The Western Civilization

Project: The Western Civilization
Author: Lem Chuck Moth

Started date: June/01/2003
Last updated: June/30/2016
All right reserved.
Since this paper is still drafted, the readers would be advised to ignore any context errors. The content is not final and subjected to be reviewed.

In its western definition, civilization is associated with cities, states and high standard of living. Great civilization in addition has to have power, prestige and most of all conquests recorded in its history. Through archeology, scholars first found Mesopotamia and later the Indus Valley to fit into the western definition for the cradle of the world civilization. Based on the Vedic texts, scholars also knew that the Indian Civilization was due to the Aryan culture. This finding created enigma as they had no idea where this culture came from. Since then, theories were formed to illicit some of the archeological finding. The Aryan Invasion Theory (AIT) was, for a long while, accepted by most. This was due mainly to the fact that the Rigveda glorified the Aryan invasions by horse-drawn chariots which scholars wrongly credited as the winning edge technology of the Aryan invaders over the Indian tribesmen of Gangetic India. Scholars postulated that the Aryans invaded Gangetic India, which they developed into a civilized world called Aryavata or the abode of the Aryan Culture. The finding of the ruined brick towns in the Indus Valley however required a revision of the theory since it indicates that the Civilization of Gangetic India might also been due to the Indus Valley culture. Even then, the AIT prevailed and to fit into the theory it was the Indus valley that was invaded. There is no evidence so far that these speedy horse-drawn chariots were having such advantage when used on the muddy land of the tropical region of the Indus Valley, let alone the rest of the Gangetic India. Instead, slower oxen carts and especially elephants were much more suitable to the specific condition and were highly priced by both Indian and Southeast Asian rajas. The invasions by horse-drawn chariots on the other hand, were instead more adaptable to the torrid region of Central Asia and Middle Eastern regions. As we had identified that the Aryans of the Rigveda who caused such hot debates among scholars to be no other than the Sumerian (The Man Race: The Meru Culture: The Aryan Identity), other puzzles also fall into places. After the lost civilization of the Khmer Empire was found and the identification of the language used in the stone inscriptions as Sanskrit, the same language used by the Aryans to script the Vedic texts, the connection of the Angkorian civilization to the Aryan culture is immediate. Still scholars stopped short of investigating further the Angkorian-Aryan connection and failed to see the similarity between the ruins of Angkor and of both Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley. Based largely on the wrong premise that Hindu and Indian civilizations are the same, scholars assumed that the Hindu legacy of Angkor was just an offshoot of the Indian or the Indus Valley civilization.
The Aryan Rule
It is undeniable that the Hindu heritage was already a complete package and a product of India when it reached Angkor. Its origin however is still in hot debate as many theories had been formed but none is satisfactory proved. The Aryan Invasion Theory, for instance, implicates that the Rigveda was brought by the Aryans who were not Indian by origin. At the same time, scholars agree that Middle East was in fact the birthplace of modern religions such as Judaism, Muslim, and Christian. In collaboration with religious institutions, archeologists unearthed rich collection of vestiges and were able to bring-up some of the regional civilization to light. Many events and holy sites mentioned in religious manuscripts or scrolls had been identified, but still many questions remained unanswered. One important clue that scholars got from archeological finding is that Middle Eastern civilization evolved from an earlier civilization that was yet to be identified. What scholars did not know is that this western civilization was part of the overall Hindu development and that both the Mesopotamia and the Indus Valleys constituted actually the early stages of its development. We shall argue that it was actually the expansion of the Man Culture from the eastern footstep of Himalayas that had been transplanted in central Asia since its early stage. After spreading over the Tian Shan ranges, the culture started to expand itself to other parts of the world. In a specific arrangement, evidences show that Meru extended his empire through consortium with the Queen of the West (The Man Race: The Shan Mythology: The Aryan Identity). In the same pattern that Hindu and Buddhist universe is mentioned to spiral around the celestial Mount Meru, we shall verify that the Sumerian culture had in fact made its way around the physical mount Himalayas. In the same argument, we shall prove that Sumer of Mesopotamia was no other than one of its western centers. Vestiges left behind were unearthed later as proofs of its existence during its stays at Middle East.
Archeology had unearthed numerous clay tablets found among vestiges at Mesopotamia. By deciphering them, scholars soon discovered an alien civilization and named it after the archeology site that was known to the locals as Sumer. Scholars soon identified that many myths or folk-tales, found in religious manuscripts of Middle East, were in fact originated from the Sumerian culture. The legacies are still preserved in rich archeology sites of the region as well as recorded in many existing religious scriptures of today. Even though some of the tradition had been already incurring changes, they are nonetheless providing rich information that reveals the oriental origin of the Sumerian culture. The Bible, in particular, contains accounts that are contributing in shedding light to the origin of the Sumerian culture. The reference of Sumer as Jin-nara, for instance, brings Sumer back to the eastern Jin societies of Southeast Asia.
The Sumerian Mythology *
From archeology, scholars suggest that the Sumerian civilization started around the early fourth Millennium BC. It also confirms the Sumerian cultural epicenter to be located at Mesopotamia and in addition it indicate to us that it was once the Middle kingdom of a cakravatin empire (The making of a cakravatin empire: Introduction). Chronologically, it coincided with the early foundation of Egypt that, according to the modern history, was formed after the first unification of Egypt named Narmer. The late proto-dynastic "Narmer Pallette" depicts King Narmer, wearing the crown of Upper Egypt, crushing a people of the Nile delta. On the reverse side of the slate he is shown wearing the Lower Egyptian crown. We shall identify that Narmer of the depiction was no other Meru (or his son Mahameru) who, after marrying the queen of the west, went the settle himself on the throne of Egypt. Egyptology dated the foundation of the Egyptian royal house since the early fifth millennium BC at the same time that the immediate descendants of King Samantha spread themselves around the world. The Queen of the West might have been a member of the early Egyptian royal house, prior to her marriage with Meru. Our identification of NarMer as Meru does explain not only the emergence of the first dynasty of a unified Egypt, but also the new development of Middle Eastern civilization as well. His exploit was not only restricted to the Nile Valley but over Middle East as a whole. In further study, we shall see that the similarity between the Sumerian organization (especially during the early formation of Sumer) with that of the far-reached Eastern Asian civilization of Ta-tsin of Manipura could be connected. The establishment of Nippura, at the north of the Valley to be ruled by the god of air Enlil, was in fact a reconstruction of the Tian Shan or the celestial mountain. Depicted as a mountain with rays on the clay tablets, the Neither-world stayed on as a Sumerian spiritual connection with the east. On the other hand, the establishment of Eridu at the South, ruled by the god of the earth Ki (or Kia) and later by Maraduk, could also be a replica of the Water Kingdom or Nokor Tuk (Tuk means water in Khmer language). Also known as the underworld of the Naga, Mahidhara of Southeast Asia matches the Underworld of the Sumerian mythology (Nagadvipa: Introduction: The Naga's legacy). The two elements, the earth and the air, were later associated with the essence of femininity and masculinity that along with the fire and the water, formed the four principal constituents of life as prescribed in the Meru Culture (Nagadvipa: The Shan Cosmology: The human creation). To make a complete set of the quad-divinities, the Sumerian introduced the god An for the fire (the heaven) and the god Enlil for the water (the sea). Replacing Ta-tsin of Manipura, Mesopotamia became now the new Middle Kingdom of the world. Evidences show that through out its existence, Mesopotamia still maintain its cultural dependency with the east. The mystic Nether-World that was represented as a mountain with the sun ray on top could be no other than the eastern Nokor Phnom or Takkasila of the Tian Shan range (The Man Race: Nokor Phnom: Takkasila). It was believed to be the sacred place that the Sumerian gods still resided along with the direct descendants of the King Samanta. At the same time, the Meru court of Egypt started to exert their own authority over the west (Sakadvipa: Introduction: The Meru Legacy) and transformed the whole world as his empire. Continuing on his predecessors' mission, Meru brought the Man Culture to the western world. Nonetheless, adjustment needed to be made in establishing the new order. From the start, we had seen the brotherly feud between the Sun, the Moon and Sura becoming more and more troublesome (The Man Culture: The Shan Cosmology: The three celestial brothers). This could be the outcome of political turmoil between eastern religious schools after the ascension of Meru as the cakravatin monarch and was elevated as the Moon God Tsin (Notes: The Sumerian God's Life Span). In the Sumerian pantheon, the Sun and the Moon continued to receive notices while Sura seamed to be forgotten. While Meru was taking the commanding lead, the Sun god was nonetheless revered even though apparently in second rank. Unlike the early Meru Culture where the Sun god was the eldest of the three siblings, the Sun god Utu of Mesopotamia was standing behind the Moon God Tsin. Our assumption is that Meru, as a Cakravatin monarch, would start on a review of the cosmic forces that, according to religious conception, would play important roles in the welfare of his mature empire. The arrangement was consistent with the fact that at this stage, humanity already entered into its maturity stage and needed a substantial leadership to bring humanity to the next critical phase of the Kala yuga.
