion each has its own separate domain. The failure to do so is what creates the dilemma of the great scientific paradox during the enlightenment era. Undeniably, the empirical method could provide assistance to religion in verifying physical effects that are due to spiritual causes.
    10. The Spiritual Reality
      The non-physical reality as confirmed by their effects into the physical worlds or by transcendental meditation.
    11. Two Purposes of the Meditation
      Two kinds of application could be drawn out from the meditation. First, the analytical meditation allows the yugi to move the observed object close to the observer for better observation. Through mental simulation, he could analyse the observed event free of interference. On the other hand, the transcendental meditation induces in-depth access into the core of the spiritual world and allows the yugi to contemplate spiritual causes in their interference to the physical world.
    12. The Conception of Atom
      The conception of Atom is not new to European scientific communities. Right after the enlightenment of Buddha Gautama, evidences show the notion of atom had been available to Greek scientific communities along with the start-up of European Enlightenment era. Greek philosophers and scientist Democritus already talked about Atom as the basic components of Chemistry.
    13. The Buddhist Classification of Knowledge
      The physic (or physical science) that is concerning knowledge of causes and its effect within the physical reality could be best taken care by the empirical method. In contrast, religious knowledge that is concerning about the causes and effect of the spiritual world (or worlds) could be best taken care of by transcendental meditation. In between the physical science and religion, the metaphysic that was dealing with the physical effect by spiritual causes could be taken care of by limited empirical method along with though experiment or analytical meditation.
    14. The Physical Superworld
      We shall refer our Physical World sometime as the physical superworld (or simply superworld) to avoid confusion in consistency with the scientific reference of the physical universe (or simply the universe). If no confusion is needed to be prevented with its physical subworlds, We shall simply refer it as the physical world.
    15. The Dark Side of Metaphysics
      It is not to be confused between metaphysics with the dark-side mainstream of witchcraft or esoteric practices. In Zoroastrianism where the magical practices are open to all, the mis-application of metaphysics could be extreme. Even though they were banned from the core of the Meru Culture, there are evidences that they are being also practiced in a close circle in Hindu and to the least extend Buddhist communities.
    16. Analogy vs Modeling in Logistical Reasoning
      Analogy: a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to be another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of known similarities in other respect. Modeling: an abstract representation of a system or phenomenon, with supporting hypotheses required to describe the system or explain the phenomenon.
    17. The Notion of a Subworld
      The notion of a physical subworld is relative to the physical world. In a reference to the physical superworld we refer the Meru and Brahma subworlds simply as the Meru and Brahma worlds.
    18. The Paradox of Time Traveling
      As a result of a mathematical analysis, the dilation of time could lead to a paradox when applying to the extreme condition. If an entity could travel faster than the speed of light, it could travel back to the past that defies the standard nature of time chronology. In that extreme case, the Lorentz constant that is used to compute the observed time relative to the real time is not a real number. Despite of its controversial nature, time traveling became the talk of the scientific communities that promoted furthermore the theory of relativity's mysticism. On his side of the story, Einstein was not so sure about its reality as he already suspected that in the physical world, nothing could travel faster that the speed of light.
    19. Compliance with time chronology
      The observed time duration should always be positive, meaning that the observed time of arrival should always be in future or the same in reference to observed time of depart. Any other case would be a contradiction to the nature of the time chronology axis.
    20. A Physical Constant
      A Physical Constant is an entity that is not effected by any physical causes.
    21. On the Time Frame of each Kalpa and its Yugas
      It is important to note that the sart of a kalpa and its duratiatio varies depending upon the condition and the achievement of each Buddha. It could be said the same for its yugas. We colud easily check out that We are now in the the kalayuga through of which wars and all sort of calamnities are the norm. Also not to be confused between Buddhist kalpas and yugas and those of Hindu tradition, especially of Vishnuite sect.
    22. Spiritual Condition for Speciation
      Meru once surmounted all his creatures to find out if any one is unhappy of its body so that he could redesign it to fit theirs need. No one of the animals objected since their bodies were designed to suit their spiritual requirements. For instance, human body was designed to suit god spirituality. To accommodate spirits for the returning back to Nirvana, human brain was designed to allow access into the spiritual world through high state meditation and in the process could attain enlightenment.
    23. The Dumb-Clay as the Basic Element of Life
      As in most religious term, the dumb-clay should not be literally taken as a piece of clay dumbed with water, but as the basic element of life. It was consistenly referred in many Meru and Sumerian accounts of the creation myth.