The Sky Gods and the Manula *
An important achievement of the Meru culture was the explication of the "Book of Life" into becoming a knowledge base for humanity. Introduced through Brahmanism as the Manula (or the manifestation of Manu), the book of life ' s main theme was the effect on life by the spectrum of the seven energies (Notes: The seven Daughters of Brahma). By now the Man Race already knew well about the effect of the Sun and the Moon gods but not of Sura whose reign was going to rock humanity after the decline of the Moon God Tsin. It was the job of the Sumerian scholars to look for the planet Sura in the preparation for the Kala yuga to come. When they noticed the beautiful planet Venus, they realized that it was too good looking for Sura. They then associated it to the goddess Inanna who, according to their tradition, was no other than the daughter of the Moon God and his consort Ishta. This discovery however gave them more clues on how to look for other siblings and soon discovered Mars. This time they found what they were looking for. Mars fits perfectly to both the appearance and the personality of Sura, but still was assigned to the Goddess Ishta who was the consort of the Moon God Tsin instead. The Sumerian scholars must to realize by now their mistake about the identity of the third celestial brother Sura, as they started to realize that the eclipse was not a planet. The finding would cast Sura to be no more as one of the three divinities of the past as he has no reality and is just an optical illusion created by the movement of the Sun and the Moon in conjunction with the earth. The ommission of Sura in the new Sumerian school of belief might have been the cause of the Sumerian downfall later in Middle East (Notes: The Conception of Zoroastrianism). After more planets of our Solar System were discovered, Sumerian and Hindu scholars increased the number of celestial siblings to seven divinities. Each sky's god was associated with his or her specific energy that potentially constitutes his or her power. In a complex timetable arrangement, the Smerian scholars believed that each Sky god is taking turn to rule the universe. Starting from the smallest unit of time, to the larger time-frame of a Yuga and a Kappa, the arrangement is modeled the same as for each day of the week. The first of the line is the Sun god Utu, borrowed from the east and his energy is white. The Sumerian Moon God Sin who was Meru himself and was originally a prince from Ta-tsin, rules Monday with his brown energy. After the moon, Mars was soon discovered or at least made its influence felt through his powerful red energy. The goddess Kala, the second personality of Siva's consort Parvati, known also as Ishta in Sumerian cosmology, was the first divinity to be associated as the war's goddess. Many other Hindu deities associated to the Red Planet were mostly warlike such as Agni, Rudra and Indra. Named in Hindu Cosmology as Buddhi (meaning knowledge in the western terminology) the next planet is Mercury of the yellow energy. It took many centuries later for Buddha Gautama to be born and to be associated to the Buddhi planet. At the mean time, many Buddhisatvas were credited to promote peace and knowledge awaiting Buddhism. Ruled by Siva's son Ganesha, the next planet Jupiter represents prosperity and good luck and its green energy was crucial in the formation of the commercial activities that make Assyria the world's trade center in the past. The next planet Venus, on the other hand, is well known in western cosmology as the goddess of Love and her energy is pink. Despite her well-known warlike personality, the goddess Innana was made to rule Venus in Sumerian pantheon. The last planet of the line, Saturn represents perseverance and the will to conquer obstacles; its energy is blue. The western Capricorn's sign was also associated to the same planet after the Makara of the Meru Culture representing the great flood. The discovery of our Solar System by the Sumerian or Hindu scholars was by all means the set point in the interest of astronomy. It was the very first correlation between the Sky and earth' s relationship that constituted the base of Hindu Astrology. The concept was that our physical universe is not a close (complete) system, which according to the first law of thermodynamic is constant. At the contrary it is an open system, which received interference from all other seven spiritual planes. By then, the notion of the seven heavens had been completely defined through the spiritual planes of the seven spectrum of energies (The Man Race: The Shan Mythology: The Transition from the Makara to the Meru Culture). For bigger time frames, Hindu scholars had established a concise timetable that help predicting the course of events in human history. For smaller time-frames, the arrangement is too complex for laying out such distribution. During the thriving of the Sumerian societies, astrology became one of the important fields of Brahmanism (Notes: The Conception of Astrology). The sky became their indicator of any heavenly interference to the physical world. The eclipse, in particular, was believed to be the indicator of Sura manifestation. As its application became more and more essential, the Sumerian and later the Hindu scholars started to collect more information about the sky that led to the foundation of astronomy.
The Moon Culture *
Through the clay tablets, we notice typical western developments that are new to the eastern Man Culture. The representation of divinities in animal forms, in particular, could have been due to the importance of local life-style and economy in the Middle Eastern environment concerning living stocks and animals. It is also important to note that Siva later took the name of Pashupati, Lord of the animals, perhaps for the reason that his venture did include now animal husbandry, the main industry of the African continent. Animal representation of the 12 years cycle of the Lunar Zodiac was then scripted at Mesopotamia before it was introduced to the Eastern World. Siva's mount, the Nanda is a bull and Siva's son Ganesha has an elephant head. The bird-headed Sun God with wings, in particular, was new to the early Meru Culture. The Sumerian' s reference of the Anunnaki as "Dingir" became a new symbol of the both gods and angels. The representation of Western Angels to have wings and the conception of Garuda by the Hindu folklore to be the carrier of Lord Vishnu, might have been conceived from this representation. We shall see later that it was a symbol or an image of the Sun god Horus, found as the most revered divinity in the Egyptian pantheon in later time. The last transformation of the western culture confirms to us that the Moon Culture started to receive challenge from its opposition force. Our knowledge about the conception of the Cakravatin Empire allows us to connect Mesopotamia to the development of the surrounding world and explain the rich heritage that the western civilization received from the Meru Culture. Centered on the island of Crete, the Minoan Civilization flourished from 2700 to 1450 BC. Archeology confirmed that it was a maritime culture with a seemingly high standard of living. From vestiges left behind, scholars postulate that the Minoan Civilization was primary based on sea trading. One important aspect of the culture is the apparent use of the first alphabetic scripture, known as the Linear A scripture. Scholars believe that it is the predecessor of all modern alphabetic scriptures of today. Perhaps used for commercial bookkeeping, the scripture was the progression from the alphabetic derivation of the Sumerian pictographic script in Mesopotamia. Evolved next into the Mycenaean Greek's Linear B, the progression became the source of intellectual development later in the Greek society as well. Evidences also show that the Brahmi scripture of North India and the Ho scripture of Central Asia might have been evolved from the same source. By possessing elaborate mean of recording, it is undoubtedly that the Minoans were among the most advanced civilized societies of the region. Nevertheless, the Minoan Civilization failed to record its own history. Archeology so far failed to compile the history of the Cretian Civilization and its history remained still in the dark until modern days. The Minoan identity that was given by scholars to the culture, based on the legendary king Minu, was also misleading. Evidences show that king Minu was not contemporary of the Cretian early society, but was present at Crete at later time right before its destruction (Notes: King Menes or Minu). One could speculate that the historical lost could be attributed to a catastrophic event that caused the downfall of the culture at the half of fifteen century BC. Evidences show that the Cretian civilization came to an abrupt end that, according to scholars, was caused by the eruption of a volcano. The eruption was so violent that, along with earthquake and tsunami, had wiped out Crete and destroyed all its surrounding towns completely except Knossos. The impact was so destructive that reminds us about the disappearance of the legendary Atlantis (Notes: Atlantis). Crete lost all its past despite many efforts by scholars to look for clue from score of rich vestiges, found among palaces and luxurious places. The records of Cretian kingship was so far not found neither in Crete nor in neighboring Mycenaean communities that survived the disaster. It leads us to believe that the Cretian civilization was not of a standalone kingdom but was a part of a bigger empire. Chronology sets the rise of the Minoan Civilization exactly at the time that Egypt declared itself as the Middle Kingkom of Middle East. The connection between the leadership of the Caannite communities with the court of Egypt was well attested by the Egyptian source. It is known that family's members of Caanite rulers, were sent to Egypt to be raised and received their education as part of a cakravatin empire, the same as family's members of the Egyptian Pharoah. The arrangement does not only confirm the supremacy of Egypt over Crete, but proves its extension into the Mediterranean ream as well. We know now that Cain, the first son of Adam and Eve was actually the progenator of the Cretian Civilization. Evidences seam to suggest furthermore that Crete was actually the forefront of both the Atlantic and Mycenean Greek Civilization and in consequence was the forefront of the European Culture. It is also important to note that Crete was later known as the birthplace of the supreme god Zeus of the Greek cosmology (Sakadvipa: The Birth of the Saka Nations: The Trade Routes).
After its first discovery, the archeology sites of the Indus Valley reveals a great civilization by itself. Ruins of cities and perhaps states were left with numerous monuments and building of backed bricks. However, other vestiges found at major sites like Mahenjodaro and Harappa were scarce and not meaningful enough to tell a whole lot of story. Scholars are still having problems to decipher a number of clay tablets found at the sites and the majority of historical facts are still hidden. Nevertheless, they were able to date the civilization to start around 2500 BC and to end approximately around 1700 BC. The absence of high value artifacts, especially of religious relief, tells us that the abandonment of these brick's buildings into ruin was not due to any catastrophic disasters.
The Arrival of the Aryans*
Since its discovery, the similarity of vestiges unearthed at the Indus Valley with that of Mesopotamia reveals connection between the two regional cultures. Even though located in two different continents, communication through the Arabian Sea was quite common. In addition, land route between the two continents might also exist through Iran, Pakistan and Afganistan. The finding leads us to believe that the two valleys were in fact the seat of the same civilization. On the other hand, seals of cuneiform scriptures and pictograph's depiction on clay tablets reveal that the remains of the baked-brick buildings were once religious pantheons and commercial headquarters of a cakravatin empire. The start of the Indus Valley's civilization at 2500 BC, obviously was connected to the high of Mesopotamaia' s expansion under the Meru Culture. The architecture of the ruined brick-monuments found in Mesopotamia indicates that it was dedicated more to religious and cultural activities while the Indus Valley with all its elaborated storage and granaries was more likely suited for commercial and perhaps military activities. As Mesopotamia's past was already well known and that the Indus Valley would share the same legacy, its historical book is already been written as part of Middle East' s subsidiary. On that though, we would try at first to identify who were the original people of the Valley. We start by refuting the well-published theory of Aryan Invasion as the cause of the Valley' s downfall. Sign of struggles are noticed and mass graves of dumped bodies could be proofs of external attacks, but clearly its magnitude does not convey the same massive attack as speculated in the Aryan invasion theory. Our own understanding of the Cakravatin Empire allows us to have a different view on the abandonment of Indus Valley Civilization. We shall see that it was instead planned and gradual just as it was happening to Angkor in two millenniums later (Nokor Catumukh: The Last Angkorian king: The Abandonment of Angkor). In conjunction with the Aryan invasion's theory, the Dravidians were first thought as the native people who inhabited the Valley before the arrival of the invaders. To make room for the Aryans, they had to escape south to where they stayed in present day. Even-though appealing, the theory contrasts itself with many important facts. First the Dravidians themselves hardly had any recollection of such Aryan encounters and apparently had retained no legacies of the Harappan culture. Secondly, it is well known that geographical barrier between the South and the North limited such escape south. If it ever happened, the migration limited itself to only a highly privileged groups and not for a complete transfer of mass population. The next proposition that was concerning the native Austroasiatic people, the Mundas of India or even the Khmer-mon of Southeast Asia, to be originated from the Indus Valley had also brought to consideration. As both geographical and cultural links between the two regions were already been proved, the theory has obviously more credential merit. Nevertheless, we have to accept the fact that traces of Austroasiatic origin at the west moving east to pass through the Gangetic India are by far not found or recorded neither through tradition nor written records. On the same premises, we also have to reject the assumption that they were pushed all the way that far to the mainland Indochina. As we shall see, the only displaced people during any invasions or political unrest of the past, were mostly members of aristocratic elite who were targeted because of their power-base establishment or their wealth (Indianization: Early Indian Contacts: Indian migration). We had also argued that the Austroasiatic origin was at the east and was established at Southeast Asia at least since the great flood. Evidences also convey that the Gangetic Valley as many other low-land areas surrounding mount Himalayass were submerged. The mass migration, if it ever existed, was occurring from the east to the west. In that though, we shall argue instead that the inhabitants of the Indus Valleys, as of Mesopotamia, were local inhabitants who were closely connected with Sumerian scholars or administrators working for the Meru's cakravatin empire. New findings show that they were from the Sumerian court of Ur who were displaced (or chased out) by the Semetic court of Seth (The Decline of Western Civilization: Tartarization: The False Prophet). Despite their achievement and importance in the court of Meru, the Nandas would soon experience their own downfall (Notes: Satan and his Downfall). After settling at the gangetic India, they spreat the Aryan culture into the region that bacame known as the Aryavata. They were joined later by a new wave of refugees from the falling court of king Osiris and his consort Isis and left Egypt due to the usurpation of his brother Seth (Notes: The Fight between Seth and Osiris). According to the Egyptian mythology, Adam's offsprings became soon subjected to their natural power stuggling. While Seth took over the west, Osiris's descendants took refuge at the Underworld where Osiris became next its ruler. It was actually referring to the Gangetic India that, according to the Sumerian cosmogony, became the regrouping ground of Middle Eastern political refugees and displaced Sumerian Brahmans from Ur (Notes: Isis's Origin).
The Development of the Gangetic India *
In correlation with the emergence of the Aryan culture in India, scholars were facing with dilemma to complete the history of the foundation of Aryavata. Most scholars however agreed that the Aryans were not local and were from the West. Of scholastic background, their settlement at Gangetic India contributed to the emergence of the Hindu Culture. It was here that all the Vedas were compiled or scripted. Through its content we knew that the Rigveda was composed during the early foundation of the Meru Culture. The same way that the Sumerian language was used in Sumer in clay tablets, the Sanskrit Language was used mostly for religious themes in Hindu manuscripts. In that setting, we conclude that the Sanskrit language was not native, but was instead invented to suit the Hindu Culture. The Mesotamia and the Indus Valley's past connection leads us to believe that it was actually the progression of the Sumerian language. Perfected by Hindu Brahmans solely for the sacred Hindu rituals and other religious purpose, Sanskrit presented itself as one of the most elaborate language of the ancient world. Western scholars claimed its origin to be the same with the European languages and located its source to the mount Caucasus where Indo-Aryan tongues are still predominant (Notes: European Culture). As their cognate Sanskrit language, they were conceived and introduced to their communities through cultural contacts with the Sanskrit fluent Brahmans. For instance, the Indo-Aryan tongues of the Gangetic India, known also as the Pakrit languages, were conceived after the Aryanization of the Gangetic India. On the same premise, proofs of Indo-aryan tongues to be spoken and widely spread into Anatolia could be checked out only after the Aryanization of the Gangetic India and during the invasion of Nebuchadnezzar deep into the Caanite territory (The Nagadvipa: The Naga Mythology: The Naga Land). The foundation of Taxila as an academic center for the Hindu Culture was by all-mean another catalyst of the spreading of the Indo-Aryan languages to the rest of the world. As to the modern scripture, evidences show that Mesopotamia had been in contact with the Cretian Civilization since the beginning of Middle Eastern civilization. In fact, we had argued that all Caanite communities, including Crete, were under the Uru (Ur) Cakravatin establishment. During their escape to the Gangetic India, the Sumerian scholars must to have on hand, the latest development of Middle East which include the alphabetical scripture. The Linear A scripture, for instance, was brought with them and developed into the Brahmi scripture. More studies might reveal the detail of the Aryan development in Gangetic India and how it was related to the rest of the world. At the mean time, we are confident enough to conclude that both the Sanskrit Language and the Brahmi scripture, regardless of their origins and influences, were the final products of the Gangetic India. Nevertheless, signs of fraction within the Meru infrastructure had been noticed at the Hard core of the Sumerian cultural site. The epic of Gilgamesh and Innana reflects the restlessness of the two epic figures in regard to their day to day rivalry. In western representation of the Tree of Life, the serpent (Meru Culture) still kept the root intact, the trunk was on the other hand occupied by Lilith (Me Desa) and the (phoenix) bird started to make its nest on the branch of the tree. By the time that Gilgemesh and Enricu killed the Bull of Heaven (the Nanda), the Naga (Meru) Culture retracted itself to the east. Historically, the event took place after the Akkadian taking control of Mesopotamia in 2000 BC. Even-though the Meru culture still prevailed, we shall see that changes were already imminent over the establishment of the Middle Eastern Cakravatin Empire. The use of Akkadian language in later clay tablets found in Mesopotamia indicated that the next rulers of Mesopotmia were not Sumerian, but Semite. Scholars are able to trace the event to the end of the third dynasty of Ur with the last king Ibi-Sin being defeated and captured, supposedly by an Akkadian ruler around 2050 BC. The real event might start earlier in 2340 BC after the attack by Sargon of Akkad on the first dynasty of Ur that coincided with a major development in Egypt of dynastic change after the end of the Old Kingdom' s era. During the ordeal, the Nanda escaped to the Underworld and after making their settlement at the Gangetic India, started to build up the Hindu civilization. Just as Gilgamesh had accomplishe his goal, it was Innana's turn to go to the east looking for the tree of life. After many setbacks, she was allowed to pass trough all the gates of the Underworld. We could not get anymore information from the Sumerian clay tablets, however the rivalry between Gilgamesh and Innana confirms the fracture of the Meru establishment that characterized the decline the Meru Culture at Mesopotamia.
The Kuru's War *
Among ancient Hindu epics, the Mahabhrata is by far a rare documentation about the political crisis during the shake-up of the Bharata's world. The whole epic is about the feud between two branches of the Mahabharata' s family along with the divine intrigue of Lord Krisna, the eight incarnation of Lord Vishnu. During the feud between the Kaurauvas and the Pandavas that escalated into a big scale epic war, Krisna played the role of a policy maker that led the two family' s clans into fighting with each other. Unlike other folktales, the Mahabharata epic was very much well composed to treat as a regular fictional story. In the attempt to decipher the story line, scholars were facing with many setbacks that prevented them to draw any meaningful historical facts from the epic story. The first enigma was about the location of Kuruksettra where the Kuru's war was carried on. Since the story was compiled in India, it is assumed that Kuruksetra of the epic battle was local and was the same as the Kuruksetra of the Gangetic India. This assumption contradicts head-on with the timing of the Kuru' s war since circumstances that were described in the epic must to happen earlier than any recorded events in Gangetic India. The fact that the godfathers of all the Kuru princes were mostly primitive gods of pre-Hindu era suggests that the event was happening before or during the early Arianization of the Gangetic India. By then, Kuruksetra where the conflict was taken place was mentioned as a powerful kingdom having many allied nations to take part in its destructive war (Notes: The Kuru's war). From the list of allies summoned by each side of the two camps, we noticed many countries of Southeast Asia, India and Middle East to take part in the war that was nothing short of a worldly war. Neither archeology nor other sources are available to show that the Kuruksetra of the Gangetic India had the same status of Ur at the time. Mesopotamia where evidences show still a high civilization of a Middle kingdom is where we should look for as the actual site of the epic battles. Etymologycally, Kuruksettra was meant to be the kingdom of the Kuru Kings that also was a reference to Ur of Mesopotamia. With the Sun god Uru (Utu in the Sumerian tablet) as the ruling god King, Kuruksetra was an important kingdom of the Meru' s Middle Eastern cakravatin empire. It is also consistent with the fact that the contenders of the war, the Kaurauvas and the Pandavas were two branches of the the Ur' s royal house belonging to the Mahabharata family, From there, we could date the Kuru's war to start no later than the fifteenth century BC, which according to the Hindu timeline would fit to be the start of the Kala yuga. According to the epic's story, the war lasted until the Pandavas completely destroyed the house of the Kaurauvas and forced them to take refuge at the Gangetic India. Archeology later confirms its destruction by a series of bloody and destructive battles conducted by the Assyrian on the Akkadian court of Ur. The finding created doubt of attributing the lovable heroes of the epic, the Pandavas princes with those Assyrian invaders who were known to be cruel and inhuman during the invasion of Ur. We know however that, in the exception of Yudhisthira, all the Pandavas princes were sent to hell by the court of Lord Indra after the end of their life. Obviously they were not that innocent as portrayed in the story line compiled by one of their own admirer, Vyasa. It is a typical example that history' s accounts or epic stories of religious folklore could be taylored to suit the opinion of the compiler and his audience. Under cohersion from Krisna, Arjuna and his brothers turned themselves into war criminals. At the end of the story, Krisna was killed by a hunter when he visited the ream of his friend, the Naga king Balarama. It is said that his death was due to a carry-through by the curse of destroying Kuruksetra by the queen mother of the Kauruvas. His legacy and teaching however stayed on to initiate another phase of human civilization. The Kuru's war clearly portrayed the start-up of a new-world order that left scars of destruction through the west. As Ur fell under the Assyrian, a new development under the Sun god Horus was taking place. A new school of Brahmans then emerged to promote the new religious concept, developed by a class of scholars known later as the Sakabrahmana (Sakadvipa: The Saka Nations: The Sakabrahmana). Evidence seams to suggest that the father of Abraham, mentioned in both the Christian Bible and the Muslim Koran as a native of Ur of Chaldea, was himself a member of this new class of Brahmans. The apparition of the Sun god Ra represented by the symbol of Annanuki of the Sumerian tablets was the set point of launching a new discipline, the Vishnuite Culture (Notes: Garuda as the Mount of Vishnu).
After the great flood, humanity sprung up again from the disaster. This time, the survivors found their ways to outlive and thrive through diverse natural disasters. Each existing civilized society has its own tale to tell about their heritage through tradition or archeology. Unfortunately, as religion and civilization go hand in hand, the human and divinity relationship complicates the matter for a simplistic answer (The Book of Genesis: Of God and his Creation: The Creation of Men). Unlike their Austroasiatic peers, the western Adam was rebellious. Their obsession with the "knowledge of God and Evil" brought confusion upon themselves that was going to be aggravated during the Kala Yaga to come. With this perspective, we shall explore the new history of humanity through the Buddhist Dharma taught by Buddha Gautama. Limiting our scope on the "Book of Life", we are trying to explicit some of the world's enigma that we are still facing today.
The Harrian and the Hittie *
Since the great flood, we know that humanity entered its maturity through many centuries of development. As a moon god, Meru's main challenge was to include new hunter-gatherer societies into the mainstream of the Man culture. Western religious schools commemorate the events as the conception of Adam and Eve in their scripture later in the history of Middle Eastern religious practices. With the help of his consort, Meru could bring at last the "Tree of Life" to plant in the west. Nevertheless, it was the queen of the west who guarded the trunck of the tree and the bird (the God Horus) made its nest on the branch while the serpent (Meru) is kept at the root. The depiction clearly reflected the turn of event that forced Meru to give-up his control of the Middle Eastern Cakravatin Empire. It was the fate of the old societies known as the Harrian who was the worshipper of Meru by the Hittite people. In the Christian Bible, the Hittie were mentioned as small groups of people living on the mountaintop over-looking the Caanite states. Archeology however shows that the Hittie was once a culture that spread itself over the whole Anatolia region of Southern Turkey. As the presence of Indo-European languages found to be spoken widespread in the region, some scholars even postulated that the language was brought by the Hittie and supplanted the Semite Harrian tongue. Assumptions were made about the settlement of the new Hittie migrants who came to replace the Harrian and became the dominant people. This misconception was common to modern historians influenced by Darwinian concept of natural development of both culture and morality. In this specific framework of which we need to guard against, race and nationality were developed in parallel to ethnicity, Before going further, we need to remind ourselves that race and nationality are by far one of many illusions induced by cultural or political evolution (or revolution). The same as Southeast Asia, Middle East is a land of diverse people and the process of interbreeding complicates further attempt of racial classification through natural development. The Caanite for instance, as other early Sumerian communities of Egypt, had their leadership originated from the Jins of the Meru court. By interbreeding with the locals it is doubtfully that trace of their Jin, let alone their Cain's ancestry, could be detected without ambiguity. But as people, they were local of mix African and Middle Eastern stocks who were subject to the Moon Culture. Going back in time, the difference between the Caanite, the Harrian, the Hittie communities are more noticeable through religious classifications, based on diverse cultural ancestry. To start, we are confident enough to identify that the Harrian were the same Middle Eastern stocks who, as subject of the Meru leadership, practiced the pre-Vedic Sivaite or Hara (Ho la) Culture (Notes: The God Allah of the Islamic school). The Kala yuga brought up a new development that was remembered next as the rebellion of Satan against god by the western tradition. By refusing to bow before Adam, Satan got his punishment from god, to leave the Meru court. With all his angels who were still faithful to him, Satan made his way back to the east. In reality, it was Seth who casted out the Nandas from Middle East. In the Sumerian tradition, it was Gilgamesh himself who banish the bull of heaven to the Underworld. Nevertheless, the western cosmogony always blamed Satan for anything wrong that happened to them. The next joining of Innana with Satan (in the underworld) howevr resulted in the decline of both the Akkadian and Meru Rule in Ur. In Egypt, the cultural revolution brought down the old lineage of the Moses dynasty who were reduced to become slaves in the new Egyptian royal houses. Helped by his consort Isis, Osiris returned back to life and took the Egyptian throne from Seth. Modern history of India commemorates this event as the start up of the Indian Sun Dynasty of Gancetic India, Manu Vaivasvata, formed from the primeval legacy of King Manu (Notes: Manu Vaivasvata). The members of this Indian Solar dynasty were in fact the offspring's of Osiris and Isis, conceived under the new Sun God Horus. After the Kuru's war was won over, the eclipse god Sura would gain substantially credibility to take over the Moon God Tsin 's reign over Ur. Political as well as cultural changes would be seen under way taking the whole of Middle Eastern establishments. In Gangetic India, the Nanda perfected the Sanskrit Language and taught it in Taxila along with Vedic texts. Under that circumstance, Indo-European communities were formed while Anatolia became the spreading ground of a religion with Ashura presiding as the godhead. For the rest of their existence, the people of Anatolia were practicing the new Hari cult and were known as the Hitties. They were actually the same people of the two brother nations (the Caanite and the Harrian) and spoke the same Semite language until they were overrun by the Indo-Aryan speaker Babylonian and later the Elamese. They were first converted to the Hari Cult of Vishnu through the Pandavas Royal House of Ur after winning over the Kuru's war and as the Kala yuga progressed, they bacame convert to Zoroastrianism.
The Abrahamic Schools of Religious Practice *
The Kuru's war coincides with the Egyptian tradition about the unification of Egypt by King Menes during the fifteen century. It followed by the start-up of the New Kingdom in Egypt by the emerging ninetenth dynasty. In fact, it was the reunification of the broken Middle Eastern Cakravatin Empire after the conflict between the Kauruvas and the Pandavas. Also known as Minu in the Greek folklore, Menes was known in Hindu folklore as king Manoah (Notes: Manu or Noah as derivatives of Manoah). Constituting the resurrection of the new Sun or Man Culture, the Hittie brought the legacies of the Manu and Noah's flood together. In this development, Noah's descendants would colonize the western world and started a new era of human civilization. The same way that the Middle East Cakravatin Empire was restored, the descendants of King Menes would set the Egyptian pantheons under the divinity of the Sun god Horus. In a twist of faith, the Meru culture was not revived back as the god Asura took the opportunity to establish his own era in conjunction with the Kala yuga (Notes: Zoroastrianism against the Moon God Tsin). At the time that Krisna was elevated as an avatar of the Vishnuite Cult of South India, the worshipping of the Moon God Tsin at Ur was fading alongside the disappearance of the Kauruvas. It was from here on that the Moon God Tsin' s genesis started with the portrait of a zealous god despaired to save the last western humanity from the dark side of the Kala Yuga. By then, evidences show that most descendants of the Abraham school were no longer Harrian and were adapting to the emerging trend of Egypt. The Rama Line of Kings was working to set themselves as the next avatar of the god Ashura and reduced the previous lineage of Moses to slave. After bringing them to freedom, the Moon God Tsin settled the Isralite at Judah among the descendants of Abraham. The assimilation, however, was not taking place in Israel as well as in the Harrian country where the Sun god Horus already started his incursion. Under this circumstance, the Abrahamic school split itself into two groups of Sakabrahmans of different affinity distinguished themselves through different discipline and cosmogony. The first group stayed devoted to the Moon God Tsin and practiced the Hara cult. Like the Harrian communities of Middle East, their numbers were shrinking through out the Kala yuga. In close connection with the Indian development, the Kamboj Brahmans were worshipping Shiva, but in most cases became Buddhist. On the other hand, other Sakabrahamans were Vishnuite owing their precept to the late development of the Assyrian school of thought. Taking the form of a more aggressive image of a falcon or an eagle, the Ananuki of the Assyrian pantheon created a new class of Sakabrahmans suitable to support the aggression of the Kala yuga. Their social status was elevated during the cultural reform of the Sun god Horus in the foundation of the Hari Cult. Casting out both the Nanda and Kamboj Brahmans back to the east, the Vishnuite Sakabrahamans launched the God Ashura as the sole divine being of the universe. Like their Kamboj Brahmans compatriot, they made their way across India and were present themselves at last in the Khmer court.
The pre-Angkorean iconography of the image of Surya, with their short tunics, short boots, and sashes similar to those of the Zoroastrians, is clearly of Iranian inspiration. Perhaps these images represent the sun, considered as a Magian or Scythian Brahman, who is designated by the name Sakabrahmana in Angkorean epigraph. Even the cylindrical head dressing of the pre-Angkorean images of Vishnu can be regarded as showing Iranian influence. (ISSEA: The Second Indianiztion: Funan: Reign of the Indian Chan-tan)
By presenting themselves as the top cast of the religion, the Hindu Brahmans set themselves as the driving forces of the next generation of Indian Royal houses. Back in Middle East, the Sakabrahmans were seen as the preceptors of all modern Abrahamic schools of belief and by taking control of the politic of Middle East, set the new generation of Abrahamic god's worshippers into antagonist factions (Notes: The Bad Practices of the western Religion). To make the matter worst, the Israelite failed to realize that their bad practices already drove their god to leave them for the final exit from Middle East to the Gangetic India (The End Time: The Ezekiel's Prophecy: The final Exodus from Middle East). At the same time, new generation of Abrahamic schools would allow themselves to fall under many false prophets that brought the Kala Yuga into becoming the plague of the western culture.
The Transition into Buddhism *
Despite their fundamental differences, it is fairly to say that credible religions of today shared more or less common background resulting in common believes and ethical values (Notes: The Meru Heritage). One such believes is about the end of our current Meru' s culture. Even though different on how it happens, all agree in the time line that it will be near. Historical data, on the other hand, did not only support the Prophesy but also provided us with clues on how it will happen. Coincidentally enough, the hints came from the same region that the Meru first Civilization was thought to be originated, Mesopotamia. At the time that the Moon Culture completed its half cycle in bringing up material gratification to the western world's civilization, Hindu scholars recorded the starting of the Kala yuga. As civilization took a big leap, conflicts popped-up along with power struggling. After the take-over by the Akkadian and later by the Assyrian powerful houses, Ur grew into a rich and powerful country but soon fell and became history. Powered by the Red Energy, the god Ashura took hold completely of Middle East. Practicing their knowledge of "God and Evil", humanity built their own cults based on creating their own idols. Under the Sun Horus Lordship, the Vishnuite cult successful drive could be checked out through the legacy of the New Kingdom's genealogy. The etymology of the title "Ramesses" of the next Pharoahs identifies them as the Asura son of the Sun god Ra (Notes: Cryptography of the Word "Ramesses"). In Hindu cosmology, Ramasura was quoted to be a descendant of Rashu, also known as Sura or Asura in the Sumerian cosmogony. In Egyptian genealogy, the Ramesses were the second generation of the Mose' s lineage ruling Egypt after the Hyksos. We shall further identify them as no other than the descendants of Osiris and Isis who took refuge in the Underworld during the last crisis. The Egyptian word "Hyksos", meaning the ruler of foreign land, was referring to the Cholan leadership that went back to take control of both Egypt and Mesopotamia. At a first glance, it looked like the freedom of religion had been implemented among men that allowed powerful figures to build themselves powers through religious practices built around idols of their choice (Notes: The Freedom of Religion). Little that they know, their freedom was just the illusion of the Kala yuga. Amid the chaos, each religious faction soon started on fighting each other In the name of their god. The Bible' s book of Genesis conveys a drastic measures taken by the god of Abrahanm in the attempt to restore his own legacy back among the Israelites. Leading them out of slavery from Egypt, he provided them all the means to build their new country into becoming a new Jerusalem for the Moon God Tsin. The Isralites however, were also lost with the rest of the western societies in the development of the Kala yuga. With all his effort to bring Ishael back to light gone to waste, Meru made his final exodus from Middle East into the underworld (The End Time: The Ezekiel Prophecy: The final Exodus from Middle East). In Gangetic India, the Indian Cakravatin Empire transformed itself to become the seat of another world religion, Buddhism. Buddhist scholars believe that Budhha Gautama was born right at the middle of the Kala yuga to introduce the world the new law of Dharma for humanity to cope with the Red Energy. During the last stage of the Kala yuga, Buddhism managed to thrive against all odds and by repeatedly defeating irrationality brought salvation to the east. Nevertheless, the Kala yuga already took the western world into its spell. It took heroic efforts of Buddhist monks to spread the law of Dharma to the west. Many world leaders by finding out that their military powers were far to be reliable chose righteousness as result and renounced aggression. It confirms the Buddha's prophecy that Buddhism would take the central stage in the next Satya Yuga to come. In the era that all priorities would yield to rationality, peace and prosperity could be achieved without the fear of any unwanted apocalypse. Unfortunately at this current stage, the Meru culture started on ending its complete yuga and pessimism still has all the reasons to loom. At the high of the Kala Yaga, the west started to work itself up through the red energy. With the knowledge of "God and Evil", men started to doubt god's credibility and made themselves head of the pantheon or churches. At least until the end of the Kala yuga that would stop once for all humanity's madness, conflicts and wars were becoming the norm of the new world order. Since the exit of Meru Culture, Middle East and subsequently the west went on their own odyssey to build their civilization based on military conquest. Since the investment on armament, especially on the mass destruction's type, is still the main focus of the world's obsession, peace is taking a back seat. If all the promise of the Satya Yuga sounds too good to be true, it probably is. For the benefit of human kind, it is up to the human race to apply this coming Satya' s energy to the fullest or to stick with the unfinished agendas carried over from the last Kala yuga.
Found among existing cultures, common legacies led to the conclusion that the World Civilization of today evolves from a few sources, if not from the same source. The finding created a stirring-up among nations to claim that their own heritage was the original one. This national pride, supposedly harmless, when tainted by the wrong feeling of ethnic or racial superiority, gave ways mostly to the past and current international crisis. The feeling of supremacy propelled aggression as the justification of domination was often based on the wrong premise that others are inferior. What is disturbing is that many downfalls of ancient civilized societies, either by self-inflicting or by conquest from others, were caused by the same wrong knowledge and still, the same fallacy is seen used for widespread mass manipulation.
The Transition into Buddhism *
At its actual state, the human culture had been passed on in many phases to be transformed in an evolution independently from ethnicity and nationality. New findings show that many parts of the world were both the recipients and contributors of the world civilization of today. Archeology moreover unearthed vestiges of civilized societies that sprung-up and fell back into obscurity in many other parts of the world. The findings prove the life cycle of these past great civilizations, as none so far had escaped the fate. Of the extinct civilizations, some had been proved as caused by natural disasters, but many still paused serious questions about the cause of their downfall. In their quest to find a universal truth, each religious and scientific institution had come up with its own theology or theory to explain the great enigma of the human history. The Buddhist Law of Evolution is considered by most to be compatible with modern science, even though there are still differences in the detail of the statement. In this theory, all things of this physical universe are subjected to the law of evolution and have life cycle. Contradicting other religious believes, the Hinayana canon of Buddhism goes far to claim that all spiritual worlds are also subjected to the same law. Itself a close derivative of the Causality Law (Notes: The Causality Law), the law of evolution implies that the only way to get into Nirvana (the eternal state of no birth and no death) is to escape all of physical and spiritual universes altogether. It is important to note that this late Buddhist conception of life was not available in the Abrahmic schools of teaching. Before the Meru Culture reached Middle East, evidences show that the western world had learnt through trials and errors in sustaining up their day-to day hunter-gatherer lifestyle. After Meru brought the Man Culture to implant upon them, the western world was brought up quickly through materialistic progression. Soon after the Kala yuga started, the Moon God Tsin found out that he was running a race against time. With no preparation for the Kala yuga to come, the western world became facinated with their own materialistic creation. Along the way, the Kala Yuga induced many setbacks that proved how fragile this western civilization is. Unable to change its course, Meru exited the western world and concentrated on his next task to come. Before he did, evidences show that preparation has been made to expand the Kamara culture into the eastern world. Through the Tchou dynasty, the Hiong-wang kingdom was set to bring the Meru Culture back east and on the same development made its trancition into Buddhism (The Nagadvipa: The Hiong-wang Kingdom: The Tien-Tchou Dynasty). It was through Buddhist discipline that salvation came to pass while the western world was still waiting for that to happen. At the mean time, Western world powers rose=up just to succumb shortly after. The Greek, the Mauryan, the Yueh-shish, the Roman and later the Mongol Empires rose-up, made their massive conquests and declined. They all have the same conviction of using their military might to sustain their ambition. It was actually a common legacy due very much to the dark side of the Red energy. Taking God and Evil out of the equation, the Buddhist law of karma asserts that humanity is subject to the kinetic energies due to its own action. Out of the chaos of their life cycles, the only way for human beings to obtain salvation, is the knowledge of monitoring their own karma. To start, it is crucial to know that all sources of both potential and kinetic energies are not free for the grabbing and should be closely monitored. At this current stage, powerful leaders or nations were seen critical in their own drive to influence the course of worldwide events. Lost themselves in the momentum of their own successes, mistakes were committed either individually or collectively. As the old saying says "Help yourself and God will help you" and as Einstein once said "God doesn't play dice", god or evil spirits are totally relative to human nature. As power comes in pair with responsibility, the human race should be fully accountable of their own actions and work out to resolve their own problems. The last phase of the Kala yuga is seen to be even more critical than ever and we have seen two modern world-wars already occurring along with the use of atomic bombs. As the same mistake was seen repeating itself, humanity started to wonder how it could happen at the first place. Among the answers, the acts of gods and the acts of men were two dominant opinions. Agreed on two common causes, the sins of men and their drive for supremacy, the two opinions however diverged when it comes to whom the blame should be attributed and how the problems would be solved. Only through awareness of the past's mistakes and proper correction that Civilization could progress in the right direction.

  1. ISSA: The Indianized States of Southeast Asia, by G. Coedes
  2. SumerH: The Sumerian, their history, Culture, and Character, by Samuel Noah Kramer
  3. SumerM: Sumerian Mythology, by Samuel Noah Kramer
  4. CIV: Civilizations of the Indus Valley and beyond, by Sir Mortimer Wheeler
  5. AEgypt: Ancient Egypt, by David P. Silverman
  6. AInd: Ancient India, by R.C. Majumdar
  7. AGr: Ancient Greece A Concise History, by Peter Green
  8. ATurk: Ancient Turkey, by Seton Lloyd
  9. CAsia: The heritage of central Asia, by Richard N. Frye

  1. Chronology:
    7000-3300 BC: Neolithic period; 5500-4000 BC: Neo-Tian Culture, 3500 BC: Writing in coneform; 3300-1200 BC: Bronze age; 3000-1200 BC: South Asian Civilization; 3000-700 BC: Civilization of China; 2686-2181 BC: The Old Kingdom (Egypt); 2608-2598 BC: The Yellow Emperor (Shih Huang Ti); 2700-1450 BC: Cretian Civilization; 2500 BC: Indus Valley's civilization; 2300 BC: The Jins left the footsteps of Himalayas toward the plain; 2070-1600 BC: The Xia Dynasty; 2055-1650 BC: The Middle Kingdom (Egypt); 1550-1077 BC: The New Kingdom (Egypt); 1300-1046 BC: Shang or Yin Dynasty (China); 1200-800 BC: Greek Dark Ages; 1046-221 BC: Chou Dynasty (China); 1000-1BC: Dong-son Culture; 543 BC: Buddha passed into Maha Parinibbana
  2. The Sumerian God's Life Span
    Typical of Sumerian cosmology, gods allow themsel ves to be resuscitated and in the process confusion of identity arises. For instance, Innana who was the Moon God's daughter was often taking her mother or Ishta 's identity. This resuscitation process, becoming the basic of reincarnation of later Hindu Culture, allows past legacy to be revoked back when needed. It is important to note that in Hindu folklore, inherited in most part from the Sumerian culture, an epic personage was more often not a person, but a dynasty. From this representation, it is quite common that a divine personality was mentioned to marry his own sister or daughter and a divine mother marrying her own son. The Moon God for instance was the essence of all descendants of Meru while Ishta, the consort of the Moon God was in fact the representation of all their consorts. Confusion arises when their daughter Innana married one of their descendants and became in the process revered as Ishta. A god's life span is in fact the combined reign of his own incarnation and his descendants, making up the era of his divine godship.
  3. The Conception of Zoroastrianism
    Zoroastrianism is a religion based on the belief that Ahura Mazda (Asura) was the supreme lord of the universe. The religion got its name for the prophet Aoroaster who was credited to successfully launched the Asura against the Moon God Tsin. Western scholars later attributed Zoroastrianism as the founding concept of Judaism, Christianism and Muslim. Hindu scholars, on the other hand, identified Rashu as the Asura God of eclipse and as the progenator of the Rama Divinity. Even though Rama was conceived as an avatar of Lord Vishnu who brought prosperity to humanity, Asura is on the other hand still perceived as the dark side or deamon of the Kala yuga.
  4. The seven Daughters of Brahma
    The arrangement of the seven days of the week according to the spectrum of seven energies was already defined in Brahmanism. Each day of the week is ruled by each of the seven daughters of Brahma. According to Manula, the conception of life started with the spectrum of 7 energies issued by the Sun's life. Each colored energy has its own power and purpose of life. Humanity had been encouraged to consume this "knowledge of life" rather than confusing themselves on the "knowledge of God and Evil".
  5. Atlantis
    The myth of Atlantis was brought to light after a comment, made by Plato, about an ancient civilization drown to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean. Believed to be the forefront of the European Civilization, Atlantis fell into obscurity by a catastrophic event. Since then, many efforts had been conducted to find its actual site but failed. Until it is found, Crete would perfectly matches its description.
  6. The Conception of Astrology
    There are still misconception about Astrology from the scientific school of astronomy. Through Einstein general theory of relativity, gravity is consildered the main cause of distording reality due to its effect on light travel. Astronomy was by far considered as a science of our universe due to its own causes and effects. From this restricted undestanding, astronmer presumed that astrology had no basis to predict the effect on life through the dynamic of gravity within our universe's components. The Sumerian book of life was based on the conception of seven planes of universe in a coexsitence that set our universe to be the effect of the other six. Due to this conception, the Sumerian astrologers believed that they can predict the effects on the components or on life of our universe due either to its internal or external causes, by observing the dynamic change of the sky.
  7. King Menes or Minu
    In Egyptian mythology, Menes was commemorated as the unifier of Egypt. Scholars often confuse Menes with Narmer who, as we had seen, was identified as a prince of Ta-tsin named Meru. While Meru was identified as the progenator of the Moon Culture and the founder of the first Egyptian Dynasty, Menes on the other hand, was mentioned to be an Egyptian Pharoah of the fifteenth century and the progenator of the next generation of Sun Dynasty Horus.
    The tradition of Menes as the first king of all Egypt goes back only to the fifteenth century BCE, when Eighteenth-Dynasty monuments call the legendary unifier "Meni". (AEgypt: The first Nation State)
    Apparently, Narmer and Menes were both unifiers of Egypt, but in different eras of fifteen centuries apart. By establishing his own Manu supremacy, the Sun god Horus challenged the legacy of the Moon God Narmer.
  8. Satan vs Adam
    Representing the intellectual mount of Lord Siva, the Bull Nanda carried on the task of the Brahmans. Referred in the western world as Satan, the Zodiac Taurau was chased by God out of his heavenly court. His crime was the refusal to bow before Adam. It is important to note that this western reprisal of Satan is not shared by the eastern world. Through its up-and-down relationship with Meru, the Nanda continued on carrying its Brahmanist tradition. At the end, it was them who carried out the Meru Culture from Middle East to its final destination at Gangetic India. Politically, it was about the conflict between the Sumerian Brahmans and a new breed of Middle Eastern warrior kings. The fact that the Sumerian scholars were no longer present at Mesopotamia implicates that the bull Satan was casted out from the history of the West for good. To replace the bull, the god Ashura created a new class of Brahmans, known as Sakabrahmanas to suit the new created Adam.
  9. Satan and his Downfall
    In Western cosmogony of the Moon God Tsin, the next development was concerning the feud between the old-timer Satan and the new god's creation, Adam (Notes: Satan Vs Adam). According to western cosmogony, Satan was a high official in the court of God and by not bowing before Adam, he was banished from the heavenly court and was constrained to the underworld. They brought with them the latest of their accomplishments and the Arianization of the Gangetic India soon started after their settlement in the valley. In consistency with the western legend of draconian slaying, Zeus declared himself as the God of Universe.
  10. The Fight between Seth and Osiris
    Isis and Osiris were two of the five siblings (along with Seth, Nephtys and Horus the Elder) born on successive days to Nut, the goddess of the Sky, and geb, the god of the earth. Orisis, the eldest of all, married his sister Isis. Seth also married Nephtys. By an elaborate scheme, Seth managed to kill Osiris. With the help of Anubis, the god of mummification, Isis managed to invigorate the corpse of Osiris and the fight for the throne of Egypt as well as the title of a Cakravatin monarch, King of Kings, was next.
  11. Isis's origin
    In Egyptian depiction, the queen Isis was portrayed to bear a sun disk between a pair of bull's horns as headdress. It was a symbolic membership of belonging to the Nanda of the Sun Dynasty. This oriental connection explains the displacement of the falling court of Osiris to the Gangetic India. It also explains the fall of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt, after the Chous subdued the Shang Dyansty.
  12. The European Culture
    Scholars agreed that Greece and later Rome were the progenitors of European culture, however disagreed about the origin of the two cultures. Most believe in Cucasian root of both the Sanskrit and European Culture. However, evidences unveil that both Greece and Rome owed their past civilization to the same cultural developments of Middle East. It was the Akkadians who started on the Jewish culture and subsequently the the Greek civilization. On the other hand, it was the Assyrians who brought the Minoan and the Phoenician civilization to the west that became the progenator of Rome and the modern Europe 's culture.
  13. Manu Vaivasvata
    According to Indian history, Manu was the progenitor of the Sun lineage of kings whose early legacies in both Gangetic India and Southeast Asia tied them to the Naga world.
    Tradition naturally begins with myth, and so all the early dynasties that ruled in India are derived from a primeval king Manu Vaisvata. Manu had nine sons and daughter, among whom the whole of India was divided. Ikshavaku, the eldest son, obtained Madhyadesa, and was the progenator of the solar race or dynasty, with its capital at Ayudhya. From Ikshvaku's son Nimi sprang the dynasty that reigned in Videha, with its capital at Mithila, which is said to have been named after his son Mithi. (India: Later Vedic Period: The mythical king Manu)
    It is important to note the difference between the Indian king Ikshavaku, the progenator of the Suryavamsa, and the first eldest son of king Mahasamanta, Vararaja in Buddhist tradition. Historically, Ikshavaku was connected to the resuscitation of the Manu Vaivaavata, conceived around the fifteen century BC. The connection of Manu and the flood myth with the Dravidian Tamil of South India followed the formation of the Gangetic India by king Ikshavaku that extended deeper into South India at later time. The epic story of Manu flood was perhaps compiled at the same time as part of the process. Since there are no evidences of such flood during the time, the story was obviously based on previous records. The real flood, if it was to occur, must to happen millennium earlier as remembered by the Khmer-mon tribes of Southeast Asia. It was a reconstruction of the real event about the foundation of the Cola Dynasty, using past legacy of the great flood to legitimate themselves as descendants of the very first King Manu.
  14. Manu or Noah as a derivative of Manoah
    Manoah, wich mean human is also known as either Manu or Noah in the epic flood myth. In Buddhist tradition, Manu was the progenator of human kind and was not necessarily connected to the flood myth. In the western world, Noah is, on the other hand, the hero of the flood myth. From here, we concluded that the Noah story was a derivative of the Hindu Manu's flood myth.
  15. Zoroastrianism against the Moon God Tsin
    Founded by the Prophet Zarathustra, Zoroastrianism' s main antagonist was the Aryaman, who was a major divinity of the Rigveda. As Aryaman was identified to be Meru (The Man Race: The Shan Mythology: The Aryan Identity), we could approximate Zoroaster's birth to be during the last phase of the Meru Culture in Middle East. Vestiges unearthed confirmed that worshipers, in remembrance of their old Meru faith, had turned to the wrong discipline of Tantric practice through the worshipping of idols (The Westernisation: The Making of the Western World: The dawn of the Western Civilization). Common findings were images of the Fertility Goddess and of the Bull (Nanda).
  16. The Prophet Zoroaster
    Zoroaster had been known as an Iranian prophet of the Supreme Lord, Ahura Mazda. He was believed to be a direct descendant in the royal line of the house of Manushcihar of ancient Iran. His birth was miraculous, similar to that of Jesu Christ, but was not dated. Zoroaster was quoted to wage campaign against the fallacy and promoted Lord Ahura Mazda as the supreme lord of the universe. Zoroastrianism was founded according to Zoroaster's legacy. Deviation is however seen along the tradition, one of which is the adoption of the cultic drink Soma.
    Also the cultic drink Haoma, Indian Soma, opposed by Zoroaster, found its way into the rites of later Zoroastrianism.
    (CAsia: Zoroaster's Cult)
  17. The Kuru's War
    One characteristic of the war is that it was conducted in a series of big scale battles. Not only that the two rivals were fighting between themselves, but each party also summoned allies to take part in the battles. It is interesting to note that the allies of the Pandavas were mostly of Gangetic Indian and eastern Kingdoms. On the other side, those of the Kauravas, except the Anga and the ParamKamboja Kings, were mostly of Central Asian and Middle Eastern kingdoms. Clearly the Kuru's war was an epic war between the West and the East and was about the transition from the Meru (Hara) Culture to the Sura (Hari) Culture. A war of that magnitude, if it existed, must to leave traces that could be checked out by different sources and, most of all, by archeology.
  18. The Bad Practices of the western Religions
    Losing focus on god's morale code, they concentrated on god's grace to play down their sins. In return for the favor, sacrifices were made as a token of their gratification. Such worshipping and goal setting were found widespread in both the Vishnuite and the Jewish school of religious practices. The worshipping of idols that were made of local spirit, continued until Zoroaster brought the notion of a universal god back to middle eastern practice. While the Jews kept praying to the god of Abraham, their practices had been gone astray from the Moon God's original teaching (Notes: The Ten Commandments). As indicated in the old testament, the Isralite became more and more fascinated by the godhead (Ashura) of the Assyrian and the Babylonian pantheons (Notes: The Babylonian Empire).
  19. The Ten Commandment
    It is said that the Ten Commandments were inscribed on stones to serve as a morale ' s code for the Jewish faith. It was soon locked in the Arc of Convenent as a proof of god's intervention in their journey out of Egypt. It was meant to be the same morale code from god that served as the base of all Abrahamic School for their fate of the Moon God Tsin.
  20. The Babylonian Empire
    After the Kuru's war, Babylon fell into the Assyrian Empire. Evidences show that while Assyria became a new site of Babylon, Ur was neglected until Nebuchadnezzar defeated the Assyrian and rebuilt Babylon at Ur.
  21. The Meru Heritage
    Along with the development of the Kala Yuga, the descendants of Abraham lost completely the sight of the Moon God Tsin. While some core concepts of the Meru 's heritage still stayed, the practices had been gone astray through dogmas introduced by local religious figures and Church's laymen. The Zoroastrinism' influence could be found more or less in Jewish, Christian and Muslim' s school of worshipping.
  22. Cryptography of the Word "Ramesses"
    the Sun god Ra, the king as a child (mes) and the sedge plan (su) (ca 1279-1213 BCE). (AEgypt: Symbol and Image: Cryptography)
  23. The Freedom of Religion
    In the contemporary world order, the freedom of Religion is encouraged based on the need of diversity to diffuse opposition of the contemporary power. Each religion, regardless of its background and philosophy, is considered as equally good as long it fit into the new orders.
  24. The Causality Law
    Known also as the law of the cause and effect, the Causality Law equates any Effect to a set of causes according to a set of rules. The equation is called the law and the set of rules is called the rationality of the law. A simple or initial cause is a constant effect. A simple effect is a functional value of a set of simple causes. A composite effect is referred as the law of Evolution.